Advanced search

Multicentennial Climatic Changes In The Tere-Khol Basin, Southern Siberia, During The Late Holocene

Full Text:


Pollen analysis was carried out on an 80-cm sedimentary section on the shore of Lake Tere-Khol (southeastern Tuva). The section consists of peat overlapping lake loams and covers the last 2800 years. The alternation of dry-wet and cold-warm epochs has been established, and changes in heat and moisture occurred non-simultaneously. The first half of the studied  interval, from 2.8 to 1.35 kyr BP was relatively arid and warmer on average. Against this background, temperature fluctuations occurred: relatively cold intervals 2.8–2.6 and 2.05–1.7  kyr BP and relatively warm 2.6-2.05 and 1.7-1.35  kyr BP. The next time interval 1.35-0.7  kyr BP was relatively humid. Against this background, the temperatures varied from cold 1.35-1.1  kyr BP to relatively warm  1.1–0.7 kyr BP. The last 700 years have been relatively cold with a short warming from 400 to 250 years ago. This period included a relatively dry interval 700–400  years ago and more humid climate in the last 400 years. The established  climate  variability largely corresponds  to other climate reconstructions in the Altai-Sayan  region.  The general  cooling trend corresponds  to an astronomically determined  trend towards  a decrease  in solar radiation  in temperate  latitudes  of the Northern  Hemisphere,  and the centennial  temperature  fluctuations  detected against this background  correspond  well to changes in solar activity  reconstructed  from  14C production  and the concentration  of cosmogenic isotopes  in Greenland  ice.  Against the general  tendency  towards  aridization, alternating  wet and dry phases  correspond well to changes in the activity of the Asian monsoon, established by the oxygen-isotope composition of speleothems in South China.

About the Authors

Olga K. Borisova
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Institute of Geography.


Andrei V. Panin
Russian Academy of Sciences; Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Institute of Geography, RAS.



1. Agatova A.R., Nazarov A.N., Nepop R.K., and Rodnight H. (2012). Holocene glacier fluctuations and climate changes in the southeastern part of the Russian Altai (South Siberia) based on a radiocarbon chronology. Quaternary Science Reviews 43, 74–93.

2. Bezrukova E.V., Belov A.V., Letunova P.P., and Kulagina N.V. (2014). The response of the environment of the Angara-Lena Plateau to global climate change in the Holocene. Russian Geology and Geophysics 55 (4) pp. 463–471.

3. Bezrukova E.V., Letunova P.P., Kulagina N.V., Sharova O.G. (2013). Environment and landscape’s reconstruction of the Priolkhon region based on the data of lacustrine sediments. Evraziya v Kainozoe. Stratigrafiya, Paleoekologiya, Kul’tury, vol. 2, pp. 19–25 (in Russian).

4. Bezrukova E.V., Schetnikov A.A., Kuzmin M.I., Sharova O.G., Kulagina N.V., Letunova P.P., Ivanov E.V., Krainov M.A., Kerber E.V., Filinov I.A., and Levina O.V. (2016). First data on changes in the environment and climate of the zhombolok volcanic district (Eastern Sayan) in the middle-late Holocene. Doklady Akademii nauk 468 (3), pp. 323–327 (in Russian).

5. Blyakharchuk T.A. (2008). Reconstructing the vegetation of forest and alpine-steppe landscapes in the southwestern part of Tuva since the Late Glacial period till the present. Geography and Natural Resources 29 (1), pp. 57–62.

6. Blyakharchuk T.A., Wright H.E., Borodavko P.S., van der Knaap W.O., and Ammann B. (2004). Late-glacial and Holocene vegetational changes on the Ulagan high-mountain plateau, Altai Mountains, southern Siberia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 209, pp. 259–279.

7. Blyakharchuk T.A., Wright H.E., Borodavko P.S., van der Knaap W.O., and Ammann B. (2007). Late Glacial and Holocene vegetational history of the Altai Mountains (southwestern Tuva Republic, Siberia). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 245, pp. 518–534.

8. Blyakharchuk T.A. and Chernova N.A. (2013). Vegetation and climate in the Western Sayan Mts, according to pollen data from Lugovoe Mire as a background for prehistoric cultural change in southern Middle Siberia. Quaternary Science Reviews 75, pp. 22–42.

9. Bolykhovskaya N.S. and Panin A.V. (2008). Dynamics of the vegetation cover in the Tere-Khol depression (southeastern Tuva) in the second half of the Holocene. Palynology: Stratigraphy and geoecology. Proceedings xII All-Russian Palynological Conference, Sept. 29 – Oct. 4, 2008, St. Petersburg, vol. II. VNIGRI, St. Petersburg, pp. 69-75 (in Russian).

10. Bond G., Kromer B., Beer J., Muscheler R., Evans M., Showers W., Hoffmann S., Lotti-Bond R., Hajdas I., and Bonani G. (2001). Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science 294, pp. 2130–2136.

11. Bronk Ramsey C. (2017). Methods for summarizing radiocarbon datasets. Radiocarbon 59 (2), pp.1809–1833.

12. Dirksen V.G., van Geel B., Koulkova M.A., zaitseva G.I., Sementsov A.A., Scott E.M., Cook G.T., van der Plicht J., Lebedeva L.M., Bourova N.D., and Bokovenko N.A. (2007). Chronology of Holocene climate and vegetation changes and their connection to cultural dynamics in Southern Siberia. Radiocarbon 49 (2), pp.1103–1121.

13. Grichuk M.P. (1960). General features of the history of nature of the middle part of the Yenisei and Ob basins and their significance for the Quaternary sediment stratigraphy. In: Materialy po istorii Krasnoyarskogo kraya. Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, pp. 57–64 (in Russian).

