Advanced search

Constituent Entities Of The Russian Federation With Cities Of Over One Million Inhabitants: The State Of And Trends In Their Internal Disparities

Full Text:


Sustainable development in Russia requires work to be done in a number of areas. One of the mechanisms for solving internal problems is to decrease the gaps in the level of socioeconomic development between the country’s regions. This article provides an overview of the current state of the internal disparities in the socioeconomic development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that include cities with a population of over one million.

The constituent entities of the Russian Federation were analyzed in terms of the concentration of their population in the administrative centres. The population concentration ratio for cities of over one million inhabitants and the population polycentricity ratio for the corresponding entities were calculated. The ranking of entities was carried out based on these indicators. An analysis of the “contributions” of cities and peripheral areas to the formation of the gross regional product of the studied entities of the Russian Federation was carried out. The economic concentration ratios of cities with over one million inhabitants were calculated. The relationship of this indicator with the population ratio was established. Based on this, the following categories were identified: entities that are not in danger of a population or economy hyper-concentration in the administrative centre; entities with moderate population concentration in the city of more than one million inhabitants combined with an upward trend in their economic concentration; and entities with a high concentration of the population and economy in the administrative centre and signs of decrease in the population and economic concentration.

About the Author

Tatyana M. Pozdnyakova
Priamursky State University
Russian Federation

70а Shirokayа st., 679100, Birobidzhan


1. Animitsa Ye.G. (2013). The largest Russia’s cities in the context of global urbanization processes. Ars Administrandi, 1, 82–96 (in Russian with English summary).

2. Animitsa P.E., Novikova N.V., Khodus V.V. (2009). Typology as a method for studying the socio-economic development of regions. Bulletin of the Ural State University of Economics, 23 (1), 52-59 (in Russian with English summary).

3. Blochliger H. & Durand-Lasserve O. (2018). The drivers of regional growth in Russia: a baseline model with applications. Working paper OECD for conference «Monitoring the Russian Economy». Moscow 19 October.

4. Blyakhman A.A. (2014). Features of regional development in the modern economic framework in Russia. Regional Science: Policy and Practice, 6(2), 143–152, DOI:10.1111/rsp3.12033.

5. Bukhvald E. M. & Kolchugina A.V. (2019). The spatial development strategy and national security priorities of the Russian Federation. Economy of region, 15(3), 631-643 (in Russia with English summary), DOI: 10.17059/2019-3-1.

6. Carlino G. A. (1978). Economies of Scale in Manufacturing Location. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 343.

7. Chalov S., Sigrist P. & Kolossov V. (2015). International Geographical union conference in Moscow, 17-22 August 2015: Geography, Culture, and Society for our future Earth // GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY, 2, 96-99.

8. Ioffe G.V., Nefedova T.G. (2001). The center and periphery in agriculture of Russia’s regions. Journal for Economic Forecasting, 6, 100-110 (in Russian with English summary).

9. Khlestova K.S. (2017). Transformation of regional economic area in modern Russia: problems and prospects. Universum: Economics and jurisprudence, 1(34). [online] Available at: [Accessed 12 Jan. 2020] (in Russian with English summary).

10. Kuznetsova O.V. Trade-offs of spatial development priorities choice. Economic issues, 2019, 1, 146-157 (in Russia with English summary). Krugman P. (1996). Urban Concentration: The Role of Increasing Returns and Transport Costs. International Regional Science Review, 19, 5–30.

11. Lavrikova Y., Akberdina V. & Mezentseva E. (2017). Strategic guidelines of a megalopolis’s development: New industrialization and ecological tension. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 72(1), 012011, DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/72/1/012011.

12. Lavrikova Yu. G. (2019). Technologies for designing spatial development of an industrial metropolis. Journal of New Economy, 20(2), 85–99 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.29141/2073-1019-2019-20-2-5.

13. Lebedeva E.V. (2015). Prospects of the Samara-Toliatti agglomeration in the framework of the state policy on the development of urban agglomerations in the Russian Federation. Eurasian Union of scientists, 4-12(13), 141-144 (in Russian with English summary).

