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GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

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Special issue «Environment change on the Mongolian plateau: atmosphere, forests, soils and water»

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-1411

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Abstract

The Mongolian Plateau forms a part of the Central Asian Plateau and covers an area of approximately 3,200,000 square kilometers in Mongolia and adjacent areas in China and Southern Siberia. It contains one of the world’s largest grassland areas, with the Gobi desert in the south and a transition via steppe and forest steppe to the taiga and mountain tundra in the North (Dulamsuren et al. 2005; Miao et al. 2015). Due to its location, the Plateau's climate is continental and semi-arid to arid, characterized by low precipitation (about 250 mm on average), high potential evapotranspiration (almost 1000 mm on average), large temperature amplitudes, long and harsh winters and recurrent droughts (Dorjgotov 2009; Liu et al. 2019). The Mongolian Plateau mostly drains into the Arctic Ocean basin, including the system of the Selenga River and Lake Baikal, which is not only the world's largest freshwater lake but also a natural heritage of global importance (Kasimov et al. 2017). Hydrologically, parts of the plateau also belong to the Pacific Ocean and Central Asian internal drainage basins.

About the Authors

Daniel Karthe
German-Mongolian Institute for Resources and Technology (GMIT)
Mongolia

2nd Khoroo, Nalaikh District, Ulaanbaatar



Sergey Chalov
Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Moscow


Alexander Gradel
International Forestry Consultancy Gradel
Germany
Bad Oeynhausen


Antonín Kusbach
Mendel University in Brno (MENDELU)
Czech Republic

Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology,

Brno



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For citation:


Karthe D., Chalov S., Gradel A., Kusbach A. Special issue «Environment change on the Mongolian plateau: atmosphere, forests, soils and water». GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(3):60-65. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-1411

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)