Advanced search

Influence Of Quarantine Measures Against The New Coronavirus Infection Covid-19 On The State Of Black Sea Coastal Waters

Full Text:


The Black Sea is one of the main recreational facilities in Russia subject to a high annual anthropogenic stress. Anthropogenic activity led to high coastal sea waters pollution, eutrophy, and endangered the sea’s self-purification capabilities. The total quarantine introduced on the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar territory associated with the new coronavirus infection COVID-19 pandemic led to a decrease in anthropogenic pressure on coastal ecosystems and provided a unique opportunity to trace the dynamics of the most important hydrochemical indicators of coastal waters in the Tuapse district. The study aimed to characterize the impact of quarantine measures against the coronavirus on the state of coastal waters in the eastern part of the Russian Black Sea. For this, we identified and characterized the hydrochemical indicators and determined the effect of quarantine measures on their dynamics. The study used the standardized methods. The results obtained showed that a decrease in the recreational stress led to a proportional decrease in the pollutants supply to coastal sea waters; with the recreational stress resumption the concentrations of mobile pollutants tended to increase; a proportional relationship was established between biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5 ) and the ammonium nitrogen (NH4+) concentration; the nitrates’ (NO3–) concentration, in the seawater did not depend on the recreational stress degree. In particular, a proportional increase in NH4+ concentration and BOD5 in seawater was detected: in the third quarter of 2019 the concentration of NH4+ and BOD5 amounted to 3.0 mg/dm3 and 8.5 mg/dm3 , and 3.8 mg/dm3 and 7.5 mg/dm3 in the fourth quarter, respectively; in the 2020 samples, a decrease in the NH4+ concentration to 0.8 mg/dm3 in the third and to 1.2 mg/dm3 in the fourth quarter led to a proportional decrease in BOD5 4.5 mg/dm3 and 3.9 mg/dm3 , respectively. Thus, it was shown that the quarantine measures were shown to have a positive effect on the processes of self-purification of coastal sea waters in recreational zones.

About the Authors

Mikael S. Arakelov
Tuapse Branch of Russian State Hydrometeorological University
Russian Federation

4 Morskaya St., Tuapse, 352800

Dmitry A. Lipilin
Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin; Kuban State University
Russian Federation

13 Kalinina St., Krasnodar, 350044,

149 Stavropolskaya St., Krasnodar, 350040

Alina V. Dolgova-Shkhalakhova
Tuapse Branch of Russian State Hydrometeorological University
Russian Federation

4 Morskaya St., Tuapse, 352800


1. Akhsalba A.K. (2018). Chemical composition of atmospheric precipitation in Sukhum, Republic of Abkhazia, Bulletin of the Luhansk National University named after Vladimir Dal, 5 (11), 175-179 (in Russian with English summary).

2. Akhsalba A.K., Ekba Ya.A. (2017). Statistical analysis of the chemical composition of atmospheric precipitation in Sukhum, Republic of Abkhazia. Bulletin of the Krasnodar regional branch of the Russian Geographical Society, Krasnodar regional branch of the All-Russian public organization «Russian Geographical Society». Krasnodar: Platonov Igor, 54-59 (in Russian).

3. Akhsalba A.K., Marandidi S.I. (2021). Dynamics of carbon dioxide and oxygen content in the coastal waters of the Black Sea. Fundamental and applied aspects of geology, geophysics, and geoecology using modern information technologies, Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference, 31-38 (in Russian).

4. Aleynikova A.M., Lipka O.N., Krylenko M.V. (2019). Landscape structure of coastal cliffs of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, Bulletin of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Ecology and life safety, 27, 4, 298–306 (in Russian), DOI: 10.22363/2313-2310-2019-27-4-298-306.

5. Antipceva J., Volkova T., Lipilin D., Yarotskaya E. (2019). Tourist potential of specially protected areas of the Black Sea coast. 14th MEDCOAST Congress on Coastal and Marine Sciences, Engineering, Management, and Conservation, MEDCOAST 2019, 1, 233-240.

6. Arakelov M.S., Akhsalba A.K., Dolgova-Shkhalakhova A.V., Lipilin D.A., Yayli E.A. (2020). Hydrochemical indicators of waters in recreational zones of the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar territory and the Republic of Abkhazia, Advances in current natural sciences, 3, 50–56 (in Russian with English summary), DOI: 10.17513/use.37345.

7. Arakelov M.S., Akhsalba A.K., Gogoberidze G.G., Dolgova-Shkhalakhova A.V., Giba R.Yu., Yaili E.A. (2018). Analysis of geomorphological and geo-ecological condition and natural and anthropogenic risks reducing the resilience of coastal systems in the Eastern part of the Black Sea, Advances in current natural sciences, 12-2, 333-338 (in Russian with English summary).

8. Arakelov M.S., Dolgova-Shkhalakhova A.V., Merzakanov S.A., Akhsalba A.K. (2019). Assessing natural and anthropogenic risks of reducing the stability of coastal systems in the eastern part of the Black Sea in the context of recreational coastal management, Resorts. Service. Tourism, 1(42), 88-94 (in Russian with English summary).

9. Baskakova T.E., Aleksandrova Z.V., Belousova E.F., Dmitrienko V.M., Shevtsova E.A. (2012). Interannual and seasonal variability of hydrochemical indicators of the water in the north-eastern part of the Black Sea, The main problems of fisheries and the protection of fisheries reservoirs of the Azov-Black Sea basin. Collection of scientific papers (2010–2011), Rostov-on-Don: Azov Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries, 41-53 (in Russian with English summary).

