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GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

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EXPLOITATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND RURAL COMMUNITIES BY GLOBAL FOOD COMPANIES

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-4-54-67

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Abstract

Globalization is determined by creation and growth of global capital markets for goods and services at international trade and environment level. In year 2013, the total food sales
of the top 100 food companies in the world amounted to US$ 1,332,070 million. The headquarters of these companies are established in 20 different countries in 6 different geographical areas. The food sales comprised of 39 % from North America, 32 % from Europe, 21 % from Eastern Asia, % 3 from South America, 3 % from Nordic, and 2 % from Oceania. Globalization potentially creates monopolies. Most of the literatures on environmental issues indicate that these companies increase their profits in three ways: cheap labour, unethical policies, exploitation of environmental resources.

About the Author

Emel Okur-Berberoglu
LIC (Livestock Improvement Corporation)
New Zealand


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For citation:


Okur-Berberoglu E. EXPLOITATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND RURAL COMMUNITIES BY GLOBAL FOOD COMPANIES. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2014;7(4):54-67. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-4-54-67

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