Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS RELATED TO ACCIDENTS AT PULP AND PAPER PLANTS: THE CASE OF THE MANTUROVO PULP AND PAPER PLANT PROJECT

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2011-4-4-76-83

Full Text:

Abstract

The paper presents approaches to quantitative and spatial assessment of emergency environmental risks at new sites of pulp and paper production using mathematical statistics, probability theory, and cartographic modeling. Damage assessment is based on the type and sphere (atmosphere, soil, and underground and surface waters) of impact. Although damage assessment considers governmentally approved methodology, the formula suggested for the assessment contains some suitable improvements. In addition, a brief characterization of technological process at pulp and paper plants provides objective substantiation of possible accident scenarios. Conclusions discuss economic and social benefits of pulp and paper plants versus their ecological disadvantages.

About the Author

Maria Gunko

Russian Federation
Master-degree student, Faculty of Geography, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University; Leninskie gory, 1, Moscow, Russia


References

1. Akimov, V.A., Potapov B.V., and Radaev N.N. (2001) Methods of comparative risk assessment

2. for regions of the Russian Federation. Environment and Industry of Russia, February, pp. 25–32.

3. Akimov V.A., Lesnikh V.N., and Radaev N.N. (2004) Fundamentals of risk analysis and

4. management in natural and technological spheres. Moscow: Delovoy Ekspress, p. 380.

5. Kasparov, G.B. (1979) Economy, organization, and planning in pulp and paper production.

6. Forest products industry, № 4, pp. 41–58.

7. Kuzminov, I.F. (2010) Kostroma region outskirts: socio-economic consequences of forest

8. governance transformation. Northern village: traditions and innovations. Moscow: GU-VSHE, p. 260.

9. Recommendation to action № RA 03-626-03 dated March 15, 2003 “Method for

10. determining the size of harm that can be caused to the life or health of individuals, property

11. of enterprises in case of accidents at hydrotechnical structures”.

12. Russian Federation Government Resolution № 344 dated June 12, 2003 “About fees for

13. air pollution from stationary and mobile sources, discharges of pollutants into surface and

14. ground water bodies, industrial and consumer waste burial”.

15. SanR&N № 4630-88 dated July 4, 1988 “Sanitary rules and norms of surface water

16. protection from pollution”.

17. Set of Rules № SR-11-113-2002 dated July 23, 2002 “Order on engineering measures of civil

18. defense and emergency prevention when preparing a petition of intent and substantiation

19. for investment in construction of enterprises, buildings, and facilities”.


For citation:


Gunko M. ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS RELATED TO ACCIDENTS AT PULP AND PAPER PLANTS: THE CASE OF THE MANTUROVO PULP AND PAPER PLANT PROJECT. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2011;4(4):76-83. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2011-4-4-76-83

Views: 143


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)