Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Isotope Signature Of The Massive Ice Bodies On The Northeast Coast Of Chukotka Peninsula

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-020

Full Text:

Abstract

The massive ice (MI) bodies are widespread phenomena on Chukotka coastal plains. Although they have been studying since 1930s, stable isotope method was applied for the ice beds quite recently. In this study cryostratigraphy and stable oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of MI bodies on the extreme North-Eastern Chukotka (near Lavrentiya settlement and Koolen’ lake) have been studied in detail. It was concluded that studied MI bodies have intrasedimental origin and most likely are dated back to the Late Pleistocene age. Mean δ18O values range from –18.5 ‰ to –15 ‰ whereas mean δ2 H values range from –146‰ to –128 ‰ that is higher than expected for the Late Pleistocene ice bodies in this region, which most likely resulted from isotopic fractionation during freezing of water-saturated sediments in a closed system when forming ice became isotopically enriched compared with initial water. The analysis of co-isotope ratios for MI shows that initial water is mainly of meteoric origin (precipitation, water of lakes and taliks).

About the Authors

Yurij K. Vasil’chuk
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography 

Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow



Alexey A. Maslakov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography 

Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow



Nadine A. Budantseva
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography 

Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow



Alla С. Vasil’chuk
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography 

Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow



Nina N. Komova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography 

Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow



References

1. Abramov A., Davydov S., Ivashchenko A., Karelin D., Kholodov A., Kraev G., Lupachev A., Maslakov A., Ostroumov V., Rivkina E., Shmelev D., Sorokovikov V., Tregubov O., Veremeeva A., Zamolodchikov D. & Zimov S. (2019). Two decades of active layer thickness monitoring in northeastern Asia, Polar Geography, DOI: 10.1080/1088937X.2019.1648581.

2. Bulygina O.N., Razuvayev V.N., Trofimenko, L.T., Shvets, N.V. (2020). Automated Information System for Processing Regime Information (AISPRI). Available at: http://aisori.meteo.ru/ClimateR [Accessed on 28 February 2020].

3. French H.M. (2018). The Periglacial Environment, 4th Edition. Wiley, 544.

4. Gasanov Sh.Sh. Ground ice of the Chukotka Peninsula. In Permafrost of Chukotka. Magadan. Publ: SVKNII SO AN SSSR, 1964, 14-41. (in Russian).

5. Gasanov Sh.Sh. (1969). Structure and formation history of permafrost of the Eastern Chukotka. Moscow: Nauka, 168. (in Russian).

6. Kolesnikov S.F., Plakht I.R. Chukotka Area. (1989). In: Popov A. I, ed. Regional’naya Kriolitologiya (Regional Cryolithology). University Press: Moscow; 201-217. (in Russian).

7. Korolev S.Yu. (1993). Late Pleistocene glacier ice finding in the valley of the Amguema River (Northern Chukotka). Doklady of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 329(2), 195-198. (in Russian).

8. Kotov A.N. (1997a). Features of cryolithogenesis in the ablation zone of Late Pleistocene glaciers. In: Results of fundamental studies of the Earth’s cryosphere in the Arctic and Subarctic. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 249-259. (in Russian).

9. Kotov A.N. (1997b). Massive ice on the northern coast of Onemen Bay (Chukotka). In: Late Pleistocene and Holocene of Beringia. Magadan. Publ: SVKNII SO AN SSSR, 92-98. (in Russian).

10. Kotov A.N. (1998a). Cryolithogenic ridges in the Tanurer River valley (Chukotka). Earth’s Cryosphere, II(4), 62-71. (in Russian).

11. Kotov A.N. (1998b). Ground ice formation and problems of the regions of new development of Chukotka. In: Chukotka: nature and man. Magadan. Publ: SVKNII SO AN SSSR, 38-51. (in Russian)

12. Kotov A.N. (1999). Late Pleistocene cryolithogenic deposits and glacier ice in the valley of the Ekityki River (northern Chukotka). In complex studies of Chukotka (problems of geology and biogeography). Magadan. Publ: SVKNII SO AN SSSR, 93-102. (in Russian).

13. Kotov A.N. (2001). Peculiarities of occurrence, composition, and structure of layer-type ice deposits on the northern coast of Onemen Bay (Chukotka). Materials of the second conference of geocryologists of Russia, volume 1, part 2. Lithogenetic geocryology. Engineering geocryology. Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov 6–8 June 2001 Moscow: Moscow University Press, 218-225. (in Russian).

14. Kotov A.N. (2005). Comparative analysis of the composition and structure of stratal ice deposits of Chukotka. In Materials of the third conference of geocryologists of Russia. Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov June 1-3, 2005 Volume 1. Part 2. Lithogenetic geocryology and soil cryogenesis. M .: Moscow University Press, 168-175. (in Russian).

15. Mangerud J., Gosse J., Matiouchkov A., Dolvik T. (2008). Glaciers in the Polar Urals, Russia, were not much larger during the Last Global Glacial Maximum than today. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(9), 1047-1057, DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.01.015.

16. Maslakov A.A., Belova N.G., Baranskaya A.V., Romanenko F.A. (2018). Layered ice on the eastern coast of the Chukchi Peninsula during climate warming: some results of expeditions in 2014–2018. Arctic and Antarctic, 4, 30-43. (in Russian)).

