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A TOOLBOX FOR SEDIMENT BUDGET RESEARCH IN SMALL CATCHMENTS

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2017-10-4-43-68

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Abstract

Sediment monitoring and assessment remain one of the most challenging tasks in fluvial geomorphology and water quality studies. As a response to various environmental and human disturbance effects, the main sources and pathways of the sediments transported within catchments, especially most pristine small one, may change. The paper discusses state-of-the-art in the sediment budget research for small catchments. We identified nine independent approaches in the sediment transport assessment and applied them in 11 catchments across Eurasia in the framework of an FP – 7 Marie Curie – International Research Staff Exchange Scheme in 2012-2016. These methods were classified as: i) Field-based methods (In-situ monitoring of sediment transport;– Soil morphological methods and dating techniques; Sediment source fingerprinting; Sediment-water discharge relationships), ii) GIS and remote sensing approaches (Riverbed monitoring based on remote sensing/historical maps; parametrization of the channel sediment connectivity; Sediment transport remote sensing modeling), and iii) Numerical approaches (Soil erosion modeling and gully erosion (stochastic and empirical models); channel hydrodynamic modeling). We present the background theory and application examples of all selected methods. Linking fieldbased methods and datasets with numerical approaches, process measurements as well as monitoring can provide enhanced insights into sediment transfer and related water quality impacts. Adopting such integrated and multi-scale approaches in a sediment budget framework might contribute to improved understanding of hydrological and geomorphological responses.

 

About the Authors

S. Chalov
M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
M.S. and Ph.D in Fluvial Processes and Hydrology from Faculty of Geography of Lomonosov


V. Golosov
M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
principal research scientist in Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Fluvial Process, Faculty of Geography Lomonosov Moscow State University (LMSU) and in Department of Landscape Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Enviromentant, Kazan Federal University


A. Tsyplenkov
M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
currently a PhD student at Department of Land Hydrology, Faculty of Geography Lomonosov


Ph. Theuring
SEBA Hydrometrie Gmbh, Kaufbeuren
Germany
Master of Geography with a specialization on mass wasting slope processes from University of Jena


R. Zakerinejad
Isfahan University of Technology
Iran, Islamic Republic of
M.S. and Ph.D. in Natural Resource Engineering and Physics Geography (GIS & RS) from Shiraz University in Iran


M. Märker
Pavia University, Pavia
Italy
researcher, phD


M. Samokhin
M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Faculty of Geography, Department of Land Hydrology,


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For citation:


Chalov S., Golosov V., Tsyplenkov A., Theuring P., Zakerinejad R., Märker M., Samokhin M. A TOOLBOX FOR SEDIMENT BUDGET RESEARCH IN SMALL CATCHMENTS. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2017;10(4):43-68. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2017-10-4-43-68

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