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The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) is a new multidisciplinary, global change research initiative focusing on understanding biosphere-ocean-cryosphere-climate interactions and feedbacks in Arctic and boreal regions in the Northern Eurasian geographical domain. PEEX operates in an integrative way and it aims at solving the major scientific and society relevant questions in many scales using tools from natural and social sciences and economics. The research agenda identifies the most urgent large scale research questions and topics of the land-atmosphere-aquatic-anthropogenic systems and interactions and feedbacks between the systems for the next decades. Furthermore PEEX actively develops and designs a coordinated and coherent ground station network from Europe via Siberia to China and the coastal line of the Arctic Ocean together with a PEEX-modeling platform. PEEX launches a program for educating the next generation of multidisciplinary researcher and technical experts. This expedites the utilization of the new scientific knowledge for producing a more reliable climate change scenarios in regional and global scales, and enables mitigation and adaptation planning of the Northern societies. PEEX gathers together leading European, Russian and Chinese research groups. With a bottom-up approach, over 40 institutes and universities have contributed the PEEX Science Plan from 18 countries. In 2014 the PEEX community prepared Science Plan and initiated conceptual design of the PEEX land-atmosphere observation network and modeling platform. Here we present the PEEX approach as a whole with the specific attention to research agenda and preliminary design of the PEEX research infrastructure.

About the Authors

Hanna K. Lappalainen
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Tuukka Petäjä
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Joni Kujansuu
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Veli-Matti Kerminen
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Anatoly Shvidenko
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria
Russian Federation

Jaana Bäck
Dept of Forest Ecology University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Timo Vesala
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Timo Vihma
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Gerrit De Leeuw
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Antti Lauri
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Taina Ruuskanen
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Vladimir B. Lapshin
Russian Federation

Nina Zaitseva
Department of Earth Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Russian Federation

Olga Glezer
Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Mikhail Arshinov
Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia
Russian Federation

Dominick V. Spracklen
School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Russian Federation

Steve R. Arnold
School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Russian Federation

Sirkku Juhola
Dept.of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Heikki Lihavainen
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Yrjö Viisanen
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Natalia Chubarova
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Sergey Chalov
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Nikolay Filatov
Northern Water Problems Institute, Karelian Research Center of RAS (NWPI)
Russian Federation

Andrey Skorokhod
A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Nikolay Elansky
A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Egor Dyukarev
Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia
Russian Federation

Igor Esau
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center / Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway
Russian Federation

Pertti Hari
Dept of Forest Ecology University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation

Vladimir Kotlyakov
Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Nikolay Kasimov
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Valery Bondur
AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring, Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Gennady Matvienko

Russian Federation

Alexander Baklanov
World Meteorological Organization, Genève, Switzerland; Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
Russian Federation

Evgeny Mareev
Dept. of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Russian Federation

Yuliya Troitskaya
Dept. of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Russian Federation

Aijun Ding
Institute for Climate and Global Change Research & School of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Nanjing, China
Russian Federation

Huadong Guo
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Russian Federation

Sergej Zilitinkevich
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland; Dept. of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Russian Federation

Markku Kulmala
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Russian Federation


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Lappalainen H.K., Petäjä T., Kujansuu J., Kerminen V., Shvidenko A., Bäck J., Vesala T., Vihma T., De Leeuw G., Lauri A., Ruuskanen T., Lapshin V.B., Zaitseva N., Glezer O., Arshinov M., Spracklen D.V., Arnold S.R., Juhola S., Lihavainen H., Viisanen Y., Chubarova N., Chalov S., Filatov N., Skorokhod A., Elansky N., Dyukarev E., Esau I., Hari P., Kotlyakov V., Kasimov N., Bondur V., Matvienko G., Baklanov A., Mareev E., Troitskaya Yu., Ding A., Guo H., Zilitinkevich S., Kulmala M. PAN EURASIAN EXPERIMENT (PEEX) - A RESEARCH INITIATIVE MEETING THE GRAND CHALLENGES OF THE CHANGING ENVIRONMENT OF THE NORTHERN PAN-EURASIAN ARCTIC-BOREAL AREAS. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2014;7(2):13-48.

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