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Development And Optimization Of Biological Treatment Of Quarry Waters From Mineral Nitrogen In The Subarctic

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-5

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Abstract

The new concept of bioremediation  of anthropogenic water bodies and quarry wastewaters treatment by phytoextraction and phytotransformation in the Subarctic conditions is presented.  This technology is based on transformating  the man-caused water reservoirs  into nature-like  marsh ecosystems.  At the first stage,  a new patented method for advanced waste treatment using floating bioplate was developed and implemented. After implementing  the bioplate, the concentration of ammonium ions in water decreased by 53-90%, nitrate nitrogen reduced by 15-20%. At the second stage, the floating bioplate technology was modified into the highly efficient purificating marsh ecosystem, which allowed to cover the waterbody  territory to the greatest possible extent. The technology is based on the creation of phytomats enabling in the accelerated mode to form plant blocks of three different types. They are aimed both at local grassing down, and at swamping deep and shallow areas of sediment ponds. In forming phytomats, two soil substitutional substrates (thermovermiculite  and wood sawdust) and regionally-optimized  assortment of 24 plant species are used. The proposed technology does not require energy, chemicals and soil components which are scarce in the region. The predominance of natural ecosystem  processes in the formed phytocenoses allows to achieve maximum efficiency, and the use of available materials contributes to minimizing the costs of creating and maintaining the system. The introduction of this technology and formation of the artificial phytocenosis  with the area of about 30% of the man-caused  reservoirs territory made it possible to increase the efficiency of wastewater treating from mineral nitrogen compounds  by 22%.

About the Authors

Maria V. Korneykova
Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems – Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre.

Apatity.



Vladimir A. Myazin
Russian Academy of Science; Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems – Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre; Saint-Petersburg Scientific-Research Centre of Ecological Safety.

Apatity; Saint-Petersburg.



Lyubov A. Ivanova
Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems – Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre.

Apatity.



Nadezhda V. Fokina
Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems – Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre.

Apatity.



Vera V. Redkina
Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems – Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre.

Apatity.



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For citation:


Korneykova M.V., Myazin V.A., Ivanova L.A., Fokina N.V., Redkina V.V. Development And Optimization Of Biological Treatment Of Quarry Waters From Mineral Nitrogen In The Subarctic. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(2):97-105. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-5

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)