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Hydrological Conditions Of Drained Lake Basins Of The Anadyr Lowland Under Changing Climatic Conditions

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-030

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Abstract

The lakes of the Arctic lowlands are both the unique indicator and the result of climatic and permafrost changes. Remote sensing methods and field measurements were used to consider the patterns and features of the morphometric indicators dynamics of the Anadyr lowland lakes over 65 years. We analyzed the parameters of 36 lakes with an area of 0.02–0.3 km2 located in the bottoms of drained lake basins, in river floodplains, on sea-shore terraces. Field studies were conducted on 22 typical lakes. The considered dynamics of seasonal thawing are based on the monitoring of the active layer for 1994–2020. Due to an increase of mean annual air temperature by 1.8 °C, as well as an increase and then a decrease in the mean annual precipitation by 135 mm, the average share of a lake area in the study area decreased by 24%. It is shown for the first time that cryogenic processes of the lacustrine coastal zone affect the change in the area of lakes simultaneously with the influence of precipitation and air temperature. Based on field observations, we considered two causes of natural drainage: discharge of the lakes through newly formed thermokarst and thermoerosional surface flow channels and decrease in suprapermafrost groundwater recharge as a result of changing depth of seasonally thawed active layer in the coastal zone.

About the Authors

Оleg D. Tregubov
North-Eastern Interdisciplinary Scientific Research Institute N.A. Shilo FEB RAS
Russian Federation

16 Portovaya St., 685000, Magadan



Vladimir E. Glotov
North-Eastern Interdisciplinary Scientific Research Institute N.A. Shilo FEB RAS
Russian Federation

16 Portovaya St., 685000, Magadan



Pavel Ya. Konstantinov
Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS
Russian Federation

36 Merzlotnaya St., 677010, Yakutsk



Vladimir V. Shamov
Pacific Geographical Institute FEB RAS; Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS
Russian Federation

Radio 7, 690041, Vladivostok,

36 Merzlotnaya St., 677010, Yakutsk



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For citations:


Tregubov О.D., Glotov V.E., Konstantinov P.Y., Shamov V.V. Hydrological Conditions Of Drained Lake Basins Of The Anadyr Lowland Under Changing Climatic Conditions. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(4):41-54. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-030

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)