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Author Guidelines

Last update: April 16th, 2021

The authors' guidelines are based on CSE’s White Paper on Promotion Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications, 2012 and ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, December 2016.

Journal focus and scope. The journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” publishes original, innovative, interdisciplinary, and timely research letter articles and concise reviews on studies in the field of Earth and environmental sciences. It covers a broad spectrum of scientific research areas (physical-, social-, economic-, cultural geography, environmental sciences, and sustainable development) and also considers contemporary and widely used research methods, such as geoinformatics, cartography, remote sensing (including satellite-based), geophysics, geochemistry, etc.

The journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” publishes research, review, and editorial papers in English. Either British or American English spelling and punctuation may be used. If proper English is a challenge for you, you may order language editing here or here.

The journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” accepts manuscripts from PhDs, PhD candidates, masters, specialists, and experts from the specified fields of study.




Manuscript submission in the GES journal implies that:

  • the manuscript was not published earlier in another journal;
  • the manuscript is not under consideration in another journal;
  • all co-authors agree with the publication of the current version of the manuscript.

Before submitting the manuscript for review, make sure that the file(s) contains all the necessary information in English, the sources of information posted on the figures and tables are indicated, all citations are framed correctly.


The paper contains:

1. Authors' names, information, and affiliation.

Authors are people who are identified by the scientific group as the main participants in the paper presented and who agreed to take responsibility for their work. 

All authors of an article are asked to indicate their names (with one forename in full for each author, other forenames being given as initials followed by the surname) and the name and full postal address (including postal code) of the affiliation where the work was done. If there is more than one institution involved in the work, authors’ names should be linked to the appropriate institutions by the use of 1, 2, 3 etc superscript. Telephone and fax numbers and e-mail addresses of the authors could be published as well. One author should be identified as a Corresponding Author. The e-mail address of the corresponding author will be published, unless requested otherwise.


Ivan I. Ivanov1, Anton A. Petrov1*, David H. Smith2

1University/Organization name, Street, City, ZIP-code, Country

2University/Organization name, Street, City, ZIP-code, Country

* Corresponding author:


2. Paper title.
The title of the paper must reflect its content. If you meet difficulties with the correctness of your manuscript title or the translation of geographical object/area, please check the textbook on geographical names and titles (in Russian).
3. Abstract.
The Abstract should be 200-250 words in volume. It also must contain a brief representation of the paper aim, methods, and main results. The abstract should not include firstly introduced terms, abbreviations (except for the well-known), and references to the literature.
4. Keywords.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
5. Acknowledgments.
This section indicates all sources of funding for the study, as well as thanks to people who participated in the work on the paper but are not its authors. Participation in the work on the paper implies recommendations for improving research, providing space for research, departmental control, obtaining financial support, single types of analysis, providing reagents/patients/animals or other research materials.
6. Conflict of interests.
Conflict of interest is the condition under which people have conflicting or competing interests that can influence editorial decision-making. Conflicts of interest can be potential or conscious, as well as real ones. Personal, political, financial, scientific, or religious factors can affect objectivity.
The author must notify the editor of a real or potential conflict of interest by including information on the conflict of interest in the appropriate section of the article.
If there is no conflict of interest, the author should also report this, for example: "The author declares no conflict of interests".
7. Text of the paper.
We use IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion) + conclusion:
  • Introduction (State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.).
  • Material and methods (Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks, and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
  • Results (Results should be clear and concise.).
  • Discussion (This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.).
  • Conclusions (The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.).
For better understanding the structure of the manuscript we accept, we strongly recommend you to read the paper
8. Figures.
Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. Regardless of the application used, when your figure is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats: TIFF, JPG, or PNG. The resolution should be at least 300 dpi of 1000 pixels on the smallest dimension. Besides inserting figures into your manuscript, you must also upload appropriate files during paper submission. Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration beginning from “Fig. 1…”. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. If the figure is reprinted from a different source, there must be an explanation (reprinted from ... with permission) in the caption. Authors must provide to the Editorial Office (via email) the permission from the copyright holder for reprinting the figures in their manuscripts.

Example of referring to the figure in the text: (Fig. 1)

Example of figure caption: Fig. 1. The distribution of the family Monimiaceae.


9. Tables.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the paper or on separate page(s)  at the end.  Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text, place table caption above the table body, and place any table notes below the body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the paper. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

Example of table caption: Table 1. Case studies and used methods.


