Advanced search


Full Text:


This article describes the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program and indicators for monitoring of implementation and digitalization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) inRussia, especially environmental goals. The authors considered the possibility of integration and identification of the methodological approaches of the socio-economic research to environmental sciences. Paper gives insights into the international framework of the United nations, addreses several relevant indicators to be monitored in a Russian perspective and summarizes shortly the status of the monitoring activities and provide an overview on the main tasks for the upcoming years to reach the sustainable development goals established by the United Nations. The tasks to which the Goals divided are considered in detail. The indicators of Russian statistics that can be used to monitor the implementation of these tasks are determined. It is shown, that more detailed regional analysis and new data is needed in order to quantify the feedbackloops.

About the Authors

Sergey N. Bobylev
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Olga Yu. Chereshnya
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Markku Kulmala
University of Helsinki
Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research

Hanna K. Lappalainen
University of Helsinki; Finnish meteorological Institute; Tuymen State University

Tuukka Petäjä
University of Helsinki; Tuymen State University

Svetlana V. Solov’eva
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Vladimir S. Tikunov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Vladimir S. Tikunov is Professor, D.Sc. in Geography, Head of the Integrated Mapping Laboratory, MSU Faculty of Geography, and Director of the Center of the World Data System for Geography.

Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen
University of Helsinki
Aleksanteri Institute, Department of Social Research


1. Alekseychik P., Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Zaitseva N., Heimann H., Laurila T., Lihavainen H., Asmi E., Arshinov M., Shevchenko V., Makshtas A., Dubtsov S., Mikhailov E., Lapshina E., Kirpotin S., Kurbatova Yu., Ding A., Guo H., Park S., Lavric J.V, Reum F., Panov A., Prokushkin A., and Kulmala M. (2016). Ground-based station network in Arctic and Subarctic Eurasia: an overview. J. Geography Environment Sustainability, 2, pp. 75-88.

2. Arneth A., Harrison S. P., Tsigaridis K., Menon S., Bartlein P. J., Feichter H., Korhola A., Kulmala M., O’Donell D., Schurgers G., Sorvari S., Vesala T., and Zaehle S. (2010). Terrestrial biogeochemical feedbacks in the climate system: from past to future. Nat. Geosci., 3, pp. 525–532, 2010.

3. Baklanov A. (2017). Overview of the European framework for online integrated air quality and meteorology modelling (EuMetChem). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics., doi:10.5194/ acp-special_issue370-preface, 2017.

4. Bulletin Main indicators of environmental protection (2017). Rosstat.

5. Crippa M., Janssens-Maenhout G., Dentener F., Guizzardi D., Sindelarova K., Muntean M., Van Dingenen R. and Granier C. (2015). Forty years of improvements in European air quality: regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, pp. 3825- 3841.

6. Duch B. J., Groh S. E., and Allen D. E. (2001). The Power of Problem-Based Learning. Stylus Publishing, Sterling, VA, U.S.A., 2001.

7. Environmental Protection in Russia (2016). Rosstat.

8. Hari P. and Kulmala M.: Stations for Measuring Ecosystem – Atmosphere Relations (SMEAR II). Boreal Environ. Res., 10, 315–322, 2005.

9. Hari P., Andreae M. O., Kabat P., and Kulmala M. (2009). A comprehensive network of measuring stations to monitor climate change. Boreal Environ. Res., 14, pp. 442–446, 2009.

10. Hari P., Petäjä T., Bäck J., Kerminen V-M., Lappalainen H.K., Vihma T., Laurila T., Viisanen Y., Vesala T., and Kulmala M. (2016). Conceptual design of a measurement network of the global change. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, pp. 1017-1028,, doi:10.5194/acp-16-1017-2016.

11. Hussein T., Löndahl J., Paasonen P., Koivisto A.J., Petäjä T., Hämeri K., and Kulmala M. (2013). Modeling regional deposited dose of submicron aerosol particles. Sci. Tot. Environ., pp. 458- 460, 140-149.

