Advanced search


Full Text:


The article considers the main trends in the environmental situation in the New Moscow in connection with the acquisition of capital status and rapid population growth. The New Moscow is the territory annexed to Moscow as part of a large-scale project to expand the territory of Moscow at the expense of the Moscow oblast in July 2012. Under the influence of both hereditary and transformational factors, the situation in Moscow new adjoint area is rapidly deteriorating, and for Moscow in the old borders inherited factors are mostly negative for the formation of the environmental situation, and the transformation is in the direction of slow and gradual improvement.

In Moscow new adjoint area the structure of pollution sources is linked to the postindustrial type of cities (heating systems and other non-industrial sources, vehicles), as the most non-industrial part of the Moscow region was chosen to join the capital. The level of pollution is low, but the environmental efficiency is also low and the level of pollution is growing rapidly. The decline in production and structural changes in industry, as well as the growth of the car fleet, the change in traffic conditions along the roads, led to a change in the territorial proportions in atmospheric pollution in Moscow, both in the old and new boundaries, and the scale of housing construction in Moscow new adjoint area led to a pressure on water sources and changing natural landscapes.

About the Authors

Viktoria R. Bityukova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Ph. D., is Junior Researcher at the Department of Economic and Social Geography of Russia, Faculty of Geography

Natalia A. Koldobskaya
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Ph. D., is Junior Researcher at the Department of Economic and Social Geography of Russia, Faculty of Geography


1. Basic Indicators of Environmental Protection. Statistical bulletin. (2017). Moscow: Federal State Statistics Service. Available at:[Accessed 17 Jul. 2017].

2. Bityukova V. and Argenbright R. (2002). Environmental Pollution in Moscow: A Micro-Level Analysis. Eurasian Geography and Economics,43 (3), pp.197-215. (in Russian with English summary).

3. Bityukova V., Makhrova A., and Sokolova E. (2006). The environmental situation as a factor in the differentiation of housing prices in Moscow. Bulletin of Moscow UniversitySeries 5. Geography, 6, pp. 34-41 (in Russian with English summary).

4. Bityukova V. and Saulskaya T. (2017). Change of anthropogenic impact of industrial zones of Moscow in the post-Soviet period. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5: Geography, pp.23–30 (in Russian with English summary).

5. Bityukova V. and Sokolova E. (2008). On the Brink of Collapse: Moscow’s Tangled Traffic. Osteuropa: Zeitschrift fuer Gegenwartsfragen des Ostens 58 (4-5), pp. 351–358 (in Russian).

6. Bogdanov N. (2015). Environmental and hygienic condition of the urbanized territory in the geographical center of New Moscow.Hygiene and sanitation,1, pp.51-57(in Russian).

7. Büdenbender M. and Zupan D. (2017). The Evolution of Neoliberal Urbanism in Moscow, 1992-2015. Antipode, 49 (2), pp. 294-313 (in Russian).

8. Bukreev Ye. and Korneyev V. (1999). Solid wastes -a secondary resource for industry. Environment and Industry of Russia, 2, pp. 34-41 (in Russian with English summary).

9. Brade I. (2014). Between dacha and up-market residency. View from the West. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Geography, 4: pp. 33–38 (in Russian with English summary).

10. Brade I., Makhrova A., and Nefedova T. (2014). Suburbanization of Moscow’s Urban Region. Confronting Suburbanization. Urban Decentralization in Postsocialist Central and Eastern Europe / Edited by Kiril Stanilov and Ludeˇk Sýkora, Wikey Blackwell, Oxford. Рp. 97-133.

11. Brade I., Makhrova A., Nefedova T., and Treivish A. (2013). Specific Features of Suburbanization in Moscow Agglomerationin the Post-Soviet Era.Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Geography, 2:19-29 (in Russian with English summary).

12. Brade I. and Rudolph R.(2004). Moscow, the global city? The position of the Russian capital within the European system of metropolitan areas. Area, 36, pp.69-80.

13. Comprehensive strategy for solid municipal waste management in the Russian Federation (2013). Edited by Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation. Moscow. Available at: [Accessed 15 Dec. 2017].

14. Data base of indicators for municipalities (2000-2017). Moscow: Federal State Statistics Service. Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar.2018].

15. Data base «Regions of Russia. Daily update.» (2016). Moscow: Federal State Statistics Service. Available at: [Accessed 19 Jul. 2017].

