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INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT AND GISMAPPING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STATE OF THE CITY OF VORONEZH (RUSSIA)

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2015-8-4-42-53

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Abstract

The authors have created a geoinformation-analytical system (GIS) for integrated
assessment and mapping of the ecological conditions of the territory according to the criteria of anthropogenic impact and quality of the urban environment, as well as the response of woody plants and the health of the child population (on the example of Voronezh – the largest industrial city of the Central Chernozem region).
It has been identified that anthropogenic pollution is formed by the industrial-transport
sector and varies with regard to the features of the functional planning infrastructure; near the industrial facilities of the petrochemical profile in the left-Bank sector of the city, conditions for the existence of woody plants significantly worsen, which is manifested in the inhibition of their development; child morbidity rate is significantly higher in industrially polluted neighborhoods with high load of pollutant emissions from industry and transport. The diseases primarily associated with pollution are congenital anomalies, neoplasms, endocrine pathology and diseases of the urogenital area.
The industrial zone is the main contributor to the total pollution of air, but the transport zone
is the main contributor to the total pollution of soil and snow cover.

About the Authors

Semen A. Kurolap
Voronezh State University
Russian Federation
Department of Geoecology and Environmental Monitoring, Faculty of Geography,
Geoecology and Tourism


Oleg V. Klepikov
Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies
Russian Federation
Department of Environmental Engineering


Pavel M. Vinogradov
Voronezh State University
Russian Federation
Department of Geoecology and Environmental Monitoring, Faculty of Geography,
Geoecology and Tourism


Tatyana I. Prozhorina
Voronezh State University
Russian Federation
Department of Geoecology and Environmental Monitoring, Faculty of Geography,
Geoecology and Tourism


Liudmila O. Sereda
Voronezh State University
Russian Federation
Department of Geoecology and Environmental Monitoring, Faculty of Geography,
Geoecology and Tourism


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For citation:


Kurolap S.A., Klepikov O.V., Vinogradov P.M., Prozhorina T.I., Sereda L.O. INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT AND GISMAPPING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STATE OF THE CITY OF VORONEZH (RUSSIA). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2015;8(4):42-53. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2015-8-4-42-53

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)