Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE AND HEALTH SECURITY IN CHINA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2010-3-3-42-55

Full Text:

Abstract

China has achieved impressive rapid development over the past 30 years. But China also faces the challenge of environmental change resulting from rapid economic growth and the attendant risks to human health. In this paper we described the environmental change and health risk in China from evident fluctuation of China’s climate, major changes in natural hydrological condition, raw materials and energy demand, changes of disease epidemic pattern related to climate change and ecosystem damage, new health risk raised by rapid urbanization and rural environmental quality degradation. The suggestion and countermeasures were discussed.

About the Authors

Wang Wuyi

China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China


Yang Linsheng

China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101


Li Yonghua

China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101


Li Hairong

China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101


Ye Bixiong

China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101


References

1. Bai, J.H, Wang, Q.G. (2003) Environmental Problems and Countermeasures for Wetlands in

2. China, Research of Soil and Water Conservation, N 10(4), pp. 247–249 (in Chinese).

3. Bellar, T.A., Livhtenberg, J.J., Korner, R.C. (1974) The occurrence of organohalids in

4. chlorinated drinking water. J. AWWA., N 66 (12), pp. 703.

5. Bull, R.J. (1982) Health effect of drinking water disinfectants and disinfection by-products.

6. Environmental Science & Technology, N 16 (10), pp. 554–561.

7. Cantor, K.P., Lynch, C.F., Hildesheim M.E. et al. (1998) Drinking Water Source and Chlorination

8. Byproducts in Lowaé: Risk of Bladder Cancer. Epidemiology, N 9, pp. 21–28.

9. Carhman, R.A., Shalsky, H., Borzcell J.F. (1981) The effect of selected water disinfectant

10. product on testicular DNA metabolism. International Symposium on the Health Effects of

11. Drinking Water Disinfectant and Disinfection By-Products, Chinati, Ohio, April, pp. 53–59.

12. Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention.(2006) Report on Chronic Disease in

13. China, 2006, May(in Chinese).

14. Committee of National Assessment Report on Climate Change. (2007) National Assessment

15. Report on Climate, Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).

16. Ge, Q.S., Zheng, J.Y., Fang, X.Q., Man, Z.M. et al. (2002) Temperature changes of winterhalf-

17. year in eastern China during the past 2000 years, Quaternary Sciences, N 22 (2), pp.

18. –173 (in Chinese).

19. Hao F.H., Chang Y., Ning D.T. (2003) Farmland Resource Faced with Challenge and Its

20. Countermeasures for Sustainable Utilization in China, Environmental Protection, N 4, pp.

21. –33 (in Chinese).

22. Jiao, Y., Qing, Y. (2006) Analysis on Situation, Policy Intervention and Challenge of Malaria

23. Control in China, Chinese Primary Health Care, N 20 (1), pp. 20–22 (in Chinese).

24. Li, S.D. (2000) A Further Study of Issue of Water Resource, Acta Scientiarum Naturalium

25. Universitatis Pekinensis, N 36 (6), pp. 819–823 (in Chinese).

26. Liu, J.Y., Zhang, Z.X., Zhuang, D.F. et al. (2003) A study on the spatial-temporal dynamic

27. changes of land-use and driving forces analyses of China in the 1990s, Geographical

28. Research, N 22 (1), pp. 1–12 (in Chinese).

29. Ministry of health of China. (2004) Planning of key endemic diseases (2004–2010)

30. (in Chinese).

31. Ministry of health of China. (2005) AIDS knowledge and attitudes of Chinese residents and

32. behaviors of study in 2004 (in Chinese).

33. National bureau of statistics of China. (2006, 2005) China Statistical Yearbook, Beijing:

34. China Statistics Press (in Chinese).

35. Qin, D.H. (2004) Climate change sciences into the 21st century: facts, impact and strategies

36. addressing climate change, Science & Technology Review, N 7, pp. 4–7 (in Chinese).

37. Rook, J.J. (1974) Formation of Haloforms during Chlorination of Natural Waters. Water

38. Treatment and Examination, N 23, pp. 234.

39. State Environmental Protection Administration. (2001–2005) The State of Environment in

40. China (in Chinese).

41. State Environmental Protection Administration. (2008, 2007, 2006) The State of Environment

42. in China (in Chinese).

43. Tan, J.G., Yin, B.H., Lin, S.B. et al. (2002) Shanghai heat wave/health warning system,

44. Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology, N 13 (3), pp. 356–63 (in Chinese).

45. Uden, P.C., Miller, J.W. (1983) Chlorinated Acid and Chloral in Drinking Water. J. AWWA.,

46. N 75, pp. 524–527.

47. Wang, S.C. (1999) Achieved by engineering changes in water resources, water to make

48. the 21st century this great article of Water Resources, Groundwater, N 21 (3), pp. 93–98

49. (in Chinese).

50. Xiao, F.J., Xu, L.Y. (2006) Characteristics of Weather and Climate and Main Meteorological

51. Disasters in China in 2005, Meteorological Monthly, N 32 (4), pp. 78–83 (in Chinese).

52. Yan, W., Chi, J.S., Gu, S.C., Tang, X.Z., Chen, Z. (2000) Characteristics and Prevention

53. Countermeasures of Heavy Metal Pollution of Soils (Sediments) in Industrial Areas of the

54. Pearl River Delta, Soil and Environmental Sciences, N 9 (3), pp. 177–182 (in Chinese).

55. Zhang, L.J. (2005) Shocking – 90% groundwater of Chinese cities is polluted, Green-Web,

56. /12/29 (in Chinese).

57. Zhang, S.Q., Jiang, Q.W., Ge, J.H. (2002) Flood disasters on the impact of schistosomiasis,

58. Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control. N l4 (4), pp. 315–317 (in Chinese).

59. Zhao, L. Ma X. (2003) Indoor air pollution and intervention strategies in rural areas, Journal

60. of Preventive Medicine Information, N 19, pp. 261–264 (in Chinese).

61. Zhao, Z.Y. (2002) Concerned about the leakage of contaminated landfill, Guangming Daily,

62. December, 20th, 2002 (in Chinese).


For citation:


Wuyi W., Linsheng Y., Yonghua L., Hairong L., Bixiong Y. THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE AND HEALTH SECURITY IN CHINA. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2010;3(3):42-55. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2010-3-3-42-55

Views: 121


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)