Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

HEALTH OF URBAN POPULATION IN MOSCOW AND BEIJING AGGLOMERETIONS

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-4-41-53

Full Text:

Abstract

The paper presents the results obtained under the joint Russian-Chinese RFBR project № 12-05-91175-ГФЕН_а aimed at assessment of the state of the environment and health of the population in urban areas in Russia and China. The paper presents the authors’ approach to a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of the environment on the population
health of urban agglomerations and a method of regional medico-geographical analysis. A series of analytical and synthetic maps was compiled and used for a comparative geographical analysis of medical and environmental situation in Moscow and Beijing – major metropolitan areas with different natural and socio-economic conditions. The paper discusses the influence of the environment on the state of public health and identifies the leading risk factors, both general and specific to each region.

About the Authors

Svetlana M. Malkhazova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Department of Biogeography, Faculty of Geography


Yang Linsheng
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)
Russian Federation


Wang Wuyi
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)
Russian Federation


Dmitry S. Orlov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Department of Biogeography, Faculty of Geography


Natalia V. Shartova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Department of Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography, Faculty of Geography


Li Hairong
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)
Russian Federation


Wang Li
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)
Russian Federation


References

1. Boas M., Feldt-Rasmussen U., Main K.M. (2011) Thyroid effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals // Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. No. 355 (2). P. 240–248.

2. E nvironment and Health (1979). – M.: Nauka – 214 p.

3. E nvironmental Health Indicators for the WHO European Region, WHO (2002).

4. I dentification of risks from exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals at the country level (2014) // World Health Organization. 32 р.

5. I nternational statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. ICD-10. (2003). – M.: Medicine, Vol. 1. – 741 p.

6. M alkhazova, S.M., Koroleva, E.G. (2011) Environment and Human Health: A Training Manual. – M.: Geography Faculty of Moscow State University. – 180 p.

7. M alkhazova, S.M., Semenov, V.Yu, Shartova, N.V., Gurov, A.N. (2010) The population health of the Moscow region: Medico-geographical aspects. GEOS, Moscow – 112 p.

8. M alkhazova, S.M., Shartova, N.V. (2013) Spatial-temporal analysis of the mortality of the population of Moscow region // Geoenvironmental Problems of New Moscow. – Media-Press, Moscow. – pp. 38–43.

9. M alkhazova, S.M., Shartova, N.V., Krainov, V.N., Orlov, D.S. (2012) Spatial-temporal analysis of the mortality of the population for the purpose of environmental monitoring // Problems of Regional Ecology. № 4. pp. 154–160.

10. M edico-Demographic Forecasting: Study Guide (2011) Prokhorov, B.B., Ivanova, E.I., Shmakov, D.I., Shcherbakov, E.M. – M.: MA KS Press. – 360 p.

11. Ngeow Y., Suwanjutha S., Chantarojanasriri T., Wang F., Saniel M., Alejandria M., Hsueh P., Ping-Ing L., Park S., Sohn J., Aziah A., Liu Y., Seto W., Cecilia L., Ngan C., Hadiarto M., Hood A., Cheong Y. (2005) An Asian study on the prevalence of atypical respiratory pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia. Int. Journal of Infectious Diseases. Vol. 9. pp. 144–153.

12. Recommendations WHO on air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide, WHO (2005).

13. Revich, B.A. (2010) Environmental priorities and health: vulnerable areas and populations // Human Ecology. № 7. pp. 3–9.

14. Rushton L., Elliott P. (2003) Evaluating evidence on environmental health risks // British Medical Bulletin. No. 68. Р. 113–128.

15. W ang W.Y., Krafft T. (2008) Urbanization and health-Challenges for China. In M. Exner, G. Klein, A. Rechkemmer, & F. Schmidt (Eds.), Source-Publication Serires of UNU-EHS: Towards Sustainable Global Health. Bonn, Germany. pp. 77–84.

16. W ang Z., Chen H., Zheng Y., Wu K. (2009) Types and Distribution of Plague Natural Foci in China. Beijing: Science Press; 264.

17. Y ang H., Qiao C., Tang X., Chen Y., Xin X., Chen H. (2012) Human infection from avian-like influenza A (H1N1) viruses in pigs, China. Emerg Infect Dis 18. pp. 1144–1146.

18. Zhou H., Wang C., Yang Y., Guo X., Kang C., Chen H., Jin M. (2011) Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in swine herds, People’s Republic of China. Emerg Infect Dis 17. pp. 1757–1759.


For citation:


Malkhazova S.M., Linsheng Y., Wuyi W., Orlov D.S., Shartova N.V., Hairong L., Li W. HEALTH OF URBAN POPULATION IN MOSCOW AND BEIJING AGGLOMERETIONS. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2014;7(4):41-53. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-4-41-53

Views: 242


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)