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Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” is founded by the Faculty of Geography of Lomonosov Moscow State University, The Russian Geographical Society and by the Institute of Geography of RAS. It is the official journal of Russian Geographical Society, and a fully open access journal.

Journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” publishes original, innovative, interdisciplinary and timely research letter articles and concise reviews on studies of the Earth and its environment scientific field. This goal covers a broad spectrum of scientific research areas (physical-, social-, economic-, cultural geography, environmental sciences and sustainable development) and also considers contemporary and widely used research methods, such as geoinformatics, cartography, remote sensing (including from space), geophysics, geochemistry, etc. 

“GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” is the only original English-language journal in the field of geography and environmental sciences published in Russia. It is supposed to be an outlet from the Russian-speaking countries to Europe and an inlet from Europe to the Russian-speaking countries regarding environmental and Earth sciences, geography and sustainability.

The main sections of the journal are the theory of geography and ecology, the theory of sustainable development, use of natural resources, natural resources assessment, global and regional changes of environment and climate, social-economical geography, ecological regional planning, sustainable regional development, applied aspects of geography and ecology, geoinformatics and ecological cartography, ecological problems of oil and gas sector, nature conservations, health and environment, and education for sustainable development.

Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse.


Section Policies

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Publication Frequency

4 issues per year


Open Access Policy

“GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” is an open access journal. All articles are made freely available to readers immediatly upon publication.

Our open access policy is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition - it means that articles have free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.

For more information please read BOAI statement.




  • Russian State Library (RSL)
  • National Electronic-Information Consortium (NEICON)



A double-blind peer review method is mandatory for processing of all scientific manuscripts submitted to the editorial stuff of "GES”. Reviewers tasks include novelty and scholary importance test, authentisity of research results test, article’s content and recital style test, verification of paper’s name and abstract relevance to its content, finding out published papers concerning research topic, not mentioned in the manuscript.

1. Members of the editorial board and leading Russian and international experts in the article’s corresponding areas of physical and socioeconomic geography and environmental sciences, invited as independent readers, perform peer reviews. We aim to limit the review process to 2–4 weeks, though in some cases the schedule may be adjusted at the reviewer’s request. Upon the scrutiny, the reviewer is expected to present the editorial board with one of the following recommendations: a) to accept the paper in its present state; b) to invited the author to revise their manuscript to address specific concerns before final decision is reached; c) that final decision be reached following further reviewing by another specialist; d) to reject the manuscript outright.

2. If the reviewer has recommended any refinements, the editorial staff would suggest the author either to implement the corrections, or to dispute them reasonably. Authors are kindly required to limit their revision to 2 months and resubmit the adapted manuscript within this period for final evaluation.

3. We politely request that the editor be notified verbally or in writing should the author decide to refuse from publishing the manuscript. In case the author fails to do so within 3 months since receiving a copy of the initial review, the editorial board takes the manuscript off the register and notifies the author accordingly.

4. If author and reviewers meet insoluble contradictions regarding revision of the manuscript, the editor-in-chief resolves the conflict by his own authority.

5. The editorial board reaches final decision to reject a manuscript on the hearing according to reviewers’ recommendations, and duly notifies the authors of their decision via e-mail. The board does not accept previously rejected manuscripts for re-evaluation.

6. Kindly note that positive review does not guarantee the acceptance, as final decision in all cases lies with the editorial board. By his authority, editor-in-chief rules final solution of every conflict.



Articles in “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” are indexed by several systems:


Publishing Ethics

The Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement of the journal “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY”  are based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines available at,  and requirements for peer-reviewed journals, elaborated by the "Elsevier" Publishing House (in accordance with international ethical rules of scientific publications)

1. Introduction

1.1. The publication in a peer reviewed learned journal, serves many purposes outside of simple communication. It is a building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. For all these reasons and more it is important to lay down standards of expected ethical behaviour by all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society for society-owned or sponsored journal: “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY”

1.2.Publisher has a supporting, investing and nurturing role in the scholarly communication process but is also ultimately responsible for ensuring that best practice is followed in its publications.

1.3. Publisher takes its duties of guardianship over the scholarly record extremely seriously. Our journal programmes record «the minutes of science» and we recognise our responsibilities as the keeper of those «minutes» in all our policies not least the ethical guidelines that we have here adopted.

