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14C AGE, STABLE ISOTOPE COMPOSITION AND POLLEN ANALYSIS OF MASSIVE ICE, BOVANENKOVO GAS FIELD, CENTRAL YAMAL PENINSULA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-2-49-70

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Abstract

The origin of the massive ice is important for understanding the Quaternary history of the Yamal region and to predict the occurrence of massive ice, which is important for gas exploration and the development of infrastructure. Massive ice bodies occur in the Bovanenkovo gas field area within sediments such as layers, laccoliths, rods and lenses. Maximal thickness of the tabular ice is 28,5 m; mean thickness is about 8 m. Deposits of the third terrace underlying and overlapping the tabular ice had been formed from 25 ka BP to 20 ka BP, according to 14C dates. Oxygen-isotope values (δ18О) of massive ices are ranged from 12, 49‰ up to -22, 95‰. Deuterium (δD) values vary from -91, 7‰ up to -177, 1‰. Deuterium excess (dexc) changes from 3, 4 to 10, 6‰. Both homogenous and contrast distribution δ18О and (δD) vs. depths in massive ice bodies evidences the segregated and/or infiltrated-segregated manner of ice formation. Pollen, spores and algae spectra from ice are similar to pollen characteristics of modern lacustrine and coastal floodplain sediments in the area. The ingression of cold seawaters on a coastal flood plain caused freezing and ice segregation, with the formation of extensive ice layers under the large but shallow lakes. As a result, syngenetic and genetically heterogeneous ice, such as: segregated, infiltrated-segregated, lake bottom congelation ice etc. was formed.

About the Authors

Yurij K. Vasil’Chuk
Department of Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation


Alla C. Vasil’Chuk
Laboratory of Geoecology of the North, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation


Nadine A. Budantseva
Department of Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation


Julia N. Chizhova
Department of Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation


Wolfgang Papesch
ARC Seibersdorf research GmbH, Abt. Umweltforschung, Seibersdorf, Austria
Russian Federation


Yevgenij Ye. Podborny
Center for Hydro-Ecological Research, St. Petersburg
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Vasil’Chuk Y.K., Vasil’Chuk A.C., Budantseva N.A., Chizhova J.N., Papesch W., Podborny Y.Y. 14C AGE, STABLE ISOTOPE COMPOSITION AND POLLEN ANALYSIS OF MASSIVE ICE, BOVANENKOVO GAS FIELD, CENTRAL YAMAL PENINSULA. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2014;7(2):49-70. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-2-49-70

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