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The study summarizes results on the cryogenic dynamics in the coastal zone. The paper shows that ongoing climate warming and shrinking of ice extent of the Arctic seas triggers both thermogenic and cryogenic processes at the same time. The first group includes thermal abrasion, thermal denudation, degradation of submarine permafrost, and the second one is the syncriogenesis of the new-formed coastal-marine sediments. The first group results in an increase of the retreat rate of coasts, the second results in the islands formation on banks and shallows where the domination of bottom thermal abrasion and deepening of the sea bottom has been taken place previously. Arguments for stamukhas and cryogenesis role in islands formation are presented.

About the Authors

Anatoly V. Gavrilov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
D.Sc. in Geological - Mineralogical Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Laboratory of the geological environment and the relationship of surface and underground waters of the Faculty of Geology

Elena I. Pizhankova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Ph.D. in Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of the geological environment and the relationship of surface and underground waters of the Faculty of Geology


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