2. Duties of Editors

2.1.Publication decision – The Editor of a learned “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” is solely and independently responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published, often working on conjunction with the relevant society (for society-owned or sponsored journals). The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always underwrite such decisions. The Editor may be guided by the policies of the “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers (or society officers) in making this decision.

2.2.Fair play – An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

2.3.Confidentiality – The editor and any editorial staff of “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

2.4.Disclosure and Conflicts of interest

2.4.1. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

2.4.2. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers.

2.5.Vigilance over published record – An editor presented with convincing evidence that the substance or conclusions of a published paper are erroneous should coordinate with the publisher (and/or society) to promote the prompt publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant.

2.6.Involvement and cooperation in investigations – An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher (or society). Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies.

3.    Duties of Reviewers

3.1.Contribution to Editorial Decisions – Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and lies at the heart of the scientific method. Publisher shares the view of many that all scholars who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.

3.2.Promptness – Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor of “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” and excuse himself from the review process.

3.3.Confidentiality – Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorised by the editor.

3.4.Standard and objectivity – Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

3.5.Acknowledgement of Sources – Reviewers  should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

3.6.Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

3.6.1.Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

3.6.2. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

4. Duties of Authors

4.1.Reporting standards

4.1.1. Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

4.1.2. Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial 'opinion’ works should be clearly identified as such.

4.2.Data Access and Retention – Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

4.3.Originality and Plagiarism

4.3.1. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

4.3.2. Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

4.4.Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

4.4.1. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

4.4.2. In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper.

4.4.3. Publication of some kinds of articles (eg, clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication. Further detail on acceptable forms of secondary publication can be found at

4.5.Acknowledgement of Sources – Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

4.6.Authorship of the Paper

4.6.1. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

4.6.2. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

4.7.Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

4.7.1. If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

4.7.2. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) have approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

4.8. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

4.8.1. All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

4.8.2. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest possible stage.

4.9. Fundamental errors in published works – When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in a published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the editor of “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” journal and cooperate with Publisher to retract or correct the paper, If the editor or the publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper.

5. Duties of the Publisher (and if relevant, Society)

5.1. Publisher should adopt policies and procedures that support editors, reviewers and authors of “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY”) in performing their ethical duties under these ethics guidelines. The publisher should ensure that the potential for advertising or reprint revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

5.2. The publisher should support “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY”) journal editors in the review of complaints raised concerning ethical issues and help communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors.

5.3. Publisher should develop codes of practice and inculcate industry standards for best practice on ethical matters, errors and retractions.

5.4. Publisher should provide specialised legal review and counsel if necessary.

The section is prepared according to the files of Elsevier publisher ( and files ( from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE - 




  • Institute of geography, Russian academy of sciences
  • Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography
  • Russian Geographical Society 


Author fees

Publication in “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” is free of charge for all the authors.

The journal doesn't have any Arcticle processing charges.

The journal doesn't have any Article submission charges.


Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.


Plagiarism detection

“GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” use native russian-language plagiarism detection software Antiplagiat to screen the submissions. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed.


Preprint and postprint Policy

Prior to acceptance and publication in “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY”, authors may make their submissions available as preprints on personal or public websites.

As part of submission process, authors are required to confirm that the submission has not been previously published, nor has been submitted. After a manuscript has been published in “GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY” we suggest that the link to the article on journal's website is used when the article is shared on personal or public websites.

Glossary (by SHERPA)

Preprint - In the context of Open Access, a preprint is a draft of an academic article or other publication before it has been submitted for peer-review or other quality assurance procedure as part of the publication process. Preprints cover initial and successive drafts of articles, working papers or draft conference papers.

Postprint - The final version of an academic article or other publication - after it has been peer-reviewed and revised into its final form by the author. As a general term this covers both the author's final version and the version as published, with formatting and copy-editing changes in place.


Requirements for the references

Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:

Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).

This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).

This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1999).

Reference lists are created to allow readers to locate original sources themselves. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. If possible indicate DOI number.

Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If there are multiple sources by the same author, then citations are listed in order by the date of publication.

