Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Mercury Pollution In Snow Cover Around Thermal Power Plants In Cities (Omsk, Kemerovo, Tomsk Regions, Russia)

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-58

Full Text:

Abstract

Although snow cover is studied as an efficient scavenger for atmospheric mercury (Hg), up to now little is known about Hg behaviour in urban snow cover impacted by thermal power plants (TPPs) during the winter heating season. This study is focused on quantification of Hg in the particulate phase in snow cover and estimation of atmospheric particulate Hg (HgP) depositional fluxes around urban TPPs in cities of Omsk, Kemerovo, Yurga, Tomsk (the south part of Western Siberia, Russia) to provide new insight into Hg occurrence in urban snow. The results demonstrate that the mean Hg content in the particulate phase of snow varied from 0.139 to 0.205mg kg-1, possibly depending on thermal power of TPPs and fuel type used. The estimated mean atmospheric HgP depositional fluxes ranged from 6.6 to 73.1 mg km-2 d-1. Around thermal power plants atmospheric HgP depositional flux was controlled by particulate load. Higher Hg contents in the particulate phase of snow and higher atmospheric HgP depositional fluxes observed in relation to the background values, as well as high enrichment factors determined for Hg in the particulate phase of snow relative to the mean Hg content in the Earth’s crust showed that the snow pollution with Hg is of anthropogenic origin. The coexistence of Hg and S observed for the particulate phase of snow indicated the possible presence of mercury sulfide in this phase. The parameters like Hg content in the particulate phase of snow and HgP atmospheric flux can be used as markers for the identification of coal combustion emission sources.

About the Authors

Anna V. Talovskaya
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

School of Earth Sciences and Engineering

30 Lenin Ave., 634050, Tomsk



Egor G. Yazikov
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

School of Earth Sciences and Engineering

30 Lenin Ave., 634050, Tomsk



Nina A. Osipova
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

School of Earth Sciences and Engineering

30 Lenin Ave., 634050, Tomsk



Elena E. Lyapina
Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the RAS
Russian Federation

Laboratory of Physics of Climatic Systems

10/3 Academichesky Ave., 634055, Tomsk



Victoria V. Litay
Siberian Geotechnical Service
Russian Federation
40 Korolev, 630015, Novosibirsk


George Metreveli
University of Koblenz-Landau
Germany

Group of Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Institute for Environmental Sciences

Fortstrasse 7, D-76829 Landau, Germany



Junbeum Kim
University of Technology of Troyes
France

CREIDD Research Centre on Environmental Studies & Sustainability, Department of Humanities, Environment & Information Technology (HETIC)

UMR 6281, France



References

1. Antonova A.M., Vorobev A.V., Vorobev V.A., Dutova E.M., Pokrovskiy V.D. (2019). Modelling distribution of contaminating substances of electric power emissions in the atmosphere on the basis of the SKAT programming complex. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering, 330(6), pp. 174–186.

2. Antonovich V.V., Antokhin P.N., Arshinov M.Y., Belan B.D., Balin Y.S., Davydov D.K., Ivlev G.A., Kozlov A.V., Kozlov V.S., Kokhanenko G.P., Novoselov M.M., Panchenko M.V., Penner I.E., Pestunov D.A., Savkin D.E., Simonenkov D.V., Tolmachev G.N., Fofonov A.V., Chernov D.G., Smargunov V.P., Yausheva E.P., Paris J.-D., Ancellet G., Law K.S., Pelon J., Machida T., and Sasakawa M. (2018). Station for the comprehensive monitoring of the atmosphere at Fonovaya Observatory, West Siberia: Current status and future needs. In: Proc. of SPIE, 24th International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics, Volume 10833. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2504388

3. Arduzov S.I., Osipova N.A., Zaitseva O.P. and Belaya E.V. (2015). Geochemistry of Hg in Siberian coals. In: Proc. of 2d International symposium on mercury in biosphere: Ecological and geochemical approach, held 21–25 September 2015 in Novosibirsk, Russia, pp. 27–31 (in Russian)

4. Baltrėnaitė E., Baltrėnas P., Lietuvninkas A., Šerevičienė V. and Zuokaitė E. (2014). Integrated evaluation of aerogenic pollution by air-transported heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Ni, Zn, Mn and Cu) in the analysis of the main deposit media. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, pp. 299–313.

5. Boutron C.F., Vandal G.M., Fitzgerald W.F. and Ferrari C.P. (1998). A forty year record of mercury in central Greenland snow. Geophysical Research Letters, 25, pp. 3315–3318.

6. Brzezinska-Paudyn A., Van Loon J.C. and Balicki M.R. (1986). Multielement analysis and mercury speciation in atmospheric samples from the Toronto area. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 27, pp. 45–56.

7. Davidson C.I., Bergin M.H., and Kuhn H.D. (1996). The deposition of particles and gases to ice sheets. In: E.R. Wolff, R.C. Bales, ed., Chemical exchange between the atmosphere and polar snow, Berlin: Springer. NATO ASI Series I, 43, pp. 275–306.