10. Math equations.

Math equations should be submitted as editable text and not as images (use the appropriate tool in the text editor).  Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


11. Photos and screenshots.

Photos, screenshots and other not drawn illustrations must be downloaded in the form of * .jpeg, * .bmp, * .gif files (* .doc and * .docx - if additional marks are made on the image) Image resolution should be >300 dpi. Image files must be given a name corresponding to the number of the picture in the text. In the file description, you should separately provide a caption, which should correspond to the name of the photograph placed in the text.


12. Footnotes

Footnotes are numbered in Arabic numerals, placed page by page. Footnotes may include links to anonymous sources on the Internet, links to textbooks, manuals, state standard specifications, statistical reports, articles in socio-political newspapers and magazines, abstracts, dissertations (if it is not possible to quote articles published based on the results of the dissertation research), comments by the author.


13. List of references.

Compile a list of references according to the References Requirements of our journal. The list of references includes peer-reviewed sources only (papers from scientific journals and monographs) referred to in the text of the paper. It is not appropriate to include abstracts, dissertations, textbooks, teaching aids, state standard specifications (including GOST), information from websites, statistical reports, articles in socio-political newspapers, websites, and blogs in the list of references. If you need to refer to such information, you should put the source information in a footnote. When describing a source, its DOI should be indicated if it can be found. There should be at least 30 references on the list.

References to accepted but not yet published papers should be marked with the words “in print”; authors must obtain written permission to link to such documents and confirmation that they are accepted for publication. Information from unpublished sources should be marked with the words “unpublished data/documents”, authors should also receive written confirmation of the use of such materials. The publication year, volume, issue of the journal, and page numbers must be indicated in references to papers from journals.

We strongly recommend that you use the Mendeley app and the Mendeley add-in for MS Word to create a bibliography and citations in your text. You can add a citation style prepared for GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY to your Mendeley following the link: mendeley://csl// If the link above does not work for some reason, then you need to manually add it via Citation Styles → Get more styles → Download style and paste it into the search bar:


14. Appendices.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


*Some additional information:

  • Please use Manuscript template and read References Requirements carefully before submission.
  • The optimum size of a manuscript is about 3,000–5,000 words. Under the decision (or request) of the Editorial Board methodological and problem articles or reviews up to 8,000–10,000 words long can be accepted.
  • We encourage authors to list three potential expert reviewers in their field. The Editorial Board will view these names as suggestions only.



The manuscript of the paper is sent to the editor through an online form. The
loaded file with the manuscript should be presented in Microsoft Word format (have the extension * .doc, * .docx, * .rtf).




The editors of the journal are in correspondence with the corresponding (contact) author. However, if the team of authors wishes, letters can be sent to all authors for whom an email address is indicated.
All manuscripts submitted to the journal Geography, Environment, Sustainability undergo a preliminary review by the assistant editor of the journal for compliance with formal requirements. At this stage, the manuscript may be returned to the author(s) for revision with a request to eliminate errors or add missing data. Also, at this stage, the manuscript may be rejected due to its inconsistency with the objectives of the journal, lack of originality, and low scientific value.
After a preliminary review, the assistant editor forwards the paper to the reviewer indicating the terms of the review. In controversial cases, the editor may involve several experts, as well as the editor-in-chief, in the review process. With the positive decision of the reviewer, the manuscript is submitted to the editor to prepare for publication.

When deciding whether to revise the manuscript, the remarks and comments of the reviewer are transmitted to the author. The author is given 3 weeks for manuscript revision. If during this period the author has not notified the editors about the planned actions, the manuscript is removed from the publication queue.
When a decision is made to refuse publication of a paper, the author is sent an appropriate decision by the assistant editor.
The corresponding (contact) author of the paper accepted for publication is obliged to check the final version of the provided layout. A response is expected from the authors within 2 days. If there is no response from the author, the layout of the paper is considered approved.



If the author does not agree with the opinion of the reviewer and/or editor or with individual comments, he can challenge the decision. For this, the author needs:

  • to revise the manuscript of the paper according to the justified comments of reviewers and editors;
  • to clearly state his position on the problem issue.

Editors facilitate the re-submission of manuscripts that could potentially be accepted but were rejected due to the need for significant changes or the collection of additional data. They also are ready to explain in detail what needs to be corrected in the manuscript in order to be accepted for publication.



