Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Environmental Consequences Of Urban Expansion: Case Study Of Environmental Licensing Processes In The Municipality Of Governador Valadares

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-53

Full Text:

Abstract

Urban growth is often accompanied by significant environmental changes, which include modification of the natural landscape and the problems related to it, such as real estate speculation, marginalization of the population, landslide risks, flooding, as well as pressure on environmentally protected areas. Therefore, it is necessary to understand how will new urban development affect the already modified space without generating further environmental problems. The research aimed to analyse five projects of allotments in Governador Valadares/Brazil between 2015 and 2017. Besides the information on the projects themselves, geographic information systems (GIS) were used along with laws and bibliography. The biggest obstacle observed was the lack of standardization in the process required by the City Hall, which culminated in projects with different characteristics, including those that did not present important analyzes, such as the Civil Construction Waste Management Plan. It is necessary to move forward in discussions related to urban environmental sustainability, standardizing the possible actions, not only in the municipality of Governador Valadares.

About the Authors

Sara Carolina Soares Guerra Fardin
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo
Brazil

Avenida Vitória, 1729, 29090-0990, Vitória



Talita Jardim do Nascimento
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Minas Gerais
Brazil

Avenida Minas Gerais, 5189, 35057-760, Governador Valadares



Henrique Delboni Fardin
Departamento de Edificações e Rodovias
Brazil

Avenida Marechal Mascarenhas de Moraes, 1501, 29051-015, Vitória



References

1. Alberto J.A. (2009). Geography and urban growth. Landscapes and environmental problems. Digital Geography Journal, 11, (in Spanish with English summary), DOI: 10.30972/geo.6112840.

2. Amado M. (2018). Wall-Up: Method for the regeneration of settlements and housing in the Developing World. Sustainable Cities and Society, 41, 22-34, DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2018.05.024.

3. Amorim M.M.A., Assunção G.H.O., Dias A.C., Guedes G.R. (2018). Social representation of Rio Doce and its floods in Governador Valadares/ Brazil. Development and environment, 49, (in Portuguese with English Sumary), DOI: 10.5380/dma.v49i0.57707.

4. Arretche M. (2006). A contribution to making less naive comments. In: Barreira, M. C. R. N.; Carvalho M.C.B. (Orgs.). Trends and perspectives in the evaluation of social policies and programs. São Paulo: IEE/PUC, 43-56. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

5. Braga R. (2013). Transfer of environmental costs in implementation of closed subdivisions in the city of Piracicaba-SP. Geography Notebook, 23 (39), 98-115. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

6. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (2020). Census 2010. Available at: http://www.ibge.gov.br. [Accessed 12 Jan. 2020]. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

7. Agência Nacional De Águas. (2017) Sewage atlas of watershed depollution. Available at: http://atlasesgotos.ana.gov.br/. [Accessed 23 Oct. 2019]. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

8. Basic Sanitation Company of the State of São Paulo (SABESP) (2017). Technical Standard Sabesp NTS 181. Dimensioning of the building water branch, easel and hydrometer – first connection. 4 review. São Paulo. Available at: http://www2.sabesp.com.br/normas/nts/NTS181.pdf. [Accessed 20 Feb. 2020]. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

9. Brazil (1979). Federal Law n. 6.766, 19 dec. 1979. Provides on the Urban Land Installment and provides other measures. Brazilian Law Collection, Brasília, 7, 172. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

10. Brazil (2001). Federal Law n. 10.257, 10 Jul. 2001. Regulates arts. 182 and 183 of the Federal Constitution, establishes general guidelines for urban policy and takes other measures. Official Journal of the Union. Brasília, DF. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

11. Brazil (2002). National Environment Council.Resolução CONAMA nº. 307, de 5 de julho de 2002. Establishes guidelines, criteria and procedures for the management of construction waste. Ministry of the Environment: CONAMA. Official Journal of the Union. Brasília, DF: Official Press. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

12. Brazil (2006). National Environment Council.Resolução n. 369, 28 mar. 2006. Provides for exceptional cases of public utility, social interest or low environmental impact, which enable the intervention or suppression of vegetation in the Permanent Preservation Area-APP. Official Journal of the Union. Brasília, DF: Imprensa Oficial. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

13. Brazil (2012a). National Environment Council. CONAMA Resolution nº. 448, 18 jan. 2012. Changes arts. 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th of Resolution No. 307, of July 5, 2002, from CONAMA. Official Journal of the Union. Brasília, DF: Imprensa Oficial. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

14. Brazil (2012b). Federal Law n. 12.651, 25 may 2012. Forest Code. Official Journal of the Union. Brasília, DF: Official Press. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

15. Capodaglio A.G. (2017). Integrated, decentralized wastewater management for resource recovery in rural andperi-urban areas. Resources, 6 (22), DOI: 10.3390/resources6020022.