8. Douglas T.A., Sturm M., Blum J.D., Polashenski C., Stuefer S., Hiemstra C., Steffen A., Filhol S. and Prevost R. (2017). A pulse of mercury and major ions in snowmelt runoff from a small Arctic Alaska Watershed. Environmental Science & Technology, 51, pp. 11145−11155.

9. Ferrari C.P., Dommergue A., Veysseyre A., Planchon F. and Boutron C.F. (2002). Mercury speciation in the French seasonal snow cover. Science of the Total Environment, 287(1–2), pp. 61–69.

10. Filimonenko E.A., Lyapina E.E., Talovskaya A.V. and Parygina I.A. (2014). Eco-geochemical peculiarities of mercury content in solid residue of snow in the industrial enterprises impacted areas of Tomsk. In: Proc. of SPIE 9292, 20th International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics, Volume 929231. Available at: https:// doi.org/10.1117/12.2075637

11. Filimonova L.M., Parshin A.V., and Bychinskii V.A. (2015) Air pollution assessment in the area of aluminum production by snow geochemical survey. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 40 (10), pp. 691–698.

12. Fitzgerald W.F., Mason R.P., and Vandal G.M. (1991). Atmospheric cycling and air-water exchange of mercury over mid-continental lacustrine regions. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 56, pp. 745–764.

13. Galbreath K.C. and Zygarlicke C.J. (2000). Mercury transformation in coal combustion flue gas. Fuel Processing Technology, 65–66, pp. 289–310.

14. Galitskaya I.V. and Rumyantseva N.A. (2012). Snow-cover contamination in urban territories (Lefortovo district Moscow). Annals Glaciology, 53 (61), pp. 23–26.

15. Gao Y., Yang C., Maa J. and Yinc M. (2018). Characteristics of the trace elements and arsenic, iodine and bromine species in snow in east-central China. Atmospheric Environment, 174, pp.43–53.

16. Gratz L.E. and Keeler G.J. (2011). Sources of mercury in precipitation to Underhill, VT. Atmospheric Environment, 45, pp. 5440–5449.

17. Grebenshchikova V.I., Efimova N.V., and Doroshkov A.A. (2017). Chemical composition of snow and soil in Svirsk city (Irkutsk Region, Pribaikal’e). Environmental Earth Sciences, 76 (20), pp. 712.

18. Grigor’ev N.A. (2009). Distribution of chemical elements in the upper continental crust. Yekaterinburg: UrO RAN (in Russian)

19. Gustaytis M.A., Myagkaya I.N., and Chumbaev A.S. (2018.) Hg in snow cover and snowmelt waters in high-sulfide tailing regions (Ursk tailing dump site, Kemerovo region, Russia). Chemosphere, 202, pp. 446–459.

20. Huang J., Kang S., Guo J., Sillanpaa M., Zhang Q., Qin X., Du W. and Tripathee L. (2014). Mercury distribution and variation on a high-elevation mountain glacier on the northern boundary of the Tibetan Plateau. Atmospheric Environment, 96, pp. 27–36.

21. Kasimov N.S., Kosheleva N.E., Vlasov D.V. and Terskaya E.V. (2012). Geochemistry of snow cover within the eastern district of Moscow. Vestnik Moskovskogo Unviersiteta, Seriya Geografiya. 4, pp. 14–24 (in Russian with English summary)

22. Kim P-R., Han Y-J., Holsen T.M. and Yic S-M. (2012). Atmospheric particulate mercury: Concentrations and size distributions. Atmospheric Environment, 61, pp. 94–102.

23. Lyapina E.E., Golovatskaya E.A., Ippolitov I.I. (2009). Investigation of mercury content in natural objects of West Siberia. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2(1), pp. 1–5.

24. Marusczak N., Larose C., Dommergue D., Yumvihoze E., Lean D., Nedjai R. and Ferrari C. (2011). Total mercury and methylmercury in high altitude surface snow from the French Alps. Sci. Science of the Total Environment, 409, pp. 3949–3954.

25. Nelson S.J., Fernandez I.J., and Kahl J.S. (2010). A review of mercury concentration and deposition in snow in eastern temperate North America. In: Hydrological Processes Special Issue: Eastern Snow Conference, 24 (14), pp. 1971–1980. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7660

26. Nelson S.J., Johnson K.B., Kahl J.S., Haines T.A. and Fernandez I.J. (2007). Mass balances of mercury and nitrogen in burned and unburned forested watersheds at Acadia National Park, Maine, USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 126, pp. 69–80.

27. Osipova N.A., Filimonenko K.A., Talovskaya A.V. and Yazikov E.G. (2015). Geochemical approach to human health risk assessment of inhaled trace elements in the vicinity of industrial enterprises in Tomsk, Russia. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 21, pp. 1664–1685.

28. Pope C.A. and Dockery D.W. (2006). Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: Lines that connect. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 56(6), pp. 709−742.

29. Raputa V.F., Kokovkin V.V., Shuvaeva O.V. and Morozov S.V. (2010). Experimental study and numerical analysis of the pollution in the area of highway according to the snow cover composistion. In: Proc. of International Conference on Energy and Development, Environment and Biomedicine, pp. 104–108.

