Advanced search

Areas Of Socio-Geographical Study Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In Russia And The World

Full Text:


The natural and socio-economic characteristics of the territory play a decisive role in the spread of the pandemic of COVID-19. It provoked a restructuring process in practically all fields of the social life. Its main areas were laid before the pandemic, but the changes were sharply accelerated by the pandemic. In analyzing a number of Russian and foreign publications, the authors discuss the main areas and methods of human-geographical study of the development and consequences of the pandemic. The constantly growing flow of publications in this field can be divided into three major parts: studies of the spatial spread of infection on the different stages; analysis of demographic, (geo) political and economic implications of the pandemic, and attempts to forecast the impact of social and technological changes accelerated by it on territorial structures. The authors note in particular that the geopolitical picture of the world with the division of countries into developed and developing, rich and poor, authoritarian and democratic, Eastern and Western, became much less clear. The most obvious geopolitical consequence of the pandemic is the further fragmentation of the political and socio-economic space. Not only state, but often also administrative boundaries have turned into almost insurmountable barriers for people and trade. The COVID crisis has opened new opportunities for a reasonable combination of the concentration of social life in the «archipelago» of large cities and the development of other territories.

About the Authors

Vladimir A. Kolosov
Instiute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Staromonentny per., 29. Moscow 119017

Vladimir S. Tikunov
Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography

Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow 119899

Evgeny N. Eremchenko
Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography

Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow 119899


1. Agnew J. (1994). The Territorial Trap: The Geographical Assumptions of International Relations Theory. Review of International Political Economy, 1(1), 53-80.

2. Agnew J. (2015). Revisiting the Territorial Trap. Nordia Geographical Publications, 44(4), 43-48.

3. Aksenov P. (2020). Hubs are a thing of the past. How the pandemic will change the world’s aviation [online]. Available at: htpps:// [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

4. Analytical commentary [Foundation «Petersburg’s Policy]. [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

5. Banski J., Mazur M. and Kaminska W. (2021). Socioeconomic Conditioning of the Development of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Global Spatial Differentiation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 18(4802).

6. Baunov A. (2020). Revision of borders. What will international relations be like after the pandemic? [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

7. Coronavirus in Russia: death rate in 2020 increased by almost 18% (2021). [online] Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

8. Dagaeva A. (2020). How the pandemic will change aviation in Russia and the world. [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

9. Dokhov R., Topnikov M. (2020). Self-isolation for the rich: who could afford to quarantine [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

10. Filippov A. (2020). Normality and abnormality of the emergency. Russia in global affairs. [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021]. Firsov A. (2021).

11. Chechnya, Dagestan and Ingushetia lead in excess mortality. The media outlook on the COVID-19 epidemic did not coincide with reality [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

12. Ilnitskiy A. (2020). Civilization of space [online]. Available at : [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

13. Karlinsky A. and Kobak D. (2021). The World Mortality Dataset: Tracking excess mortality across countries during the COVID-19 pandemic [online], DOI: 10.1101/2021.01.27.21250604 [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

14. Kolosov V. and Zotova M. (2021). «De-Facto Borders» as a Mirror of Sovereignty. The Case of the Post-Soviet Non-Recognized States, Historical Social Research.

15. Khvostik E. (2020). Vaccination against COVID-19 will destroy corporations, and large cities will be empty [online]. [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

16. KalabikhinaI. Ye., Panin A.N. (2020). Spatial choreography of the coronavirus. Population and Economics, 4(2), 123-152.

17. Kam Wing Chan, Gentile M., Kinossian N., Oakes T. and Young C. (2020). «More-than-viral» Eurasian geographies of the covid-19 pandemic: interconnections, inequalities, and geopolitics, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 61(4-5), 343-361.

18. Koltsova E.M., Kurkina E.S., Vasetsky A.M. (2020). Mathematical modeling of the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic in a number of European, Asian countries, Israel and Russia. Problems of Economics and Legal Practice, 2, 154-165.

19. Krzysztofik R., Kantor-Pietraga I. and Spórna T. (2020). Spatial and functional dimensions of the COVID-19 epidemic in Poland, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 61(4-5), 573-586.

20. Lieven A. (2020). Coronavirus as a mirror: what we see. Russia in global affairs [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

21. Makhrova A.G., Nefedova T.G. Can the COVID-19 pandemic stimulate sub- and de-urbanization in Russia? Vestnik Mosk. Universiteta, ser. 5, Geografia. 2021.

22. Mallapaty S. (2020). What the cruise-ship outbreaks reveal about COVID-19. Nature, 580(7801), 18.

23. Mionel V., Neguț S. and Mionel O. (2020). Pandemopolitics. How a public health problem become a geopolitical and geoeconomic issue, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 61(4-5), 389-403.

24. Society and pandemic. Experience and lessons of the fight against COVID-19 in Russia. Moscow: 2020, 744. [in Russian].

25. Panin A.N., Rylsky I.A., Tikunov V.S. (2021). Spatial patterns of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and the world: spatial and cartographic analysis, Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Series 5, Geography, 1, 62-77.

26. Post-Pandemic World Economy: UN Calls for Global Consolidation (2021). [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

27. Ryazantsev S.V., Anghe (2020). COVID-19 epidemic in China: socio-demographic aspects, Scientific Review, Series 1, Economics and Law, 3, 156-165.

28. Rushton S., Mautner A.J. (1955). The deterministic model of a simplt epidemic for more than one community. Biometrika, 42, 126-132.

29. Šantić D. and Antić M. (2020). Serbia in the time of COVID-19: between «corona diplomacy», tough measures and migration management, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 61 (4-5), 546-558.

30. Shabalina N.V., Tikunova I.N. Modern processes and phenomena in the international tourist market. In: Kolosov V.A. and Sluka N.A., eds. Geography of the World Economy: Traditions, Modernity, Prospects. Moscow-Smolensk: Oikumena, 2016, 230-246 [in Russian].

31. Sobol M. (2021). Extend the dacha amnesty: Rosreestr intends to simplify the registration of land rights [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].

32. Tikunov V.S. (1981). Imitation of spatial development of phenomena on the example of the gravitational model of the spread of epidemics and their mapping. Geodesy, cartography and aerial photography. Issue 33. Lvov, Vishcha shkola, 104-110. [in Russian].

33. Tikunov V.S. (1997). Modelling in cartography. Moscow University Publ. House, 405.

34. Wassenberg B. (2020). The Schengen Crisis and the End of the Myth of «Europe Without Borders», Borders in Globalization Review, 1(2), 30-39.

35. Więckowski M. (2020). Can a pandemic stop or slow the Anthropocene? Geographia Polonica, 93(4), 473-492.

36. Zyryanov A.I., Balaban M.O., Zyryanov G.A. (2020). Geography of coronavirus and issues of tourism, Geography and Tourism, 2, 5-17.

37. Zuenko I. (2020). Without Chinese. How the pandemic is changing agriculture in the Far East [online]. Available at: [Accessed on 30 July 2021].


For citations:

Kolosov V.A., Tikunov V.S., Eremchenko E.N. Areas Of Socio-Geographical Study Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In Russia And The World. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(4):109-116.

Views: 369

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)