14. Lyons D.I. (1995). Agglomeration Economies among High-Technology Firms in Advanced Production Areas: The Case of Denver/Boulder. Regional Studies, 29, 265–278.

15. Minakir P.A. (2018). Spatial Development Strategy: A View from the Concepts of Spatial Organization in the Economy. Spatial Economics, 4, 8–20 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.14530/se.2018.4.008-020.

16. Minakir P.A. (2019). Russian Economic Space: Strategic Impasses. Economy of region, 15(4), 967-980 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.17059/2019-4-1.

17. Nefedova T.G. (2008). Russia’s periphery as a socio-economic phenomenon. Regional Studies, 5(20), 14-30 (in Russian with English summary).

18. Nefedova T.G. (2012). Compression and polarization of rural space in Russia / Demoscope Weekly, 2 (507-508). (in Russian with English summary) [online]. Available at: [Accessed at 02 Sep. 2020].

19. Obedkov A.P. (2018). Peculiarities of population placement and current trends in the development of settlement in Russia (in Russian with English summary) [online]. Available at: [Accessed at 03 Sep. 2020].

20. O’Hara D.J. (1977). Location of Firms within a Square Central Business District. Journal of Political Economy, 85, 1189–1207.

21. O’hUallachain B. & Satterthwaite M.A. (1992). Sectoral Growth Patterns at the Metropolitan Level. Journal of Urban Economics, 31, 25–58.

22. Pelyasov A.N. (2014). The distribution of productive forces in the conditions of innovative economy. Modern productive forces, 1, 22-37.

23. Saxenian A.L. (1994). Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press, 226.

24. Sestayo R.L., Gómez Is.N. & Yrigoyen C.Ch. (2017). Entrepreneurship at Regional Level: Temporary and Neighborhood Effects. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 7(4). DOI: 10.1515/erj-2017–0111.

25. Shmidt A.B., Antonyuk V.S. & Francini A. (2016). Urban Agglomerations in Regional Development: Theoretical, Methodological and Applied Aspects. Economy of Region, 12(3), 776–789 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.17059/2016-3-14.

26. Taşan-Kok T. & Baeten G. (2012). Contradictions of neoliberal planning: Cities, policies, and politics / Springer Science & Business Media, 217.

27. Treyvish A.I., Nefedova T.G. (2010). Cities and Rural Areas: State and Relationship in the Space of Russia. Regional Studies, 2 (in Russian with English summary) [online]. Available at: [Accessed at 03 Sep. 2020].

28. Varshavskiy A.E. (2018). Spatial inequality and centripetal movement of the population of Russia: threats to the economic, scientific, technological and national security. Concepts, 1(37), 3–27 (in Russian with English summary).

29. Venables A.J. (1994). Economic Integration and Industrial Agglomeration. Economic and Social Review, 26, 1–17.

30. Zubarevich N.V. (2013). Transformation of Rural Settlement and Rural Service Networks. Russian Academy of Sciences bulletin. Series Geographic, 3, 26-38 (in Russian with English summary).

31. Zubarevich N.V. (2015). Geopolitical priorities in Russia’s regional policy: opportunities and risks. Contrapunkt, 1, 1-11 (in Russian with English summary).

32. Zubarevich N.V. (2019). Inequality in regions of Russia and major cities: what has changed in the 2010s? Social Sciences and modernity, 4, 57-70 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.31857/S086904990005814-7.

33. Zubarevich N.V. & Safronov S.G. (2019). People and Money: Incomes, Consumption, and Financial Behavior of the Population of Russian Regions in 2000–2017. Regional Research of Russia, 4, 359–369 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.1134/S2079970519040129.

34. Zubarevich N.V. & Safronov S.G. (2019). Russia largest cities development in 2010s. Researches of region, 1, 39-51 (in Russian with English summary). DOI: 10.5922/1994-5280-2019-1-4.

35. Zubarevich N.V. (2019). Spatial development Strategy: Priorities and instruments. Economic issues, 1, 135-145 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.32609/0042-8736-2019-1-135-145.


For citations:

Pozdnyakova T.M. Constituent Entities Of The Russian Federation With Cities Of Over One Million Inhabitants: The State Of And Trends In Their Internal Disparities. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(1):152-160.

Views: 320

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)