14. Grichuk V.P. (1940). Method of treatment of the sediments poor in organic remains for the pollen analysis). Problemy Fizicheskoi Geografii 8, pp. 53–58 (in Russian).

15. Ilyashuk B.P. and Ilyashuk E.A. 2007. Chironomid record of Late Quaternary climatic and environmental changes from two sites in Central Asia ( Tuva Republic, Russia) – local, regional or global causes? Quaternary Science Reviews 26, pp. 705–731.

16. Khotinski N.A. (1977). Holocene of North Eurasia. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian). Koropachinski I.Yu. (1975). Dendroflora of the Altai-Sayan mountain region. Nauka SO, Novosibirsk (in Russian).

17. Mann M.E. and Jones P.D. (2003). Global surface temperatures over the past two millennia, Geophysical Research Letters 30 (15), 1820.

18. Marcott S.A., Shakun J.D., Clark P.U., and Mix A.C. (2013). A Reconstruction of Regional and Global Temperature for the Past 11,300 Years. Science 339, pp. 1198-1201.

19. Mayewski P.A., Rohling E.E., Stager J.C., Karlén W., Maasch K.A., Meeker L.D., Meyerson E.A., Gasse F., van Kreveld S., Holmgren K., Lee-Thorp J., Rosqvist G., Rack F., Staubwasser M., Schneider R.R., and Steig E.J. (2004). Holocene climate variability. Quaternary Research 62 (3), pp. 243–255.

20. Moberg A., Sonechkin D.M., Holmgren K., Datsenko N.M., and Karlén W. (2005). Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data. Nature 433, pp. 613–617.

21. Panin A.V., Bronnikova M.A., Uspenskaya O.N., Arzhantseva I.A., Konstantinov E.A., Koshurnikov A.V., Selezneva E.V., Fuzeina Y.N., and Sheremetskaya E.D. (2012). Doklady Earth Sciences 446 (2), pp. 1204–1210.

22. Reimer P.J., Bard E., Bayliss A., Beck J.W., Blackwell P.G., Bronk Ramsey C., Buck C.E., Cheng H., Edwards R.L., Friedrich M., Grootes P.M., Guilderson T.P., Haflidason H., Hajdas I., Hatté C., Heaton T.J., Hoffmann D.L., Hogg A.G., Hughen K.A., Kaiser K.F., Kromer B., Manning S.W., Niu M., Reimer R.W., Richards D.A., Scott E.M., Southon J.R., Staff R.A., Turney C.S.M., and van der Plicht J. (2013). IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0-50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55, 1869–1887.

23. Reshetova S.A., Ptitsyn A.B., Bezrukova E.V., Panizzo V., Henderson E., Daryin A.V., and Kalugin I.A. (2013). Vegetation of Central Transbaikalia in the Late Glacial and Holocene. Geografiya i Prirodnye Resursy 34 (2), pp. 172–178 (in Russian).

24. Rudaya N., Tarasov P., Dorofeyuk N., Solovieva N., Kalugin I., Andreev A., Daryin A., Diekmann B., Riedel F., Tserendash N., and Wagner M. (2009). Holocene environments and climate in the Mongolian Altai reconstructed from the Hoton-Nur pollen and diatom records: a step towards better understanding climate dynamics in Central Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, pp. 540–554.

25. Rudaya N., Nazarova L., Novenko E., Andreev A., Kalugin I., Daryin A., Babich V., Li H.-C., and Shilov P. (2016). Quantitative reconstructions of mid- to late Holocene climate and vegetation in the northeastern Altai Mountains recorded in lake Teletskoye. Global and Planetary Change 141, pp. 12–24.

26. Sharova O.G., Bezrukova E.V., Letunova P.P., Kulagina N.V., Schetnikov A.A., Filinov I.A., Ivanov E.V., and Levina O.V. (2015). Vegetation and Climate of the Tankhoi Foothill Plain (Lake Baikal Southern Shore) over the Late Glacial and Holocene. Izvestiya Irkutskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya: Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya 11, pp. 86–102 (in Russian).

27. Sobolevskaya K.A. (1950). The vegetation of Tuva. AN SSSR Publ., Novosibirsk, 139 pp. (in Russian).

28. Sokolov S.Ya., Svyazeva O.A., and Kubli V.A. (1977). Distribution of trees and shrubs of the USSR, vol. 1. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).

29. Tarasov P., Dorofeyuk N., and Metel’tseva E. (2000). Holocene vegetation and climate changes in Hoton-Nur basin, northwest Mongolia. Boreas 29 (2), pp. 117–126.

30. Tchebakova N.M., Blyakharchuk T.A., and Parfenova E.I. (2009). Reconstruction and prediction of climate and vegetation change in the Holocene in the Altai-Sayan mountains, Central Asia. Environmental Research Letters 4 (4), 045025.

31. Wang Y., Cheng H., Edwards R.L., He Y., Kong x., An z., Wu J., Kelly M.J., Dykoski C.A., and Li x. (2005). The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science 308, pp. 854–857.

32. Wanner H., Beer J., Bütikofer J., Crowley T.J., Cubasch U., Flückiger J., Goosse H., Grosjean M., Joos F., Kaplan J.O., Küttel M., Müller S.A., Prentice I.C., Solomina O., Stocker T.F., Tarasov P., Wagner M., and Widmann M. (2008). Mid- to Late Holocene climate change: an overview. Quaternary Science Reviews 27 (19-20), pp. 1791–1828.


For citations:

Borisova O.K., Panin A.V. Multicentennial Climatic Changes In The Tere-Khol Basin, Southern Siberia, During The Late Holocene. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(2):148-161.

Views: 600

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)