Advanced search

Land-Use Change in New Moscow: First Outcomes after Five Years of Urbanization

Full Text:


Urbanization coincides with remarkable environmental changes, including conversion of natural landscapes into urban. Moscow megapolis is among the largest urbanized areas in Europe. An ambitious New Moscow project expanded the megapolis on extra 1500 km2 of former fallow lands, croplands and forests. The research aimed to monitor land use changes in New Moscow between 1989 and 2016 years. Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 images (30 m spectral resolution) and Sentinel – 2 images (10 m spectral resolution) were analyzed. All the images were collected for the similar summer period (from June to August). The images were preprocessed and classified by Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin in open source QGIS software to derive land cover maps. The following land cover classes were identified: water, built-up areas, bare soils, croplands and forested areas, and the total area covered by each class was estimated. The following land-use change pathways were reported: 1) reduction of the forested areas by 2.5% (almost 2000 ha) between 1989 and 1998; 2) partial reforestation (more than 1000 ha) and abandonment of croplands (more than 3000 ha) between 1998 and 2010 and 3) intensive urbanization (more than 11000 ha) between 2010 and 2016. New build-up areas and infrastructures were constructed on former forested areas and croplands. Although, some uncertainties in the absolute estimates are expected due to the classification errors, the general urbanization trend can be clearly distinguished as a principal outcome after the five years of New Moscow project.

About the Authors

Viacheslav I. Vasenev
People’s Friendship University of Russia
Russian Federation
Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198

Alexey M. Yaroslavtsev
People’s Friendship University of Russia; Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
Russian Federation

Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198; Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Moscow,127550

Ivan I. Vasenev
People’s Friendship University of Russia; Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
Russian Federation

Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198; Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Moscow,127550

Sofiya A. Demina
People’s Friendship University of Russia
Russian Federation
Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198

Elvira A. Dovltetyarova
People’s Friendship University of Russia
Russian Federation
Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198


1. Bityukova V.R., Koldobskaya N.A. (2018). Environmental factors and constrains in the development of the new territory of Moscow (so-called “New Moscow”). Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 11(2), 46-62. DOI: 10.24057/2071-9388-2018-11-2-46-62

2. Bond T., Hughes C. (2013). O-level Biology Challenging Practice Solutions (Yellowreef). London: Yellow reef Limited.

3. Chen L., Huang L., Mendez-Garcıa C., Kuang J., Hua Z., Liu J., and Shu W. (2016). Microbial communities, processes and functions in acid mine drainage ecosystems. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 38, 150–158, DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2016.01.013.

4. Daykovskaya T.S. (2014). Assessment of gully network current state in the New Moscow area. Geomorphology, 4, 39-47, DOI: 10.15356/0435-4281-2014-4-39-47.

5. DeFries R., Pandey D. (2010). Urbanization, the energy ladder and forest transitions in India's emerging economy. Land Use Policy, 27 (2), 130-138, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.07.003.

6. Demina S., Vasenev V., Ivashchenko K., Ananyeva N., Plyushchikov V., Hajiaghayeva R., Dovletyarova E. (2018). Microbial properties of urban soils with different land-use history in New Moscow. Soil Science, 4, 132-140, DOI: 10.21657/tsd.47684.

7. Fallati L., Savini A., Sterlacchini S., Galli P. (2017). Land use and land cover (LULC) of the Republic of the Maldives: first national map and LULC change analysis using remote-sensing data. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189(8), 417, DOI: 10.1007/s10661-017-6120-2.

8. FAO. (2002). Urbanization - Linking Development Across the Changing Landscape. Axel W. Drescher, David Iaquinta, Julio Dávila, Adriana Allen, Fred Kruger and the Comparative Agricultural Development Service (ESAC),

9. FAO. (2006) World reference base for soil resources 2006. World Soil Resources Reports, 103, Rome.

10. FAO. (2009). Population and development review, 35 (4), 837–839.

11. FAO. (2018). FRA team-Lead author Monica Garzuglia. Seventy years of FAO's Global Forest Resources Assessment (1948-2018), Roma, Italy.

12. Foley A.J. et al. (2005). Global consequences of land use. Science 309, 570-574, DOI: 10.1126/science.1111772.

13. Frelinger D. R., Gabriele M. (1999). Remote Sensing Operational Capabilities: Final Report. RAND.

14. Gracey M. (2003). Child health implications of worldwide urbanization. Rev Environ Health, 18(1), 51, DOI: 10.1515/reveh.2003.18.1.51.

