Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Rainfall And Drought Tendencies In Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-124

Full Text:

Abstract

Insufficient rainfall results in water shortage and eventually leads to drought. This research has investigated drought by utilizing standardize precipitation index in monthly mean rainfall data for 30 years from 1988 to 2017 in Rajshahi division, a region in the northwestern part of Bangladesh. Estimated indices have identified that the years 1992, 1994, 2006, and 2012 experienced moderate to severe droughts, and the year 2010 suffered from extreme drought. Non-parametric and linear trend analyses have shown that the number of draughts in the study area has been growing. The study area is thus judged as moving forward to experience more droughts from lack of water due to rainfall deficit, especially during monsoon. This region has already started to experience a shortage of rainwater, approximately 18%, in the monsoon season. This shortage is likely to affect the volume of surface water and thus the groundwater recharging, which would distort irrigation for agriculture in the region. This work would therefore assist in policy-making addressing the watering system of the region to ensure smooth agricultural production.

About the Authors

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun
Bangladesh Army University of Engineering and Technology
Bangladesh

Department of Mathematics

Natore 6431



Syed Mahbubur Rahman
American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB)
Bangladesh

Faculty of Business Administration

Dhaka 1229



Md. Nezam Uddin
University of Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Institute of Environmental Science

Rajshahi 6205



Md. Sultan-Ul-Islam
University of Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Department of Geology and Mining

Rajshahi-6205



Khairul Arifin M. N.
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Malaysia

Geosciences Department, Faculty of Science and Information Technology

32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan



Syed Mustafizur Rahman
University of Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Geophysics Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Rajshahi 6205



References

1. Abramowitz M. and Stegun I.A., (1965). Handbook of mathematical functions Dover Publications. New York, 361.

2. Adhikary S.K., Das S.K., Saha G.C. & Chaki T. (2013). Groundwater drought assessment for Barind irrigation project in Northwestern Bangladesh. In MODSIM2013, 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, December 2013, 2917-2923. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand.

3. Adnan S. (1993). Living without floods: Lessons from the drought of 1992. Research and Advisory Services, Dhaka.

4. Ahammed S.J., Homsi R., Khan N., Shahid S., Shiru M.S., Mohsenipour M. and Yuzir A. (2020). Assessment of changing pattern of crop water stress in Bangladesh. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 22: 4619-4637, DOI: 10.1007/s10668-019-00400-w.

5. Alamgir M., Khan N., Shahid S., Yaseen Z.M., Dewan A., Hassan Q. and Rasheed B. (2020). Evaluating severity–area–frequency (SAF) of seasonal droughts in Bangladesh under climate change scenarios. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 34: 447-464, DOI: 10.1007/s00477-020-01768-2.

6. Alam M.M., Siwar C., Talib B., Mokhtar M., Toriman M. (2012). Climate Change Adaptation Policy in Malaysia: Issues for Agricultural Sector (2012). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(9), 1368-1373, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2941970.

7. Alauddin M. and Sarker M.A.R. (2014). Climate change and farm-level adaptation decisions and strategies in drought-prone and groundwater-depleted areas of Bangladesh: an empirical investigation. Ecological Economics, 106: 204-213, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.07.025.

8. Banglapedia (2014). National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Season retrieved on: 06 Feb 2020.

9. Bari M.F. and Anwar A.H.M.F. (2000). Effects on irrigated agriculture on groundwater quality in Northwestern Bangladesh. Proceeding of integrated water resources management for sustainable development, 1: 19-21.

10. Centre for Environmental and Geographic Information Services (CEGIS). (2013). Vulnerability to Climate Induced Drought Scenario and Impacts (Study Report), Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP II), Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, GoB.

11. Edossa D.C., Woyessa Y.E. & Welderufael W.A. (2014). Analysis of Droughts in the Central Region of South Africa and Their Association with SST Anomalies. International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2014(5), 1-8, 508953, DOI: 10.1155/2014/508953.

12. Edwards D.C. and McKee T.B. (1997). Characteristics of 20th Century drought in the United States at multiple time scales. Atmospheric Science Paper No. 634. Climatology Report No. 97-2.

13. Hayes M.J., Svoboda M.D., Wiihite D.A. & Vanyarkho O.V. (1999). Monitoring the 1996 drought using the standardized precipitation index. Bulletin of the American meteorological society, 80(3), 429-438, DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1999)080<0429:MTDUTS>2.0.CO;2.

14. Heim Jr R.R. (2002). A review of twentieth-century drought indices used in the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83(8), 1149-1166, DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477-83.8.1149.

15. Helsel D.R. and Hirsch R.M. (2002). Statistical methods in water resources (Vol. 323). Reston, VA: US Geological Survey.

