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Interrelation Between Glacier Summer Mass Balance And Runoff In Mountain River Basins

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2018-26

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Abstract

Measurements of summer mass balance Bs, made over the period 1946-2016, on 56 continental glaciers, located in the basins of mountain rivers in 14 countries, were analysed for the purpose of resolving several tasks: (a) constructing physically based interrelations between river flow Wbas and Bs; (b) estimating the representativeness of local measurement of Bs for enhancement of hydrological computations and for control of modelled values Wbas; and (c) use of time series of Bs for the evaluation of norms and extrema of Wbas. Results of the study of the outlined problem serve as the basis for making the transition of local glaciological characteristics to the basin-wide level by using the relationship between runoff and summer balance of glaciers. It includes also analysis and conclusions on the spatial and temporal homogeneity of averaging glaciological mass balance data by the sampling method.

About the Authors

V. Konovalov
Institute of geography, Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Vladimir Konovalov

Moscow


E. Rets
Institute of water problems, Russian Academy of Science
Russian Federation

Ekaterina Rets

Moscow



N. Pimankina
Institute of geography
Kazakhstan

Nina Pimankina

Almaty


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Konovalov V., Rets E., Pimankina N. Interrelation Between Glacier Summer Mass Balance And Runoff In Mountain River Basins. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019;12(1):23-33. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2018-26

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)