10. Chasovnikov V.K., Zhu V.P., Chasovnikova L.A. (2019). Coastal-marine studies of the hydrochemical structure of waters in the monitoring section in the north-eastern part of the Black Sea, Modern problems of hydrometeorology and sustainable development of the Russian Federation, Collection of abstracts of the All-Russian scientific and practical conference, Saint Petersburg: RSHU, 428-429 (in Russian).

11. Dolgova-Shkhalakhova A.V., Arakelov M.S., Akhsalba A.K., Marandidi S.I. (2020). Hydrochemical indicators of the Black Sea waters in the Tuapse district from July to November 2020, Proc. of II Russian-Abkhaz Int. Res Pract. Seminar «the Black Sea coast: ecological guidelines in the present environmental trends – sustainable development in the future», Tuapse, 43-45 (in Russian).

12. Gitsba Ya.V., Ekba Ya.A. (2019). Hydrophysical processes in the Abkhaz Black Sea, Reports of Russian scientific and technical society of radio engineering, electronics, and communication named after A. S. Popov, Proceedings of the International Symposium. Ser. «Scientific International symposia. Engineering ecology», Moscow, 237-242 (in Russian with English summary).

13. Gogoberidze G.G. (2010). Methodology and methods for assessing the marine potential of coastal territories. Doctoral thesis in Economics. Moscow, 553 (in Russian).

14. Gura D.A., Gura A.Y., Volkova T.A., Lipilin DA (2020). Recreational space as a factor of sustainable development of coastal geosystems of the Krasnodar region. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 579(1), 012007, DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/579/1/012007.

15. Korshenko A.N. (2016). Quality of sea waters according to hydrochemical indicators. Annual 2015, Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

16. Korshenko A.N. (2020). Quality of sea waters according to hydrochemical indicators. Annual 2019, Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

17. Kostyleva A.V. (2015). Distribution of dissolved organic carbon in river mouth areas of the Greater Sochi region (north-eastern part of the Black Sea), Oceanology, 55, 2, 200-206 (in Russian), DOI: 10.7868/S0030157415020082.

18. Kosyan R.D., Krylenko M.V. (2019). Modern state and dynamics of the Sea of Azov coasts. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 224, 314- 323. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2019.05.008.

19. Kosyan R.D., Krylenko V.V. (2014). Modern state of the marine accumulative coasts of the Krasnodar territory and the use of them. Moscow: Scientific world, 256 (in Russian).

20. Krylenko M.V., Isupova M.V., Dzaganiya E.V. (2010). Modern morpholithodynamics of estuarine seaside of the river Mzymta (Black Sea coast of Russia), Proceedings of the XXIII international coastal conference «the Doctrine of the development of sea shores: age-old traditions and ideas of modernity». Saint-Petersburg: RSHU, 222-224 (in Russian).

21. Matishov G.G., Stepanyan O.V., Grigorenko K.S., Kharkiv V.M., Povazhny V.V., Soyfer V.G. (2015). Features of the hydro-hydrochemical regime of the Azov and Black seas in 2013, Bulletin of the Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 11, 2, 36-44 (in Russian with English summary).

22. Mironov O.G., Kiryukhina L.N., Kucherenko M.I., Tarkhova E.P. (1975). Self-cleaning in the coastal waters of the Black Sea, Kiev, 143 (in Russian).

23. Ostroumov S.A. (2008). Hydrobionts in the self-purification of waters and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow: MAKS Press, 197 (in Russian).

24., (2020). Environmental impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, [online] The official site of the information agency «RuNews24. ru». Available at: [Accessed July 25, 2021].

25. Sergin S.Ya., Tsai S.N., Magulyan A.O., Zemtsov R.V. (2018). Moderate and subtropical climate types of the Azov-black sea basin, Scientific notes of the Russian state Hydrometeorological University, 51, 58-62 (in Russian with English summary).

26. Temirov D.S., Ibragimov K.Kh., Konstantinidi Kh.A. (2019). Tourist and recreational sphere potential in the context of new goals of the state policy for the region socio-economic development. Krasnodar: Publishing House – South (in Russian).

27. Tserenova M.P., Muzalevsky A.A. (2015). Complex geo-ecological assessment of urbanized territory in the coastal zone. Ecological and economic aspects, Scientific notes of the Russian state Hydrometeorological University, 38, 189-200 (in Russian with English summary).

28. Volkova T.A., Filobok A.A., Belikov M.Yu., Pinchuk D.S., Kalustova I.S. (2016). Sustainable development and vulnerability of coastal geosystems of the Azov-Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar territory, Proc. of the VI Int. Res. and Pract. Conf. «Ecology and nature management: applied aspects», Ufa, 82-89 (in Russian with English summary).

29. Zavyalov P.O., Makkaveev P.N., Konovalov B.V., Osadchiev A.A., Khlebopashev P.V., Pelevin V.V., Grabovsky A.B., Izhitsky A.S., Goncharenko I.V., Soloviev D. M., Polukhin A. A. (2014). Hydrophysical and hydrochemical characteristics of marine waters near the mouths of small rivers of the Russian Black Sea coast, Oceanology, 54(3), 293 (in Russian), DOI: 10.1134/S0001437014030151.


For citations:

Arakelov M.S., Lipilin D.A., Dolgova-Shkhalakhova A.V. Influence Of Quarantine Measures Against The New Coronavirus Infection Covid-19 On The State Of Black Sea Coastal Waters. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(4):199-204.

Views: 326

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)