Advanced search


Full Text:


The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the ability of visualization and
simulation techniques to aid and simulate current and future directions in coastal planning.
The process of visualization will interrogate the coastal cities of Portland, Apollo Bay, Anglesea and Hobsons Bay in south-eastern Australian coastal seaboard through a progression of projections and simulated forecasts from 2014 to 2050 to see if a process(s) or methodology could help in planning the future growth of coastal settlements. The analysis uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) associated with planning application software.

About the Authors

Murray Herron
School of Architecture and Built Environment, Deakin University

Phillip B. Roös
School of Architecture and Built Environment, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia & Jacobs
Russian Federation

Chuck Donley
Donley Systems, Colorado Springs
United States

David Jones
School of Architecture and Built Environment


1. AGO (2006). Factors and Methods Workbook: December 2006: For use in Australian greenhouse gas emissions reporting. Australia, Canberra ACT , Australian Greenhouse Office.

2. Al-Kodmany, K. (2001). “Visualization tools and method for participatory planning and design”. Journal of Urban Technology (8): 1–37.

3. Alberti, M. (2005). “The effects of urban patterns on ecosystem function”. International Science Review 28: 168–192.

4. Amir, S. & E. Gidalizon (1990). “Expert based method for the evaluation of visual absorption capacity of the landscape”. Journal of Environment Planning and Management 30: 251–263.

5. Andreinko, G., et al. (2007). “Geovisual analytics for spatial decision support: Setting the research agenda”. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 21 (839–857).

6. Appleton, K. & A. Lovett (2003). “GIS based visualization of rural landscapes defining sufficient realism for environmental decision making”. Landscape and Urban Planning 65: 117–131.

7. Appleton, K. & A. Lovett (2005). “GIS based viusalization of development proposals reactions from planning and related professionals”. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 29: 321–329.

8. Arciniegas, G. (2012). “Spatial decision support for collaborative land use planning workshops”. Landscape and Urban Planning (107): 332–342.

9. Aurambout, J.P., et al. (2013). Simplifying climate change communication: An application of data visulaization at the regional and local scale in Geospatial visualisation. Germany, Berlin, Springer-Verlag.

10. Becker, J. (2004). “Making sustainable development evaluations work”. Sustainable Development 12: 200–211. 11. Berry, R., et al. (2012). “Gauging levels of public acceptance of the use of visualizaton tools

11. in promoting public participation: a case study of wind farm planing in South Wales”. Journal of Environment Planning and Management 55: 229–251.

12. Bishop, I. (1994). The role of visual realism in communicating and understanding spatial change and processes in Visualization in geographic information systems. UK, London, Wiley.

13. Bishop, I. (2013). “Evaluation of data visualization options for policy and decision making in response to climate change”. Environment and Planning 40: 213–233.

14. Bishop, I., et al. (2012). “On line approaches to data delivery and visualisation in landscape planning and management”. International Journal of E Planning Research 1: 31–41.

15. Briousald, H. (2010). “Analysis of Land Use Change: Theoretical and Modelling Approaches”, from, accessed 1 January 2015.

16. Brunckhorst, D. (2005). “Integration research for shaping sustainable regional landscapes”. Journal of Research Practice 1 (2): from, accessed 1 January 2015.

17. Buhmann, E. (2003). Trends in landscape modeling. Proceedings at Anhalt University of Applied Sciences, Germany, Heidelberg, Verlag.

18. Byrd, K. (2011). Tools and methods for evaluating and refining alternative futures for Coastal Ecosystem Management. USA, Virginia, US Geological Survey.

19. Chadwick, G. (1971). A Systems View of Planning. UK, Oxford, Pergamon Press.

20. Curtis, C. (2010). “Planning for sustainable accessibility: Developing tools to aid discussion and decision-making”. Progress in Planning 74: 53–196.

21. Davis, T. & C. Keller (1997). “Modelling and visualizing multiple spatial uncertainties”. Computers and Geosciences 29: 397–408.

22. Dockerty, T., et al. (2006). “Developing scenarios and visualizations to illustrate potential policy and climatic influences on future agricultural landscapes”. Ecosystems and Environments 114: 103–120.

23. Dockerty, T., et al. (2005). “Visualising the potential impacts of climate change on rural landscapes”. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 29: 297–320.

24. Farr, D. (2007). Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design with Nature, UK, London, John Wiley & Son.

25. Few, S. (2007). Data visualization. USA, Berkeley, Perceptualedge.

26. Friedman, V. (2008). “Data Visualization and Infographics”. Graphics. Monday Inspiration, in, accessed 1 January 2015.

27. Garschagen, M. and P. Romero-Lanko (2013) Exploring the relationships between urbanization trends and climate change vulnerability. Climate Change Online 1–16,, accessed 1 January 2015.

28. Girardet, H. (1999). Sustainable cities: A contradiction in terms? In: sustainable cities. UK,London, Earthscan.

29. Google Earth (2014). “Google Earth Anglesea, Victoria, Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

30. Google Earth (2014). “Hobsons Bay, Victoria Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

31. Google Earth (2014). “Anglesea, Victoria, Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

32. Google Earth (2014). “Apollo Bay”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

33. Google Earth (2014). “Hobsons Bay, Victoria Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

34. Google Earth (2014). “Portland, Victoria Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

35. Google Earth (2014). “Portland, Victoria Australia”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

36. Graymore, M. (2008). “Regional sustainability: how useful are current tools for sustainability assessment at the regional scale?” Ecological Economics 67 (362–371).

