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LOW FLOW ON THE RIVERS OF THE EUROPEAN PART OF RUSSIA AND ITS HAZARDS

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2016-9-4-9-16

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Abstract

This paper reviews the changes in river flow of the European part of Russia during the low-flow period, characterizing groundwater flow feeding. River flow oscillations were analyzed for winter and summer periods. Statistical analyses of average low flow and the minimum monthly summer and winter discharges for 1946–1977 and 1978–2010 showed significant positive trends for all parameters of low-water period. The greatest increase is observed in the Middle Volga, where low flow has almost doubled.

The low flow discharges increased by up to 50–70 % in the center of the European part of Russia and the Upper Don and its tributaries, ranging from 0 to 30 % for the northern rivers. Despite the low flow increase, the lack of water in 2010 and 2014 caused economic damage. It is shown that the observed hydrological hazards occur as a result of snow melt draughts and water management instability.

About the Authors

Maria B. Kireeva
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, 

Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991



Natalia L. Frolova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, 

Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991



Frank Winde
North-West University
South Africa
School of Basic Sciences - Geography and Environmental Studies,


Roald G. Dzhamalov
Water Problems Institute RAS
Russian Federation
Moscow, Gubkin str., 3, 119333


Ekaterina P. Rets
Water Problems Institute RAS
Russian Federation
Moscow, Gubkin str., 3, 119333


Elena S. Povalishnikova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, 

Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991



Olga M. Pahomova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, 

Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991



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For citation:


Kireeva M.B., Frolova N.L., Winde F., Dzhamalov R.G., Rets E.P., Povalishnikova E.S., Pahomova O.M. LOW FLOW ON THE RIVERS OF THE EUROPEAN PART OF RUSSIA AND ITS HAZARDS. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2016;9(4):33-47. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2016-9-4-9-16

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)