In case of detection of dishonest behavior by the author, plagiarism, fabrication or falsification of data, the editors are guided by the rules of COPE.
By “dishonest behavior” the Geography, Environment, Sustainability 
journal means any actions of a scientist, including improper handling of objects of study or intentional manipulation of scientific information, in which it ceases to reflect observed studies, as well as the behavior of a scientist that does not meet accepted ethical and scientific standards.
The Geography, Environment, Sustainability journal does not consider honest errors or honest differences in the plan, conduction, interpretation or evaluation of research methods or results, or unfair behavior unrelated to the scientific process as “unfair behavior”.



If errors are found in the text of the paper that affect its perception but do not distort the stated research results, they can be corrected by replacing the pdf-file of the paper and indicating an error in the article file itself and on the article page on the journal website.
In cases when errors found in the text of the paper distort the research results, or in the case of plagiarism, detection of dishonest behavior of the author(s) related to 
data falsification and/or fabrication, the paper may be withdrawn. The initiator of paper withdrawal may be the editorial board, author, organization, private individual.
The withdrawn paper is marked with the sign “Paper withdrawn”. The paper page contains information about the reason for withdrawing. Information about the withdrawn of the paper is sent to the databases in which the journal is indexed.



Manuscript template


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscripts are accepted if it has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.

  2. The materials should be prepared in a format OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or World Perfect.

  3. Internet links are provided as a complete URL. 

  4. Text should be typed with an interval of one line spacing, font Times New Roman, 12 pt; to highlight the accents it is recommended to use italics rather than underlining (except Internet links). All images, graphics, and tables are placed within the text according to the meaning of the particular part of the text  (and not at the end of the document).

  5. Text should follow the stylistic and bibliography requirements as stated in  Regulations located in the "About Us" section.

  6. The information and opinions presented in the Journal reflect the views of the authors and not of the Journal or its Editorial Board or the Publisher. The GES Journal has used its best endeavors to ensure that the information is correct and current at the time of publication but takes no responsibility for any error, omission, or defect therein


    I agree with the above terms

  7. LICENSE AGREEMENT (public offer)

    In accordance with Article 437 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, this document is publicly available, which is addressed to an indefinite circle of adults and capable individuals.

    Terms and Definitions

    A public offer - compliance with all essential conditions - this is a proposal from which the will of the person is seen, the division of the proposal, the conclusion of an agreement on the proposal of conditions with anyone who responds.

    The work - created by creative work - a paper/article.

    Society - All-Russian Public Organization “Russian Geographical Society”, BIN 1037858010970, TIN 7812011023, CAT 783801001, address confirmed: 190000, Moscow. St. Petersburg, trans. Grivtsova, d. 10, lit. A, tel.: 8-800-700-1845.

    A license agreement is an agreement under which the right to use the results of intellectual property is provided (copyright articles).

    Website - the Company's website on the Internet

    Consent - Consent with the actor, expressed in the download. In accordance with the provisions of the License Agreement, and also taking into account the equitable conclusion of this Agreement in the conditions set forth in it, provided that the written form of this Agreement is considered to be complied with.

    License Terms

    1. Accepting the terms of this License Agreement, the author of the Article guarantees the Company that:

    1.1. He is the author and copyright holder of the article (hereinafter referred to as Article / Work);

    1.2. The content of the articles does not violate the legislation of the Russian Federation, does not contain offensive information that contradicts moral principles and generally accepted values;

    1.3. The content of the Article does not violate the rights of third parties;


    If third parties will challenge in court or in any other way the right of the Society to use the Article, the author has to participate in legal proceedings on the side of the Society and prove the legitimacy of using the Article by the Society;

    1.5. If the author fails to prove the legitimacy of the use and disposition of the Article by the Society, then the author is obliged to reimburse the Society court costs, the amount to be collected from the Society in favour of a third party and other costs associated with legal proceedings within 10 (ten) calendar days from the date the court decision takes effect;

    1.6. In the case of claims by copyright and / or related rights holders, their authorized representatives or third parties regarding the use of the Article by the Society, the author has to settle all the issues with third parties who have filed relevant claims at his own expense.