15. Hadjimitsis D. G., Papadavid G., Agapiou A., Themistocleous K., Hadjimitsis M. G., Retalis A., Michaelides S., Chrysoulakis N., Toulios L. and Clayton C. R. I. (2010). Atmospheric correction for satellite remotely sensed data intended for agricultural applications: impact on vegetation indices. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 10, pp. 89-95, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-10-89-2010.

16. Henderson-Sellers A., Dickinson R. E., Wilson M. F. (2009) Tropical deforestation: important processes for climate models, Climate change, 13(1), 43-67, DOI: 10.1007/BF00140161.

17. Kalnay E., Cai M. (2003). Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 423 (6939), 528–531, DOI: 10.1038/nature01675.

18. Kolokotroni M., Giannitsaris I. and Watkins R. (2006). The effect of the London urban heat island on building summer cooling demand and night ventilation strategies. Solar Energy, 80. 383-392, DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2005.03.010.

19. Kumar D. (2017). Monitoring and assessment of land use and land cover changes (1977 -2010) in Kamrup district of Assam. India using remote sensing and GIS techniques, 15 (3), 221-239, DOI: 10.15666/aeer/1503_221239.

20. Liang T., Zhang X., Xie H., Wu C., Feng Q., Huang X. and Chen Q. (2008). Toward improved daily snow cover mapping with advanced combination of MODIS and AMSR-E measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 3750–376, DOI: 10.3390/rs5115463.

21. Lurie I.K., Prokhorova E.A., Semin V.N., Sakirkina M.A. (2017). Provision of web-cartographic support for the ecological and geographical assessment of the New Moscow territory development. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta, ser. Geografiya, 5, 49–57 (in Russian).

22. Lyu R., Zhang J., Xu M., Li J. (2018). Impacts of urbanization on ecosystem services and their temporal relations: A case study in Northern Ningxia, China. Land Use Policy, 77, 163-173, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.022.

23. Makhrova A.G., Kirillov P.L. (2018). New Moscow: old and new features of social-economic development. In Old and New Moscow: tends and problems of development. IP Matushkin I.I. Publisher, 89-119.

24. Oke, T.R. (1982). The Energetic Basis of the Urban Heat Island. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 108, 1-24, DOI: 10.1002/qj.49710845502.

25. Privezentseva S.V., Tesler K.I. (2015). Features of Public Transport Availability Organization for Big Cities (on the Example of “New Moscow”). Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 6, 115—123 (In Russian).

26. Romzaykina O., Vasenev V., Andrianova D., Neaman A., Gosse D. (2020). The Effect of Sealing on Soil Carbon Stocks in New Moscow. Springer Geography, 29-36, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16091-3_5.

27. Rysin L.P., Saveleva L.I., Rysin S.L. (2004). Forest monitoring in urbanized areas. Russian journal of ecology, 4, 209-213.

28. Sarrat C., Lemonsu A., Masson V. and Guedalia D. (2006). Impact of urban heat island on regional atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 1743-1758.

29. Shishov L., Voinovich N. (2002). Soils of Moscow Region and Their Use. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Moscow.

30. Sivtsov I.A. (2014). Economic approval behind establishing boundaries and extents of new territories of Moscow city. PhD thesis in economy and land planning, Moscow.

31. SniP II-60-75**. Building codes and regulations. Design standards. Planning and construction of cities, towns and rural settlements.

32. Tan D. S. H., Ang Y., Lim G. S., Ismail M. R. B. and Meier R. (2010). From ‘crypticspecies’ to integrative taxonomy: an iterative process involving DNA sequences, morphol-ogy, and behaviour leads to the resurrection of Sepsis pyrrhosoma (Sepsidae: Diptera). Zoologica Scripta, 39, 51–61, DOI:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00408.x.

33. Turner BL II. (2002). Toward integrated land-change science: Advances in 1.5 decades of sustained international research on land-use and land cover change. Challenges of a Changing Earth. Berlin: Springer, 21–26.

34. U. N., Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/352).

35. Vasilev О.D., Chistov S.V. (2016). The study and mapping of environmental functions of forests in New Moscow. Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij Geodeziya i aehrofotosemka, 60(5), 128–133 (in Russian).

36. Voogt J.A., Oke T.R. (2003). Thermal remote sensing of urban climates. Remote Sensing of Environment, 86, 370–384, DOI: 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00079-8.

37. World Health Organization. (2014). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases. town-planning policy and construction complex of Moscow city.

For citation:

Vasenev V.I., Yaroslavtsev A.M., Vasenev I.I., Demina S.A., Dovltetyarova E.A. Land-Use Change in New Moscow: First Outcomes after Five Years of Urbanization. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(4):24-34.

Views: 70

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)