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INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2016-9-4-28-32

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Abstract

All Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were requested to communicate intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) in a clear, transparent and understandable way before the Conference of the Parties (known as COP21) held in Paris in 2015. The Contributions were supposed to be balanced and comprehensive to ensure sustainable development and expected to include finance, technology requires, technology transfer and capacity building aiming at mitigation and adaptation. This research focuses on investigating the INDCs prepared by countries from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), one of the most water-scarce and dry regions in the world. Following a content analysis, this research has found that INDCs from the region have not been able to reflect the desired output. Submissions were also not timely and not sufficiently ahead of time. Many countries were not able to disclose the current status. INDCs can play a significant role by providing objective, timely, and reliable information, which is missing at present in the countries from MENA.

About the Authors

Syed Mahbubur Rahman
Association for Socio-Economic Advancement of Bangladesh (ASEAB); PROGGA: Knowledge for Progress; American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB)
Bangladesh

Bharara, Pabna 6600;

House 6, Main Road 3, Block A, Mirpur 11, Dhaka-1216;

Facuty of Business Administration, House 83/B, Road 4, Kemal Ataturk Avenue, Banani, Dhaka 1213



Mohammad Dulal Miah
College of Economics, Management, and Information Systems, University of Nizwa
Oman
Birkat al Mouz, P.O. Box 33, PC 616


References

1. Benzie, M., Davis, M. and Hoff, H. (2012). Climate change, water and energy in the MENA Region: why a nexus approach is crucial for mitigation and adaptation. SEI-GIZ Programme Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water sector in the MENA Region. Retrieved from the Stockholm Environment Institute website on 27 February 2016, http://www.sei-international.org/

2. Seyfang, G. (2003) ‘Environmental mega-conferences—from Stockholm to Johannesburg and beyond’, Global Environmental Change, 13 (3), pp. 223–228. DOI:10.1016/S0959-3780(03)00006-2

3. Sowers, J. and Weinthal, E. (2010). Climate change adaptation in the Middle East and North Africa: challenges and opportunities. The Dubai Initiative, Working Paper No. 2. Harvard Kennedy School and Dubai School of Government.

4. World Bank. (n.d.). Adaptation to climate change in the Middle East and North Africa Region. Retrieved from the World Bank website on 27 February 2016 http://go.worldbank.org/B0G53VPB00


For citation:


Rahman S.M., Miah M.D. INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2016;9(4):92-100. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2016-9-4-28-32

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)