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Climatic moisture conditions in the north-west of the Mid-Russian Upland during the Holocene

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This study aimed to reconstruct the climatic moisture conditions of the Mid- Russian Upland through the Holocene. Surface moisture conditions in the study region were inferred from published pollen records from the Klukva peatland, in the north-west of the Mid-Russian Upland. Three climatic indices were derived from previously- published reconstructions of mean annual temperature and precipitation: the Climate Moisture Index, the Aridity Index and the Budyko Dryness Index. A simple modeling approach to reconstruct annual potential evapotranspiration and net radiation was developed and used to estimate the indices for different periods of the Holocene. The moisture indices were compared with independent proxies of climate moisture such as peatland surface wetness, reconstructed from testate amoebae and regional fire activity, reconstructed from charcoal. Results show that the surface moisture conditions in the study region were characterized by large variability. Periods of mild temperature and moderately wet conditions were followed by dry periods, which resulted in significant changes in palaeoenvironments. The method developed for calculation of potential evapotranspiration and indices of surface moisture conditions could be a useful tool for climate reconstructions. Our results demonstrate the detailed and nuanced palaeoclimate data which can be derived from pollen data.

About the Authors

Elena Yu. Novenko
Lomonosov Moscow State University; Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Andrey N. Tsyganov
Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Science; Penza State University
Russian Federation
Moscow; Penza

Kirill V. Babeshko
Penza State University
Russian Federation

Richard J. Payne
Environment and Geography, University of York
United Kingdom
York YO105DD

Jinlin Li
Shenzhen MSU-BIT University
Shenzhen, Guangdong province

Yuri A. Mazei
Lomonosov Moscow State University; Penza State University
Russian Federation
Moscow; Penza

Alexander V. Olchev
Lomonosov Moscow State University; A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation


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For citations:

Novenko E.Yu., Tsyganov A.N., Babeshko K.V., Payne R.J., Li J., Mazei Yu.A., Olchev A.V. Climatic moisture conditions in the north-west of the Mid-Russian Upland during the Holocene. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(4):188-202.

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