Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Spatial Behavior Of Students And Their Role In Polarized Development: Comparative Studies Of Yaroslavl Oblast And Bavaria

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-49

Full Text:

Abstract

The article deals with the analysis of student educational  migration and its role in origin of spatial contrasts at the territory of Russian early developed regions. In the paper ongoing processes are considered on the case of Yaroslavl oblast at the intra- and interregional levels and compared to processes abroad on the case of German federal state of Bavaria. The results are based on examination of official statistical data, surveys among students (disclosing their spatial behavior during the study and after degree completion) and  expert interviews   with  university   spokespersons.   Migration bonds of  Yaroslavl universities as well as space-time  features of educational  migration  (average distances, time costs, transportation means) in Yaroslavl oblast and Bavaria are revealed. The study found that educational  migration (together  with other population  mobility types) plays an important  role in spatial  polarization  at the research  territory due to importance  of Yaroslavl as big educational  centre for northern part of Non-Chernozem zone ( Vologda, Arkhangelsk, Kostroma oblasts and Komi Republic). School-leavers  from small cities and countryside come to the regional capital for bachelor ’s degree completion, next they try to go to Moscow, St. Petersburg  or other largest cities not only to get masters’ degree, but also in search of life conditions  improvement. They want to change place of permanent residence and to have a career on perspective labor market.

About the Author

Alexandra V. Starikova
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Institute of Geography.

Moscow.




References

1. Böhme М. (2007). Ausbildungsmarkt und Ausbildungsmobilität in Bayern. IAB regional. IAB Bayern. Nr. 01.

2. Cornet F. (2015). Student Mobility in European Higher Education. J. Higher Education and Lifelong Learning, №22, pp. 57–66.

3. Dementieva S. and Giniyatova E. (2012). Educational Migration to the Tomsk Polytechnic University: Mechanisms and Practices of Effective Adaptation. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Economy. Philosophy, Sociology and Cultural Studies, History, vol. 321, №6, pp. 187–190. (in Russian).

4. Erwerbstätige sowie Schüler und Studierende nach Pendlereigenschaften in Bayern 2016. Statistische Berichte. Ergebnisse der 1%-Mikrozensuserhebung 2016, (2017). Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, Fürth. Hägerstrand T. (1970). What about people in regional science? Papers of the Regional Science Association, vol. 24, pp. 7–21.

5. Kashnitsky I., Mkrtchyan N. and Leshukov O. (2016). Interregional Youth Migration in Russia: a Comprehensive Analysis of Demographic Statistical Data. Educational Studies, №3, pp. 169–203.

6. Katrovskiy A. (2003). Territorial Organization of Higher Education in Russia: Monograph. Smolensk: Oikumena. (in Russian).

7. Kelo M., Teichler U. and Wächter B. (eds.) (2006). EURODATA – Student mobility in European higher education. Bonn: Lemmens Verlags-&Mediengesellschaft.

8. Kondakova T. (2017). Features of the Modern Socio-Economic Development of Rural Areas in the Yaroslavl Oblast. Geography and Ecology in the school of the xxI century, №1, pp. 19–29. (in Russian).

9. Kostina E. (2014). Academic Mobility of Students of Higher Education in Russia: a Crosscultural Approach. Philosophy of education, №6(57), pp. 64–76. (in Russian).

10. Meusburger P. (1998). Bildungsgeographie: Wissen und Ausbildung in der räumlichen Dimension. Heidelberg, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

11. Middendorff E., Apolinarski B., Poskowsky J., Kandulla M., Netz N. (2013). Die wirtschaftliche und soziale Lage der Studierenden in Deutschland 2012. 20. Sozialerhebung des Deutschen Studentenwerks, durchgeführt durch das HIS-Institut für Hochschulforschung. Bonn/Berlin.

12. Mkrtchyan N. (2017). The youth migration from small towns in Russia. Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, №1, pp. 225–242.

13. Mkrtchyan N. (2018). Regional Capitals and Their Suburbs in Russia: Net Migration Patterns. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Geography, №6, pp. 26–38. (in Russian).

14. Mkrtchyan N. (2019). Migration in Rural Areas of Russia: Territorial Differences. Population and Economics, №3(1), pp. 39–51.

15. Nefedova T., Treivish A. (2019). Urbanization and Seasonal Deurbanization in Modern Russia. Regional Research of Russia, vol. 9, №1, pp. 1–11.

16. Pismennaya E. (2010). Educational Migration to Russia: Role in Socio-Economic and Demographic Development. Bulletin of higher education institutions. Sociology. Economy. Politics, №1, pp. 76–78. (in Russian).

17. Rödel R. (2010). zugereiste oder Einheimische? Die Herkunft von Erstsemestern an bayerischen Hochschulen. Bayern in zahlen, №12, pp. 561–567.

18. Starikova A. (2017). Educational Migration in Bavaria: Features and Role in the Formation of the Migration Patterns in the Region. Scholarly Papers of V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University. Geography, Geology, vol. 3, №2, pp. 173–185. (in Russian with English summary).

19. Study migration from CIS and Baltic countries: potential and prospects for Russia (2012). Moscow: Fund «Eurasia Heritage». (in Russian).

20. Varshavskaya E. and Chudinovskikh O. (2014). Migration plans of graduates in regional universities of Russia. Herald of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Geography, №3, pp. 36–58. (in Russian).


For citation:


Starikova A.V. Spatial Behavior Of Students And Their Role In Polarized Development: Comparative Studies Of Yaroslavl Oblast And Bavaria. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(2):18-28. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-49

Views: 31


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)