List Citations for Books: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. Edition. (Only include the edition if it is not the first edition) City published: Publisher.

Example: One author:

  • Patterson J. (2005). Maximum ride. New York: Little, Brown.

Examples: Two or more authors

  • Desikan S. and Ramesh G. (2006). Software testing. Bangalore, India: Dorling Kindersley.
  • Vermaat M., Sebok S., Freund S., Campbell J. and Frydenberg M. (2014). Discovering computers. Boston: Cengage Learning.
  • Daniels K., Patterson G., and Dunston Y. (2014). The ultimate student teaching guide. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

List Citations for Chapters in Edited Books

When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format:

Last name, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In: First initial. Last name, ed., Book Title, 1st ed. City: Publisher, Page(s).


  • Bressler L. (2010). My girl, Kylie. In: L. Matheson, ed., The Dogs That We Love, 1st ed. Boston: Jacobson Ltd., pp. 78-92.


List citations for book or pamphlet, organization as both author and publisher:

College of Medical Radiation Technologists of Ontario. Standards of practice. (2011). Toronto: The College


List Citations for Multiple Works by the Same Author: When there are multiple works by the same author, place the citations in order by year. When sources are published in the same year, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Use a lower case letter after the date to differentiate between the works.


  • Brown D. (1998). Digital fortress. New York: St. Martin's Press.
  • Brown D. (2003a). Deception point. New York: Atria Books.
  • Brown D. (2003b). The Da Vinci code. New York: Doubleday.

In-text citation:

Communication of science in the media has increasingly come under focus, particularly where reporting of facts and research is inaccurate (Brown, 2003a; Brown, 2003b)

List Citations for Print Journal Articles: The standard structure of a print journal citation includes the following components: Last name Initials. (Year of publication). Article title. Journal name, Volume (Issue), Page(s).


  • Ross N. (2015). On Truth Content and False Consciousness in Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory. Philosophy Today, 59(2), pp. 269-290.
  • Dismuke C. and Egede L. (2015). The Impact of Cognitive, Social and Physical Limitations on Income in Community Dwelling Adults with Chronic Medical and Mental Disorders. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(5), pp. 183-195.

List Citations for Journal Articles Found on a Database or on a Website: When citing journal articles found on a database or through a website, include all of the components found in a citation of a print journal, but also include the medium ([online]), the website URL, and the date that the article was accessed.

Structure: Last name, First initial. (Year of publication). Article title. Journal name, [online] Volume(Issue), pages. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].


  • Raina S. (2015). Establishing Correlation Between Genetics and Nonresponse. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, [online] Volume 61(2), p. 148. Available at: [Accessed 8 Apr. 2015].

List Citations for Websites: When citing a website, use the following structure:

Last name Initials (Year of publication). Page title. [online] Website name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

When no author is listed, use the following structure:

Website name, (Year of publication). Page title. [online] Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].


  • Messer L. (2015). 'Fancy Nancy' Optioned by Disney Junior. [online] ABC News. Available at: [Accessed 31 Mar. 2015].
  •, (2015). M&M'S Official Website. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Apr. 2015].


Referencing Materials in another Alphabet

When referencing material in another alphabet (e.g. Cyrillic), you should translate the title into English. Indicate the original language of publication, e.g. (in Russian) or (in Russian with English summary).

Note: English journal or book name should be official, as it used in world databases and indexes (i.e. Scopus, RSCI, etc.). If journal or book has no name in English, it should be translated into English in the same order as title (see example below).

The structure is as follows:


(Year of publication)

Translation of title

Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)

Place of publication: publisher

Series and volume number (where relevant)


  • Konishchev V. (2013) The nature of the cyclic structure of the ice complex of Eastern Siberia, Earth Cryosphere, vol. XVII, №1, pp. 3-16. (in Russian with English summary)
  • Dolgova E.A., Matskovskiy V.V., Solomina O.N., Rototaeva O.V., Nosenko G.A., and Khmelevskoy I.F. (2013). Reconstructing mass balance of Garabashi Glacier (1800-2005) using dendrochronological data, Ice and Snow, 1, pp. 34-42 (in Russian with English summary)

In-text citation:

V. Konishchev (2013) suggests…

According to (Dolgova et al. 2013)…