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Tourism Industry Impacts On Spatial Inequality In The Dead Sea Region

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-216

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Abstract

This research examines the impact of the tourism industry on spatial inequality in the Dead Sea region in terms of income, employment and changes in urban forms. The research assumes that this inequality results from the Dead Sea Development Zone (DSDZ) creation and focuses on the local level of urban analysis with the case study of a small Jordanian village Sweimeh, Quantitative data is used in this study for exploring these changes, uncovering persistent and obvious patterns of land use and exhibiting perspectives for the landscape, while satellite images offer extensive advantages over verified maps. The qualitative analysis combines field observations, a structured questionnaire survey with 270 randomly selected households and semi-structured interviews with 30 purposively selected participants. The results of the research showed that the DSDZ creates spatial inequality between the hotel touristic district and the village due to the high level of place-based development differences associated with urban characteristics, such as infrastructure and services provision. The results revealed that there has been a notable increase in population and area of Sweimeh as well as the locals' income. The population doubled from 2054 in 1994 to 4448 in 2019, the area has increased from 0.15 km2 to 4.40 km2, and the share of jobs in the tourism sector and businesses in the village jumped from 10% to 50% in the same period. This study is important since urbanization and spatial management programs received little attention in the DSDZ development agendas. At the academic level, the findings of this research help to establish an assessment tool for testing the socio-economic impact of tourism development on disadvantaged local communities

About the Authors

Raed Al Tal
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Jordan

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Tala Mukheimer
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Jordan

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Rawan Theodory
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Jordan

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Zaid Zwayyed
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Jordan

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Nadia Almehdaw
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Russian Federation

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Dina Al Abdallat
German Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment
Russian Federation

Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture.

P.O. Box 35247, 11180, Amman



Feli Saticilef
Hochschule fiur Wirtschaft und Umwelt
Germany

Schelmenwasen 4, 72622 Ndrtingen



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For citation:


Al Tal R., Mukheimer T., Theodory R., Zwayyed Z., Almehdaw N., Al Abdallat D., Saticilef F. Tourism Industry Impacts On Spatial Inequality In The Dead Sea Region. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2021;14(3):54-62. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-216

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)