37. Graymore, M., et al. (2009). “An Index of Regional Sustainability: A GIS-based multiple criteria analysis decision support system for processing sustainability”. Ecological Complexity 6: 453–462.

38. H erron, M. (2012). Portland Urban Design Framework. Australia, Portland.

39. H erron, M. (2013). South Victoria 2012–2050:Are the Settlements Sustainable. International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP). Australia. Brisbane, ISOCARP.

40. H erron, M. (2015 pending). Looking for Sanity in Coastal Planning Deliberations. Geelong, Deakin University, unpublished Ph. D.

41. H oyle, B. (1988). Development dynamics at the port-city interface”, in Hoyle, S.B. et. al. (1998) Revitalising the Waterfront,. UK, Chichester, Belhaven Press.

42. iD Consulting (2014). “Hobson Bay Council”, accessed 1 September 2014.

43. iD Consulting (2014). “Surf Coast Shire”. from http// coast, accessed 1 September 2014.

44. iD Consulting (2014) “Colac-Otway Shire, accessed 1 September 2014.

45. iD Consulting (2014). “Hobson Bay Council”, accessed 1 September 2014. 106 SUSTAINABILITY

46. Lovett, A. (2014). “The when what and how of landscape visualization”. Landscape and Urban Planning.

47. MacIntosh, A. (2012). Coastal Adaptation Planning: a Case Study on Victoria, Australia. Australia, Canberra, ANU Centre for Climate Law and Policy, ANU College of Law.

48. Marshall, R. (2001). “Contemporary urban space-making at the water’s edge” in Marshall R. ed. (2001). Waterfronts in Post-industrial Cities. UK & USA, London and New York, SPON Press.

49. McHarg, I. (1969). Design with Nature. USA, New York, American Museum of Natural History Press.

50. Morse, S., et al. (2001). “Sustainability indicators the problem of integration”. Sustainable Development 9: 1–15.

51. Ness, B., et al. (2007). “Categorizing tools for sustainability assessment”. Ecological Economics 60: 498–508.

52. New South Wales Government (2014). “Sustainability”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

53. P ettit, C., et al. (2011). “Identifying strengths and weaknesses of landscape visualization for effective communication of future alternatives”. Landscape and Urban Planning 100: 231–241.

54. Rees, W. & M. Wackernagel (1996). “Urban ecological footprints: Why cities cannot be sustainable and why they are a key to sustainability”. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 16: 223.

55. Robinson, J., et al. (2006). “Sustainability as a problem of design: Interactive science in the Georgia Basin” Integrated Assessment 6: 165–192.

56. Roös, P. (2013). Visions of the Surf Coast – Changing Landscapes Under Future Climate Effects. International Urban Planning and Environment Society. Sydney, ICMS.

57. Salter, J., et al. (2009). “The digital workshop: Exploring the use of interactive and immersive visualisation tools in participatory planning”. Journal of Environmental Management 90: 2090–2101.

58. Sassen, S. (2001). The Global City: New York, London, Toyko. USA, Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton Press.

59. Satterthwaite, D. (1997). “Sustainable cities or cities that contribute to sustainable development?” Urban Studies 34 (10): 1667–1691.

60. Schroth, O. (2014). “Exploring multidimensional navigation of local climate change response scenarios with Goggle Earth and other visualization media”. Landscape and Urban Planning.

61. Shaw, A., et al. (2009). “Making local future tangible-Synthesizing, downscaling and visualizing climate change scenarios for participatory capacity building”. Global Environment Change 19: 447–463.

62. Thurston, J., et al. (2001). “GIS and visualization”. GIS 2001 Conference & Exposition. 2001.

63. Tress, B. and G. Tress (2003). “Scenario visualization for participatory landscape planning a study from Denmark”. Landscape and Urban Planning 64: 161–178.

64. Unwin, D. (1996). Integration through overlay analysis, in: M. Fischer, H.J. Scholten & D. Unwin, eds. Spatial Analytical Perspectives on GIS. UK, London, Taylor & Francis, 129–38

65. Urban Design Alliance (2008). “Capacity Check Urban design skills appraisal”, from www., accessed 1 September 2014.

66. Van der Knapp, B. & A. Pinder (1992). Revitalising the European waterfront: policy evolution and planning issues: European Port cities in Transition. UK, London, Belhaven Press.

67. Varum, C. & C. Melo (2010). “Directions in scenario planning literature-a review of the past decades”. Futures 42: 355–369.

68. Verburg, P., et al. (2006). “Downscaling of land use change scenarios to assess the dynamics of European landscapes”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 114: 39–56.

69. VicMap (2014). “Map of Victoria”. from, accessed 1 September 2014.

70. Victoria (2007). “Land Use Impact Model”. from Department of Primary Industry, dpi.vic., accessed 1 September 2014.

71. Victoria, (2014). “VIF2014: Victoria components of change”. Department of Planning and Community Development, from; accessed 1 January 2015.

72. V ictoria (2014). Surf Coast Planning Scheme, Australia, Melbourne, Department of Planning and Community Development.

73. Walker, D. (2011). CommunityViz the essential tool for a new generation of planning. USA, Chicago, Planners Press.

74. Wallis, A. (2006). “Sustainability indicators: Is there consensus among stakeholders?” International Journal of Environmental Sustainable Development 5: 287–296.

75. Wallis, A., et al. (2007). “Measuring regional sustainability:lessons to be learned”. International Journal of Environmental Sustainable Development 6: 193–207.

76. Wollenberg, B., et al. (2000). “Using scenarios to make decisions about the future”. Landscape and Urba


For citations:


Views: 1071

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)