16. Hoque M.A.A., Pradhan B. & Ahmed N. (2020). Assessing drought vulnerability using geospatial techniques in northwestern part of Bangladesh. Science of The Total Environment, 705, 135957, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135957.

17. Hossain M. (1990). Natural calamities, instability in production and food policy in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies, 18(1), 33-54.

18. Islam M.R., Jahan C.S., Rahaman M.F. & Mazumder Q.H. (2020). Governance status in water management institutions in Barind Tract, Northwest Bangladesh: an assessment based on stakeholder’s perception. Sustainable Water Resources Management, 6(2), 1-14, DOI:10.1007/s40899-020-00371-1.

19. McKee T.B., Doesken N.J. & Kleist J. (1993, January). The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales. In Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Applied Climatology, 17(22), 179-183.

20. Miyan M.A. (2015). Droughts in Asian least developed countries: vulnerability and sustainability. Weather and Climate Extremes, 7, 8-23, DOI: 10.1016/j.wace.2014.06.003.

21. Nury A.H., Hasan K., Mohammed Erfan K. & Chandra Dey D. (2016). Analysis of spatially and temporally varying precipitation in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 13(3), 15-27, DOI: 10.3233/AJW-160023.

22. Quiring S.M. & Papakryiakou T.N. (2003). An evaluation of agricultural drought indices for the Canadian prairies. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 118(1-2), 49-62, DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1923(03)00072-8.

23. Rahaman K.M., Ahmed F.R.S. & Islam M.N. (2016). Modeling on climate induced drought of north-western region, Bangladesh. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2(1), 45, DOI: 10.1007/s40808-016-0089-7.

24. Rahman M.S. & Islam A.R.M.T. (2019). Are precipitation concentration and intensity changing in Bangladesh overtimes? Analysis of the possible causes of changes in precipitation systems. Science of The Total Environment, 690, 370-387, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.529.

25. Rahman S.M., Rahman S.M., Ali M.S., Mamun M.A. and Uddin M.N. (2020). Estimation of seasonal boundaries using temperature data: a case of northwest part of Bangladesh. Mathematics of Climate and Weather Forecasting, 6(1), 50-62, DOI: 10.1515/mcwf-2020-0102.

26. Shahid S. & Behrawan H. (2008). Drought risk assessment in the western part of Bangladesh. Natural hazards, 46(3), 391-413, DOI:10.1007/s11069-007-9191-5.

27. Shahid S. & Hazarika M.K. (2010). Groundwater drought in the northwestern districts of Bangladesh. Water resources management, 24(10), 1989-2006, DOI: 10.1007/s11269-009-9534-y.

28. Shahid S. (2011). Trends in extreme rainfall events of Bangladesh. Theoretical and applied climatology, 104(3-4), 489-499, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0363-y.

29. Sneyers R. (1990). On the statistical analysis of series of observations. WMO Technical Note (143). World Meteorological Organization, Geneva.

30. Syed M. and Al Amin M. (2016). Geospatial modeling for investigating spatial pattern and change trend of temperature and rainfall. Climate, 4(2), 21, DOI: 10.3390/cli4020021.

31. Uddin M.J., Hu J., Islam A.R.M.T., Eibek K.U. & Nasrin Z.M. (2020). A comprehensive statistical assessment of drought indices to monitor drought status in Bangladesh. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 13, 1-10, DOI: 10.1007/s12517-020-05302-0.

32. Wilhite D.A. and Glantz M.H. (1985). Understanding: the drought phenomenon: the role of definitions. Water international, 10(3), 111120, DOI: 10.1080/02508068508686328.

33. World Bank (2013). World development indicators 2013. Washington D.C.

34. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and Global Water Partnership (GWP) (2016). Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices (M. Svoboda and B.A. Fuchs). Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP), Integrated Drought Management Tools and Guidelines Series 2. Geneva, 52.

35. Yenigun K., Gumus V. and Bulut H. (2008). Trends in streamflow of the Euphrates basin, Turkey. In Proceeding of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Water Management, Thomas Telford Ltd, 161(4), 189-198.

36. Yue S., Pilon P. and Cavadias G. (2002). Power of the Mann-Kendall and Spearman’s rho tests for detecting monotonic trends in hydrological series. Journal of hydrology, 259(1-4): 254-271, DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00594-7.


For citation:


Abdullah Al Mamun M., Mahbubur Rahman S., Nezam Uddin M., Sultan-Ul-Islam M., Arifin M. N. K., Mustafizur Rahman S. Rainfall And Drought Tendencies In Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(1):209-218. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-124

Views: 167


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)