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Daily Variations In Wet Deposition And Washout Rates Of Potentially Toxic Elements In Moscow During Spring Season

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-162

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Abstract

For the first time, the wet deposition and washout rates of soluble forms of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) were estimated in rains during the spring AeroRadCity experiment in Moscow. Rains are an important factor in reducing atmospheric pollution with PTEs in Moscow. Due to the resuspension of contaminated particles of road dust and urban soils, industrial and traffic impact, waste and biomass burning, rainwater is highly enriched in Sb, Pb, Se, Cd, and S, and less enriched in P, Ba, As, W, Mn, Sn, Na, Co, Ni, and Be. Significant wet deposition (μg/m2 per event) and washout rates (μg/m2 per hour) of PTEs were revealed during the public holidays in May which corresponded to the elevated aerosol content due to predominant air advection from southern and south-western regions in this period. During continuous rains, the level of PTEs wet deposition sharply decreases on the second and subsequent days due to the active below-cloud washout of aerosols during the initial precipitation events. We show that the length of the dry period and aerosol content before the onset of rain determines the amount of solid particles in rainwater, which leads to an increase in rainwater pH, and strongly affects wet deposition and washout rates of PTEs of mainly anthropogenic origin (W, Zn, Bi, Cd, Sb, Ni, B, S, K, and Cu). At the same time rainfall intensity contributes to an increase in wet deposition and washout rates of Se, As, B, Cu, Sb, S, Cd, Ba, Rb, and K. The obtained results provide a better understanding of atmospheric deposition processes and can be useful in assessing the urban environmental quality.

About the Authors

Dmitry V. Vlasov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991



Irina D. Eremina
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991



Galina L. Shinkareva
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991



Natalia E. Chubarova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991



Nikolay S. Kasimov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991



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For citation:


Vlasov D.V., Eremina I.D., Shinkareva G.L., Chubarova N.E., Kasimov N.S. Daily Variations In Wet Deposition And Washout Rates Of Potentially Toxic Elements In Moscow During Spring Season. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(1):219-233. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-162

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)