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DISTRIBUTION OF METALS IN PARTICLE SIZE FRACTIONS IN SOILS OF TWO FORESTED CATENAS (SMOLENSK-MOSCOW UPLAND)

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2013-6-2-28-33

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Abstract

The concentrations and distribution of Fe, Ti, Zr, Mn, Cu. Ni, Co, Cr, Pb, and Zn associated with various particle size fractions have been analyzed in soils of two forested catenas located in the middle Protva River basin on the Smolensk-Moscow Upland. The results showed that concentration of metals in a particular size fraction was defined by a complex of factors: element chemical properties, soil type, genesis of a soil horizon, and position in the catena. A clearly defined relationship between the fraction size and metal concentrations was found for Ti and Zr. The highest levels of Ti were found in coarse and medium silt, while Zr had its highest values only in coarse silt and, in some cases, in fine sand. Such metals as Fe, Mn, Co, Cu and Pb had high concentrations in sand, fine silt, and clay fractions depending on a soil type and a genetic horizon. The maximum load of Cr, Zn, and Ni (in the majority of cases) was found in clay fraction. The minimum loads of Fe, Mn, Co, Cu, and Ni were found in the coarse silt fraction. Variation in concentrations of heavy metals differed depending on particle size. For most metals, the variations were decreasing from coarser to finer fractions.
Key words: soils, heavy metals, grain-size fractionation, vertical and lateral distribution patterns

About the Authors

Olga Samonova

Russian Federation
Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia


Elena Aseyeva

Russian Federation
Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia


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For citation:


Samonova O., Aseyeva E. DISTRIBUTION OF METALS IN PARTICLE SIZE FRACTIONS IN SOILS OF TWO FORESTED CATENAS (SMOLENSK-MOSCOW UPLAND). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2013;6(2):28-33. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2013-6-2-28-33

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)