    1. The copyright for the Articles uploaded to the Website is the property of the corresponding Article’s authors.
    2. Accepting the terms of this License Agreement, the author grants the Society the right to publish its Article.
    3. Accepting the terms of this License Agreement, the author, free of charge, as a voluntary donation for the Society's activities, grants the rights (non-exclusive license) to the Society to use the Article by the means stipulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation, including:
      • publication of the Article in the journal “Geography, Environment, Sustainability” (hereinafter - the Journal);
      • distribution of the Article copies by any means and in any form;
      • public testimony in any form, during the events of the Society;
      • import of the original Work or its copies produced for distribution;
      • renting of the original or copy of the Work;
      • public performance of the Work (using radio, television, and other technical equipment);
      • processing by any means (including editing, graphic or musical overlay and creation of any independent work);
      • messaging the Work to the public, including broadcast and cable communication;
      • making the information publicly available (in any form and by any means on the Internet, including Company’s social networks and website);

    5. The author grants the Society the right to use Work by the means included in this License Agreement in all countries of the world.

    6. The author of the Paper agrees that the Society as a result of the processing of the Article may create any other independent works, including, but not limited to, any books, magazines, collections, encyclopedias, etc., as well as audio-visual works, animation, advertising, promotional, image, informational and announcing videos and clips, as well as other results of intellectual activity and means of individualization and materials. At the same time, the Society will have the full exclusive rights to the new results of intellectual activity and means of individualization, including the right to multiple (unlimited) use in full and/or partially (fragmentary) and multiple (unlimited) disposal on a paid and/or free basis of the new intellectual activity results and means of individualization without limitation of the territory and term at its discretion by any existing means or the means which may arise in the future, that do not contradict the legislation of the Russian Federation.

    7. The author grants the Society the right to conclude sub-licensing agreements/contracts with third parties on paid or non-reimbursable terms within the limits of the rights granted to the Society in accordance with this License Agreement. At the same time, the Society has the right to independently determine the cost of sub-licenses and not provide the author of the Article with reports on the use of the Article and the concluded sub-license agreements/contracts.

    8. The term of a non-exclusive license, which grants the Society the right to use the Articles of the author, is the term of the exclusive right of the author to the Article from the moment the Article is uploaded to the Site.

    9. When uploading Articles to the Site, the authors automatically give their consent to use their own name and the Articles uploaded to the Site for the Company's statutory purposes, as well as consent to the use of the Articles in the manner provided for in this License Agreement.

    10. Uploading an Article to the Site confirms that the author understands all the terms of this License Agreement, he is aware of the legal consequences of non-compliance with the terms of this License Agreement, agrees with the terms of this License Agreement, and also understands and agrees with the scope of the non-exclusive rights transferred to the Company in accordance with this License Agreement.


    ЛИЦЕНЗИОННОЕ СОГЛАШЕНИЕ (публичная оферта)

    В соответствии со статьей 437 Гражданского Кодекса Российской Федерации данный документ является публичной офертой, который адресован неопределенному кругу совершеннолетних и дееспособных физических лиц.

    Термины и определения

    Публичная оферта  содержащее все существенные условия соглашения предложение, из которого усматривается воля лица, делающего предложение, заключить соглашение на указанных в предложении условиях с любым, кто отзовется. 

    Произведение – созданное творческим трудом физического лица (автора) произведение - Статья.

    Общество - Всероссийская общественная организация «Русское географическое общество», ОГРН 1037858010970, ИНН 7812011023, КПП 783801001, адрес местонахождения: 190000, г. Санкт-Петербург, пер. Гривцова, д. 10, лит. А, тел.: 8-800-700-1845.

    Лицензионное соглашение это соглашение, в соответствии с которым обладатель исключительного права на результат интеллектуальной деятельности (автор статьи) предоставляет другой стороне (Обществу) право использования такого результата в предусмотренных соглашением пределах.

    Сайт – сайт Общества в сети Интернет

    Акцепт – конклюдентное действие физического лица, выражающееся в загрузке Статьи на Сайт и подтверждающее полное и безоговорочное принятие условий настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, а также считающееся равносильным заключению настоящего соглашения на изложенных в нём условиях, при котором письменная форма настоящего договора считается соблюденной. 

    Условия лицензионного соглашения

    1. Загружая Статью на Сайт, и тем самым акцептуя условия настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, автор Статьи гарантирует Обществу, что:

    1.1. он является автором и  правообладателем статьи (далее  Статья / Произведение);

    1.2. содержание статьи не нарушает законодательство Российской Федерации, не содержит оскорбительной информации, а также информации, противоречащей нравственным началам и общепризнанным ценностям;

    1.3. содержание Статьи не нарушает права третьих лиц;

    1.4. если третьи лица в судебном или ином порядке будут оспаривать у Общества его права на использование Статьи, автор обязан принять участие в разбирательстве на стороне Общества и доказывать правомерность использования Обществом Статьи;

