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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND CONSTRAINTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW TERRITORY OF MOSCOW (SO-CALLED «NEW MOSCOW»)

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2018-11-2-46-62

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Abstract

The article considers the main trends in the environmental situation in the New Moscow in connection with the acquisition of capital status and rapid population growth. The New Moscow is the territory annexed to Moscow as part of a large-scale project to expand the territory of Moscow at the expense of the Moscow oblast in July 2012. Under the influence of both hereditary and transformational factors, the situation in Moscow new adjoint area is rapidly deteriorating, and for Moscow in the old borders inherited factors are mostly negative for the formation of the environmental situation, and the transformation is in the direction of slow and gradual improvement.

In Moscow new adjoint area the structure of pollution sources is linked to the postindustrial type of cities (heating systems and other non-industrial sources, vehicles), as the most non-industrial part of the Moscow region was chosen to join the capital. The level of pollution is low, but the environmental efficiency is also low and the level of pollution is growing rapidly. The decline in production and structural changes in industry, as well as the growth of the car fleet, the change in traffic conditions along the roads, led to a change in the territorial proportions in atmospheric pollution in Moscow, both in the old and new boundaries, and the scale of housing construction in Moscow new adjoint area led to a pressure on water sources and changing natural landscapes.

About the Authors

Viktoria R. Bityukova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Ph. D., is Junior Researcher at the Department of Economic and Social Geography of Russia, Faculty of Geography



Natalia A. Koldobskaya
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Ph. D., is Junior Researcher at the Department of Economic and Social Geography of Russia, Faculty of Geography



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For citation:


Bityukova V.R., Koldobskaya N.A. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND CONSTRAINTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW TERRITORY OF MOSCOW (SO-CALLED «NEW MOSCOW»). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2018;11(2):46-62. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2018-11-2-46-62

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