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The spread of almost all diseases caused by living pathogens is determined primarily by environmental conditions. These pathogens like any other biological objects are the components of the certain natural ecosystems. An essential part of any medico- geographical assessment is the search for links between the spread of diseases and factors of the geographical environment. The role of factors that affect the spread of the natural diseases is unequal. The climatic factor is deemed one of the main determinants for the spread of naturally-determined diseases. This factor manifests itself at all levels of territorial differentiation. The goal of these studies was to identify the natural and climatic suitability of the certain territory for spread of diseases in order to assess the possible influence of the climatic factor on the medico-geographical situation in the context of the regional environment. The objectives are to estimate the role of climatic and weather parameters in the functioning of natural foci inRussia; to assess the natural and climatic suitability of the territory for spread of diseases; and to identify the climatic preconditions of spread of particular climate-dependent infections. In this study, on the example of several climate- depended diseases different approaches to medico-geographical assessment have been implemented and number of new methodological solutions have been proposed.

About the Authors

Svetlana M. Malkhazova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Svetlana M. Malkhazova is Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Biogeography, Faculty of Geography.

Varvara A. Mironova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Department of Biogeography, Faculty of Geography

Dmitry S. Orlov
University of Helsinki
Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research, Faculty of Science

Olga S. Adishcheva
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Department of Biogeography, Faculty of Geography


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