    1.5. если автор не сможет доказать правомерность использования и распоряжения Статьи и Общество будет привлечено к ответственности, то автор обязан возместить Обществу в течение 10 (десяти) календарных дней с момента вступления в силу решения суда и/или иного органа, рассматривающего спор, судебные расходы, сумму, подлежащую взысканию с Общества в пользу третьего лица, иные расходы, связанные с судебным разбирательством;

    1.6. в  случае предъявления к Обществу претензий со стороны обладателей авторских и/или смежных прав, их уполномоченных представителей или третьих лиц, касающихся использования Обществом Статьи, автор обязуется за свой счёт урегулировать все спорные вопросы с третьими лицами, предъявившими соответствующие претензии.

    2. Авторское право на Статьи, загруженные на Сайт, сохраняется за авторами соответствующих Статей.

    3. Акцептуя условия настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, автор предоставляет Обществу право на обнародование своей Статьи.

    4. Акцептуя условия настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, автор безвозмездно, в качестве добровольного пожертвования на уставную деятельность Общества, предоставляет Обществу право (неисключительную лицензию) на использование Обществом Статей способами, предусмотренными гражданским законодательством Российской Федерации, в том числе:

    • воспроизведение, включая, но не ограничиваясь, путём размещения Статей в журнале «Geography, environment, sustainability» (далее - Журнал), а также в иных изданиях Общества;
    • распространение путём продажи экземпляров Статей любыми способами и в любых формах;
    • публичный показ в любых формах, в том числе, но не ограничиваясь, во время проведения мероприятий Общества;
    • импорт оригинала или экземпляров Произведения в целях распространения;
    • прокат оригинала или экземпляра Произведения;
    • публичное исполнение Произведения (представление произведения в живом исполнении или с помощью технических средств (радио, телевидения и иных технических средств);
    • переработка любыми существующими способами (в том числе любое редактирование, наложение графического или музыкального оформления, создание любых самостоятельных произведений);
    • сообщение общественности любыми способами, включая сообщение в эфир, сообщение по кабелю;
    • доведение до всеобщего сведения (в любой форме и любым способом по сети Интернет), включая социальные сети и все сайты Общества).

    5. Автор предоставляет Обществу право использовать Произведение способами, предусмотренными настоящим Лицензионным соглашением на территории всех стран мира.

    6. Автор Статьи соглашается с тем, что Обществом в результате переработки Статьи могут быть созданы любые иные самостоятельные произведения, включая, но не ограничиваясь, любые книги, журналы, сборники, энциклопедии, и т.п., а также аудиовизуальные произведения, анимационные, рекламные, промо-, имиджевые, информационные и анонсирующие ролики и клипы, а также иные результаты интеллектуальной деятельности и средства индивидуализации и материалы. При этом Общество будет обладать исключительным правом в полном объёме на новые результаты интеллектуальной деятельности и средства индивидуализации, включая право на многократное (неограниченное) использование полностью и/или частично (фрагментарно) и многократное (неограниченное) распоряжение на возмездной и/или безвозмездной основе новыми результатами интеллектуальной деятельности и средствами индивидуализации без ограничения территории и срока по своему усмотрению любыми существующими или могущими возникнуть в будущем способами, не противоречащими законодательству Российской Федерации.

    7.  Автор предоставляет Обществу право заключать с третьими лицами сублицензионные договоры/соглашения на возмездных или безвозмездных условиях в пределах тех прав, которые предоставлены Обществу в соответствии настоящим Лицензионным соглашением. При этом Общество вправе самостоятельно определять стоимость сублицензий и не предоставлять автору Статьи отчёты об использовании Статьи и заключённых сублицензионных договорах/соглашениях.

    8. Срок неисключительной лицензии, которая предоставляет Обществу право использовать Статьи автора, – срок действия исключительного права автора на Статью с момента загрузки Статьи на Сайт.

    9.  Загружая Статьи на Сайт, авторы автоматически дают свое согласие на использование своего имени и загруженных на Сайт Статей в уставных целях Общества, а также согласие на использование Статей способами, предусмотренными настоящим Лицензионным соглашением.

    10. Загрузка Статьи на Сайт подтверждает, что автору понятны все условия настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, он осознаёт правовые последствия неисполнения условий настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, согласен с условиями настоящего Лицензионного соглашения, а также понимает и согласен с объёмом неисключительных прав, передаваемых Обществу в соответствии с настоящим Лицензионным соглашением.


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