16. Drobnaya L. and Gubonina Z. (2008). Economic efficiency of solid waste recycling. Bulletin of Moscow State Oblast University, 1, pp.90-94 (in Russian).

17. Environmental protection in Russia. Statistical compendium. (2016). Moscow: Federal State Statistics Service. Available at: [Accessed 17 Jul. 2017].

18. Environmental program of JSC «Mosvodokanal» during the period 2017-2019 (2017). Moscow: JSC «Mosvodokanal» Available at: [Accessed 12 Feb. 2018].

19. Generation, use, detoxification, transportation, and distribution of wastes from production and consumption, organized by cities of the Russian Federation (2016). Moscow: Federal Land-Use Supervision Service. Available at: [Accessed 19 Jul. 2017].

20. Golubchikov O. and Makhrova A. (2013). Factors of uneven development of Russian cities. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5: Geography, 2, pp. 54-60(in Russian with English summary). Gorbacheva L. (2009). Foreign experience of garbage incineration. Energy: economy, technology, environment, 7, pp. 49-54 (in Russian).

21. Gunko M., Zotova M., Kashnitskii I., Kladovschikova M., and Koldobskaya N. (2016). Environmental risks in suburbs and areas between settlements: electronic atlas. In. Moscow: Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences. Available at:[Accessed 4 Apr. 2017].

22. Ivashkina I. (2010). Geoecological bases of territorial planning of the city of Moscow. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of candidate of geographical sciences, p. 159 (in Russian).

23. Kangas A. (2013). Governmentalities of Big Moscow: Particularising Neoliberal Statecraft. Geopolitics,18, pp. 299–314.

24. Kasimov N., Kosheleva N., Nikiforova E., and Vlasov D. (2017). Benzo[a]pyrene in urban environments of eastern Moscow: pollution levels and critical loads. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, pp. 2217–2227.

25. Koldobskaya N. (2014). Research of transformation of environmental situation with the help of integral indexes and rating (on the example of the capitals of post-Soviet countries). Regional study, 3(45), pp. 84-91 (in Russian with English summary).

26. Krasnoshchekova N. (2010). Formation of the natural framework in cities’ urban plans. Moscow: Arkhitektura-S, pp. 128-183 (in Russian).

27. Kuricheva Ye. (2014). Territorial transformation of New Moscow under the influence of housing construction. Regional study, 1, pp. 50-61 (in Russian with English summary).

28. Lokoschenko M. and Trifanova A. (2017). Air pollution from Moscow and its changes over the past 60 years, 1957-2017. Monitoring of the state and pollution of the environment: Institute of Global Climate and Environment., pp. 67-81 (in Russian).

29. Lurie I., Baldina E., Prasolova A., Prokhorova E., and Semin V. (2015). Series of maps of environmental-geographical evaluations of the resources of the territories of New Moscow. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5: Geography, 4, pp. 49-58 (in Russian with English summary).

30. Makhrova A. and Tkachenko L. (2013). New Moscow, plans and realities: continuation or change of the vector of development). Environmental planning and management, 1 (14), pp. 37-50 (in Russian with English summary).

31. Nefedova T., Slepukhina I., and Brade I. (2016). Migration Attractiveness of Cities in the Post Soviet Space: A Case Study of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. Regional Research of Russia, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 131–143.

32. Popov A. and Kuricheva E. (2015). Residential construction in 2010-s as a factor of the transformation of the Moscow metropolitan area. Regional Studies, 1:104-116. (in Russian with English summary).

33. Popov A., Saulskaya T., Shatilo D. (2016). The Industrial Zones as а Factor of Ecological Situation and Housing Prices Variation in Moscow. Ecology and Industry of Russia. 20 (2): 32-38 (in Russian with English summary).

34. Revzin G. (2015). How to build a New Moscow. Moscow: KB Strelka, pp. 56-104.

35. Report on the state of the environment in Moscow in 2016 (2017). Moscow: Department of natural resources and environmental protection of Moscow. Available at: [Accessed 14 Feb. 2018].

36. Tishchenko N. (1991). Protection of the atmosphere’s air. Evaluating the composition of harmful substances and their distribution in the air. Moscow: Chemistry, 3, pp. 51-60.

37. Tishkov A. (2014). Strategic resources for the development of New Moscow. Strategic resources and conditions for stable development of the Russian Federation and its regions, edited by Vladimir M. Kotlyakov and Arkadii A. Tishkov. Moscow: Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, pp. 134-143.

For citation:


Views: 103

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)