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Achieving Gender Equality Through Electoral Participation Of Women: A Case Study Of 2005, 2010 And 2015 Assembly Elections In Patna (India)

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United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5 advocates for the promotion of gender equality. It ensures women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in politics. Females have a right to vote in elections, be elected to government office, serve on boards, and make their voices heard in any process that will ultimately affect them, their families, and their communities. Investing women’s right to political participation is a necessary step to achieve global gender equality and democratic governance.

The paper aims to analyze the spatio- temporal participation of women in assembly elections of 2005, 2010 and 2015 in Patna District, to find out association between women’s literacy levels and voting among women in the study area, and to identify motivational and situational constraints of women’s participation in electoral process. For the present study, Patna district has been selected as the study area. The author adopted questionnaire survey and key informant interviews as a means for data collection. The growing participation of women in elections indicates a silent movement of women empowerment. It is found that there is a rising trend in the voting participation of women in the study area. Both literate and illiterate groups are conscious about their voting rights.

About the Authors

Prerna Bharti
Patna University

Department of Geography, B.N College

Patna-800001, Bihar

Debjani Sarkar Ghose
Patna University

Department of Geography, Patna Women’s College

Patna-800001, Bihar


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For citations:

Bharti P., Sarkar Ghose D. Achieving Gender Equality Through Electoral Participation Of Women: A Case Study Of 2005, 2010 And 2015 Assembly Elections In Patna (India). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(1):132-141.

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