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Coastal Erosion And Tourism: The Case Of The Distribution Of Tourist Accommodations And Their Daily Rates

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-018

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Abstract

Beaches are key territories for tourist development but at risk of impacts of climate change—specifically with the consequent intensification of coastal erosion. This study examines the effects of coastal erosion on the distribution of lodging facilities and the value of daily rates practiced on the beaches of Tabuba and Cumbuco on the northeast coast of Brazil. The methodology comprises collecting information on the means of accommodation (distribution and daily rate), quantifying coastline variation and measuring the field to validate data. A total of 13.9 km of coastline were analyzed; erosion tendency was observed in 26.8% of the coast (9.0% erosion, 14.4% intense erosion, and 3.4% severe erosion). With the highest erosion rates, Tabuba's Beach has a low density in accommodation distribution and daily rates practiced in tourism. Cumbuco's Beach, conversely, has a lower risk of erosion, and the means of accommodation are concentrated. Coastal erosion has affected tourism development in Caucaia, influencing the choice of tourism accommodation entrepreneurs. the results indicate that there is a clear concentration of tourist accommodations in areas without notorious problems with coastal erosion, influencing in the distribution of tourist facilities and their daily rates. So, there is a direct connection does exist between local tourism system income and the beaches with problems with coastal erosion.

About the Authors

Davis P. de Paula
Ceara State University (UECE)/Postgraduate Program in Geography (PROPGEO)/ Laboratory of Coastal and Oceanic Geology and Geomorphology (LGCO)
Brazil

Campus do Itaperi, 60.714-903, Fortaleza-CE



Jailson C. Lima
Ceara State University (UECE)/Postgraduate Program in Geography (PROPGEO)/ Laboratory of Coastal and Oceanic Geology and Geomorphology (LGCO)
Brazil

Campus do Itaperi, 60.714-903, Fortaleza-CE



Eduardo L. Barros
Environment Chief-Scientist Program (FUNCAP)/Ceara Environment Secretariat (SEMA)
Brazil

LGCO, Campus do Itaperi, 60.714-903, Fortaleza-CE



Jader de O. Santos
Ceara Federal University (UFC)/Postgraduate Program in Geography (POSGEO) and PRODEMA/
Brazil

Campus do Pici, 60455-760, Fortaleza-CE



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For citation:


de Paula D., Lima J., Barros E., Santos J. Coastal Erosion And Tourism: The Case Of The Distribution Of Tourist Accommodations And Their Daily Rates. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(3):110-120. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-018

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)