12. Junninen H., Lauri A., Keronen P., Aalto P., Hiltunen V., Hari P. and Kulmala M. (2009). Smart- SMEAR: on-line data exploration and visualization tool for SMEAR stations. Boreal Environ. Res. 14, pp. 447–457, 2009.

13. Kim K.-H., Kabir E., Kabir S. (2015). A review on the human health impact of airborne particulate matter. Environ. International, 74, 136-143.

14. Kulmala M. (2015). China’s choking cocktail. Nature, 526, pp. 497−499.

15. Kulmala M., Nieminen T., Nikandrova A., Lehtipalo K., Manninen H.E., Kajos M.K., Kolari P., Lauri A., Petaja T., Krejci R., Hansson H.C., Swietlicki E., Lindroth A., Christensen T.R., Arneth A., Hari P., Back J., Vesala T., Kerminen V.-M. (2014). CO2-induced terrestrial climate feedback mechanism: From carbon ink to aerosol source and back. Boreal. Env. Res. 19, Suppl. B, p. 122.

16. Kulmala M. (2018). Build a global Earth observatory, Nature (in press).

17. Kulmala M., Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Kerminen V-M., Viisanen Y., Matvienko G., Melnikov V., Baklanov A., Bondur V., Kasimov, N., and Zilitinkevich S. (2016). Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Program: Grant Challenges in the Arctic-boreal context J. Geography Environment Sustainability., 2, pp. 5–18, DOI:, 2016.

18. Kulmala M., Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Kurten T., Kerminen V-M., Viisanen Y., Hari P., Bondur V., Kasimov N., Kotlyakov V., Matvienko G., Baklanov A., Guo H., Ding A., Hansson H-C., and Zilitinkevich S., (2015). Introduction: The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) – multi-disciplinary, multi-scale and multi-component research and capacity building initiative Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 13085-13096, 2015 doi:10.5194/acp-15-13085-2015.

19. Lappalainen H.K., Kulmala M., and Zilitinkewich S. (editors) (2015). Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Plan. Helsinki 2015. ISBN 978-951-51-0587-5 (printed).

20. Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Kujansuu J., Kerminen V., Shvidenko A., Bäck J., Vesala T., Vihma T., De Leeuw G., Lauri A., Ruuskanen T., Lapshin V.B., Zaitseva N., Glezer O., Arshinov M., Spracklen D.V., Arnold S.R., Juhola S., Lihavainen H., Viisanen Y., Chubarova N., Chalov S., Filatov N., Skorokhod A., Elansky N., Dyukarev E., Esau I., Hari P., Kotlyakov V., Kasimov N., Bondur V., Matvienko G., Baklanov A., Mareev E., Troitskaya Y., Ding A., Guo H., Zilitinkevich S., and Kulmala M. (2014). Pan Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) - A research initiative meeting the Grand Challenges of the changing environment of the Northern Pan-Eurasian arctic-boreal areas. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY, 2014; 7(2):13-48. DOI:10.24057/2071-9388-2014-7-2-13-48.

21. Nordic Climate Change Research (2009). NordForsk Policy Briefs 2009-8. Mandag Morgen, 2009.

22. On the activities of Roshydromet in 2015 and tasks for 2016 (final report) (draft) (2016). MNR, Roshydromet. Moscow.

23. Revich B.A. (2011). Waves of heat, air quality and mortality in the European part of Russia in the summer of 2010: the results of the preliminary assessment. Human Ecology, 7.

24. Schuur E.A.G., McGuire A.D., Schädel C., Grosse G., Harden J.W., Hayes D.J., Hugelius G., Koven C.D., Kuhry P., Lawrence D.M., Natali S.M., Olefeldt D., Romanovsky V.E., Schaefer K., Turetsky M.R., Treat C.C. and Vonk J.E. (2015). Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature 520, pp. 171–179.

25. State report «On the state and on the protection of the environment of the Russian Federation in 2015» (2016). Moscow: Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia; NIA-Nature.


For citations:

Bobylev S.N., Chereshnya O.Yu., Kulmala M., Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Solov’eva S.V., Tikunov V.S., Tynkkynen V. INDICATORS FOR DIGITALIZATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PEEX PROGRAM. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2018;11(1):145-156.

Views: 1424

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)