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Spatial Behavior Of Students And Their Role In Polarized Development: Comparative Studies Of Yaroslavl Oblast And Bavaria

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The article deals with the analysis of student educational  migration and its role in origin of spatial contrasts at the territory of Russian early developed regions. In the paper ongoing processes are considered on the case of Yaroslavl oblast at the intra- and interregional levels and compared to processes abroad on the case of German federal state of Bavaria. The results are based on examination of official statistical data, surveys among students (disclosing their spatial behavior during the study and after degree completion) and  expert interviews   with  university   spokespersons.   Migration bonds of  Yaroslavl universities as well as space-time  features of educational  migration  (average distances, time costs, transportation means) in Yaroslavl oblast and Bavaria are revealed. The study found that educational  migration (together  with other population  mobility types) plays an important  role in spatial  polarization  at the research  territory due to importance  of Yaroslavl as big educational  centre for northern part of Non-Chernozem zone ( Vologda, Arkhangelsk, Kostroma oblasts and Komi Republic). School-leavers  from small cities and countryside come to the regional capital for bachelor ’s degree completion, next they try to go to Moscow, St. Petersburg  or other largest cities not only to get masters’ degree, but also in search of life conditions  improvement. They want to change place of permanent residence and to have a career on perspective labor market.

About the Author

Alexandra V. Starikova
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Institute of Geography.



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For citations:

Starikova A.V. Spatial Behavior Of Students And Their Role In Polarized Development: Comparative Studies Of Yaroslavl Oblast And Bavaria. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(2):18-28.

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