16. Costa H.S.M. (1999). Sustainable urban development: a contradiction of terms? Brazilian Journal of Urban and Regional Studies, 2, (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.22296/2317-1529.2000n2p55.

17. Endreny T.A. (2018). Strategically growing the urban forest will improve our world. Nature Communications, 9 (1160), DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03622-0.

18. European Union (2000). Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council Amending Directive 2000/60/ CE establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, as regards the implementing powers conferred on the Commission /* COM/2006/0921 final - COD 2006/0297. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52006PC0921&qid=1614186550172&from=EN [Access 24 Feb.. 2021].

19. Fardin S.C.S.G., Fardin Henrique D., Fardin Hugo D. (2018). Urban land regularization in social interest areas: law and apllication of environmental instruments. Forest Cience, 28 (2), 854-862, (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509832108.

20. Fischer J., Manning A.D., Steffen W., Rose D.B., Daniell K., Felton A., Garnett S., Gilna B., Heinsohn R., Lindenmayer D.B., Macdonald B., Mills F., Newell B., Reid J., Robin L., Sherren K., Wade A. (2007). Mind the sustainability gap. Trends Ecol Evol, 22(12), 621-624, DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.08.016.

21. Genovez P.F., Vilarino M.T.B., Superbi R. (2012). Riverside populations and the urbanization process: the historical horizon of the floods in Governador Valadares from the Diário do Rio Doce newspaper. In: Regional Meeting (ANPUH-MG), XVIII, 2012. Anais... Mariana, MG. 2012. Available at: http://www.encontro2012.mg.anpuh.org/resources/anais/24/1340661306_ARQUIVO_PopulacoesRibeirinhaseoprocessodeurbanizacao.pdf>. [Accessed 18 Oct. 2019]. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

22. Governador Valadares City Hall (2013). Complementary law n.º 167, 27 nov.2013. Institutes the civil construction and bulky waste management plan and takes other measures. (in Portuguese with English Summary). Available at: https://transparencia.valadares.mg.gov.br/detalhe-da-legislacao/info/lei-complementar-167-2013/900 [Accessed 25 Feb. 2021].

23. Governador Valadares City Hall (2014a). Complementary law n° 178, 04 Sep. 2014. Provides for the parceling of land for urban purposes in the municipality of Governador Valadares and provides other measures. (in Portuguese with English Summary). Available at: https://www.valadares.mg.gov.br/detalhe-da-legislacao/info/lei-complementar-178-2014/913 [Accessed 25 Feb. 2021].

24. Governador Valadares City Hall (2014b). Complementary law n° 187, 30 dec. 2014. Provides for environmental licensing and intervention in APP. (in Portuguese with English Summary). Available at: https://www.valadares.mg.gov.br/detalhe-da-legislacao/info/leicomplementar-187-2014/308 [Accessed 25 feb. 2021].

25. Governador Valadares City Hall (2015). Municipal Basic Sanitation Plan – Diagnosis of the provision of Basic Sanitation, Urban Cleaning and Solid Waste Management services. (in Portuguese with English Summary). Available at: https://transparencia.valadares.mg.gov.br/abrir_arquivo.aspx/DOCUMENTO_1?cdLocal=2&arquivo=%7BA58CCB07-56CC-5B4E-B867-23EDDAAE22BD%7D.pdf [Accessed 25 Feb. 2021].

26. Grostein M.D. (2001). Metropolis and urban expansion: the persistence of «unsustainable» processes. São Paulo in Perspective, 15 (1), (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392001000100003.

27. Ho P. (2001). Who owns China’s land? Policies, property rights and deliberate institutional ambiguity. China Quarterly, 166, 394-421, DOI: 10.1017/S0009443901000195.

28. Jorsaraei A., Gougol M., Van Lier J.B. (2014). A cost effective method for decentralized sewage treatment. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, n. 92, DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2013.04.001.

29. Lollo J.A., Rohm S.A. (2009). Allotments and impact assessment mechanisms in Brazil. Holos Environment, 9 (1), 145-166, (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.14295/holos.v9i1.176.

30. Mineral Resources Research Company (2004). Definition of the floodplain in the city of Governador Valadares. Final Technical Report. Belo Horizonte. (in Portuguese with English Summary).

31. Monkkonen P. (2013). Urban land-use regulations and housing markets in developing countries: Evidence from Indonesia on the importance of enforcement. Land use policy, 34, 255-264, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.03.015.