30. Russian State Standard 12026-76 for Laboratory filter paper. Specifications. Available at: http://meganorm.ru/Data2/1/4294838/4294838884.pdf [Accessed 15 January 2013] (in Russian)

31. Russian State Standard 25543-88. Brown coals, hard coals and anthracites. Classification according to genetic and technological parameters. Available at: http://www.internet-law.ru/gosts/gost/7460 [Accessed 15 July 2018] (in Russian)

32. Russian State Standard for air pollution control. RD 52.04.186-89. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200036406 [Accessed 15 Dec. 2012] (in Russian)

33. Saur E. and Juste C. (1994). Enrichment of trace elements from long-range aerosol transport in sandy podzolic soils of Southwest France. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 73, pp. 235–246.

34. Schroeder W.H. and Munthe J. (1998). Atmospheric mercury an overview. Atmospheric Environment, 32, pp. 809–822.

35. Shevchenko V., Lisitzin A., Vinogradova A. and Stein R. (2003). Heavy metals in aerosols over the seas of the Russian Arctic. Science of the Total Environment, 306 (1–3), pp. 11–25.

36. Siudek P. (2016). Distribution and variability of total mercury in snow cover – a case study from a semi-urban site in Poznan. Poland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, pp. 24316–24326.

37. Siudek P., Falkowska L., Frankowski M. and Siepak J. (2014). An investigation of atmospheric mercury accumulated in the snow cover from the urbanized coastal zone of the Baltic Sea, Poland. Atmospheric Environment, 95, pp. 10–19.

38. Talovskaya A.V., Filimonenko E.A., Osipova N.A., Lyapina E.E. and Yazikov E.G. (2014). Toxic elements (As, Se, Cd, Hg, Pb) and their mineral and technogenic formations in the snow cover in the vicinity of the industrial enterprises of Tomsk. XVIII International Scientific Symposium in Honour of Academician M. A. Usov: PGON2014 IOP Publishing IOP Conference Series of Earth Environment Scicience, Volume 21, 012042. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755e1315/21/1/012042

39. Talovskaya A.V., Filimonenko E.A., Osipova N.A. and Yazikov E.G. (2012). Mercury in dust aerosols in the territory of Tomsk. Safety in Technosphere, 2, pp. 30–34 (in Russian with English summary).

40. Taraškevičius R., Zinkut R., Gedminien L., Stankevičius Z. (2018). Hair geochemical composition of children from Vilnius kindergartens as an indicator of environmental conditions. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 40(5), pp. 1817–1840.

41. Tchounwou P.B., Ayensu W.K., Ninashvili N. and Sutton D. (2003). Review: environmental exposure to mercury and its toxicopathologic implications for public health. Environmental toxicology, 18 (3), pp. 149–175.

42. UNEP. (2013). Global mercury assessment 2013: sources, emissions, releases and environmental transport, UNEP Chemicals Branch, Geneva, Switzerland

43. Wiener J.G., Krabbenhoft D.P., Heinz G.H. and Scheuhammer A.M. (2003). Ecotoxicology of mercury. In: Hoffman DJ, Rattner BA, Burton GA, Cairns JS, ed., Handbook of ecotoxicology, Lewis Publ, Boca Raton, pp. 409–463.

44. Wilhelm S.M. (2001). Mercury in petroleum and natural gas: estimation of emissions from production, processing, and combustion. In: EPA/600/R-01/066 (NTIS PB2001-109026), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington

45. Williamson B.J., Purvis O.W., Mikhailova I.N., Spiro B. and Udachin V. (2008). The lichen transplant methodology in the source apportionment of metal deposition around a copper smelter in the former mining town of Karabash, Russia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 141 (1–3), pp. 227–236.

46. Xu M., Yan R., Zheng C., Qiao Y., Han J. and Sheng C. (2003). Status of trace element emission in a coal combustion process: a review. Fuel Processing Technology, 85, pp. 215– 237.

47. Yanchenko N.I., Slutskii S.L., Baranov A.N. and Verkhoturov V.V. (2015). Dynamics of fluoride atmospheric fallouts in the Baikal region. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 40 (11), pp. 766–771.

48. Zhang Y., Xiu G., Wu X., Moore C.W., Wang J., Cai J., Zhang D., Shi C. and Zhang R. (2013). Characterization of mercury contents in snow and potential sources, Shanghai, China. Science of the Total Environment, 449, pp. 434–442.

49. Zharov Yu.N., Meitov E.S. and Sharova I.G .(1996). Valuable and toxic elements in traded coal of Russia. Handbook. Moscow: Nedra (in Russian)


For citation:


Talovskaya A.V., Yazikov E.G., Osipova N.A., Lyapina E.E., Litay V.V., Metreveli G., Kim J. Mercury Pollution In Snow Cover Around Thermal Power Plants In Cities (Omsk, Kemerovo, Tomsk Regions, Russia). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(4):132-147. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-58

Views: 205


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)