32. Morgan R.K., Hart A., Freeman C., Coutts B., Colwill D., Hughes A. (2012). Practitioners, professional cultures, and perceptions of impact assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 32 (1), DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2011.02.002.

33. Mullaney J., Lucke T., Trueman S.J. (2015). A review of benefits and challenges in growing street trees in paved urban environments. Landscape and Urban Planning, 134, 157-166, DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.10.013.

34. Pereira J.H. (2015). Analysis of environmental impacts generated by the implementation of high-standard closed subdivisions. 131 f. Dissertation (Master’s) – State University Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho. Engineering College, 70 (in Portuguese with English Summary). Available at: https://repositorio.unesp.br/handle/11449/124503 [Accessed 25 Feb. 2021]

35. Polidoro M., Lollo J.A., Barros V.F. (2011). Environmental impacts of urban sprawl in Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, 5(2), 73-83, DOI: 10.4090/juee.2011.v5n2.073083.

36. Raworth K. (2012). A safe and just space for humanity: can we live within the doughnut? Oxfam Discussion Papers. Available at: http://docserver.ingentaconnect.com/deliver/connect/oxpp/20530234/v8n1/s1.pdf?expires=1572616646&id=0000&titleid=72010399&checksum=DE01ACB2211B58C795BF03FEE644B921 [Access 5 Nov. 2019].

37. Ribeiro J.C.J., Vasconcellos Júnior J.B. (2020). Environmental impact assessment: origin, standardization and (in) effectiveness within the scope of Brazilian environmental licensing processes. International Journal of Environmental Law, XI (25),133-154. (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.1590/1809-4422asoc235r2v2022017.

38. Roedel T., Dias L.O. (2018). Environmental impacts of subdivisions: analysis of simplified environmental studies of normative instruction n. 04 of FUNDEMA, in Brusque – SC. Diffuse Rights Magazine, 70. (in Portuguese with English Sumary).

39. Rotaru C.S., Manciulea, I.; Draghici, C. (2019). Effect of environmental monitoring on the environmental legislative process. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 18 (8), 1843-1847.

40. Santos E.T., Haddad E.A. (2014). Mapping of potential economic losses from flooding points in the city of São Paulo, 2008-2012. Environment and Society, XVII (4), (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.1590/1809-4422ASOC969V1742014.

41. Silveira S.J., Oliveira F.H., Schuch F.S. (2020). Minimum green area for sustainable subdivisions according to the hydrological cycle. Architecture Magazine, 16(1), (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.4013/arq.2020.161.02.

42. Spolidorio P.C.M. (2017). The negotiated allocation of water as a responsive regulation strategy. Journal of Law and Regulation, 3(1), 183-198. (in Portuguese with English Sumary).

43. Stanganini F.N. & Lollo J.A. (2018). The growth of the urban area of São Carlos / SP city between the years 2010 and 2015: the advance of environmental degradation. city. Brazilian Journal of Urban Management, 10 (Suppl. 1), 118-128, (in Portuguese with English Sumary), DOI: 10.1590/2175-3369.010.supl1.ao14.

44. Tamburino L., Baldassare G., Vico G. (2020). Water management for irrigation, crop yield and social attitudes: a socio-agricultural agentbased model to explore a collective action problem, Hydrological Sciences Journal, DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2020.1769103.

45. Tavanti D.R., Barbassa A.P. (2012). Analysis of low-impact and conventional urban developments. Brazilian Journal of Water Resources, 17(4), (in Portuguese with English Sumary), DOI: 10.21168/rbrh.v17n4.p17-28.

46. Tucci C.E.M. (2009). Integrated urban water management in large cities: a practical tool for assessing key water management issues in the large cities of the developing world. Draft paper prepared for World Bank.

47. United Nations (2012). How to build more resilient cities: Guide for Local Public Managers. Available at: https://www.unisdr.org/files/26462_guiagestorespublicosweb.pdf. [Accessed 11 Nov. 2019]. (in Portuguese with English Sumary).

48. Xavier L.Y., Grilli N.M., Carmo A.B., Jacobi P.R., Turra A. (2019). The importance of post-normal science in environmental impact assessments. In: P. R. Jacobi et al., Ed. Post-Normal Science expanding the dialogue with society in the face of contemporary environmental crises, 1st ed. São Paulo: USP School of Public Health, 47-69, (in Portuguese with English Summary), DOI: 10.11606/9788588848375.


For citation:


Fardin S., do Nascimento T., Fardin H. Environmental Consequences Of Urban Expansion: Case Study Of Environmental Licensing Processes In The Municipality Of Governador Valadares. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(1):142-151. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-53

Views: 256


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)