17. Maslakov A.A., Nyland K.E., Komova N.N., Yurov F.D., Yoshikawa K., Kraev G.N. (2020). Community Ice Cellars In The Eastern Chukotka: Climatic And Anthropogenic Influences On Structural Stability. Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 13(3), 49-56, DOI: 10.24057/2071-9388-2020-71.

18. Opel T., Dereviagin A.Yu., Meyer H., Schirrmeister L., Wetterich S. (2011). Palaeoclimatic Information from Stable Water Isotopes of Holocene Ice Wedges on the Dmitrii Laptev Strait, Northeast Siberia, Russia. Permafrost and periglacial processes, 22, 84-100, DOI: 10.1002/ppp.667.

19. Polyak B.G., Dubinina E.O., Lavrushin V.Yu., Cheshko A.L. (2008). Isotopic Composition of Thermal Waters in Chukotka. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 43(5), 429-453, DOI: 10.1134/S0024490208050027.

20. Soloviev P.A. (1947). Ice in permafrost soils in the Anadyr city area. Mineral resources of Arctic, Iss. 2, Moscow-Leningrad, 213-232. (in Russian).

21. Shvetsov P.F. (1938). Permafrost and geotechnical conditions of the Anadyr region. Edited by Sumgin M.I. and Efimov A.I. (eds.). MoscowLeningrad: Publ. Glavsevmorput, 78. (in Russian).

22. Shvetsov P.F. (1947). Groundwater and fossil ice in the area of the city of Anadyrand the Ugolnaya bays. Nedra of Arctic. Iss. 2. MoscowLeningrad, 204-211. (in Russian).

23. Sedov R.V. Chukotka glaciers. Materials of glaciological research, iss. 82. 1997, 213-217.

24. Vasil’chuk Yu.K. (2012). Isotope Ratios in the Environment. Part 2: Stable isotope geochemistry of massive ice. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 472. (in Russian).

25. Vasil’chuk Yu. K. (2006). Massive ice bodies. In Vasil’chuk Y., Krylov G., Podborny Y. Eds. Cryosphere of oil-gas fields of Yamal Peninsula. Vol. 1. Cryosphere of the Kharasavey gas-condensate field.: Nedra, 160-193. (in Russian).

26. Vasil’chuk Yu. K. (1992).Oxygen isotope composition of ground ice (application to paleogeocryological reconstructions). Volume 1, 420 pp., Volume 2, 264 pp. Theoretical Problems Department, Russian Academy of Sciences and Lomonosov Moscow University Publications, Moscow (in Russian with English contents section).

27. Vasil’chuk Yu. K. (2020). Some clear evidences of the intrasedimental origin of massive ice in northern Eurasia. Arctic and Antarctic, 1, 23-34, DOI: 10.7256/2453-8922.2020.1.32283 (in Russian).

28. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Budantseva N.A., Vasil’chuk A.C., Podborny Ye.Ye., Chizhova Ju.N. (2016). Multistage Holocene massive ground ice in Northern West Siberia. Earth’s Cryosphere, XX(1), 34-45. http://www.izdatgeo.ru.

29. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Budantseva N.A., Farquharson L., Maslakov A.A., Vasil’chuk A.C., Chizhova Yu.N. (2018a). Isotopic evidence for Holocene January air temperature variability on the East Chukotka Peninsula. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 29(4), 283-297, DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1991.

30. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Budantseva N.A., Vasil’chuk A.C., Maslakov A.A., Chizhova Ju.N. (2018b). Oxygen isotope composition of Holocene ice wedges of the Eastern Chukotka. Doklady Earth Sciences, 480(2), 759-763, DOI: 10.1134/S1028334X18060107.

31. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Chizhova Ju.N., Maslakov A.A., Budantseva N.A., Vasil’chuk A.C. (2018c). Oxygen and hydrogen isotope variations in a recently formed massive ice at the mouth of the Akkani River, Eastern Chukotka. Led i Sneg. Ice and Snow, 58(1), 78-93, DOI: 10.15356/2076-6734-2018-1-78-93 (in Russian).

32. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Vasil’chuk A.C. (2017). Ice wedges in the Mayn River valley and winter air paleotemperature in the Southern Chukchi Peninsula at 38-12 Kyr BP) // Earth’s Cryosphere, XXI(5), 27-41, DOI: 10.21782/KZ1560-7496-2017-5(27-41)

33. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Kotlyakov V.M. (2000). Principles of Isotope Geocryology and Glaciology. A comprehensive textbook. Moscow University Press, 616. (in Russian).

34. Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Murton J.B. (2016). Stable isotope geochemistry of massive ice // Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 3, 4-24, DOI: 10.15356/2071-9388_03v09_2016_01

35. Vasilchuk Yu.K., Vasilchuk A.C. (2018). The oxygen isotope composition of ice wedges of Ayon Island and paleotemperature reconstructions of the Late Pleistocene and Holocene of the North of Chukotka. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 73(1), 87-99, DOI: 10.3103/S0145875218010131.

36. Vtyurin B.I. (1964). Cryogenic structure of Quaternary deposits (the case of the Anadyr lowland). Moscow: Nauka, 152. (in Russian)

37. Vtyurin B.I. (1975). Ground ice of the USSR. Moscow: Nauka, 214. (in Russian).

38. Zamolodchikov D.G., Kotov A.N., Karelin D.V., Razzhivin V.Y. (2004). Active-Layer Monitoring in Northeast Russia: Spatial, Seasonal, and Interannual Variability. Polar Geography, 28(4), 286-307.


For citation:


Vasil’chuk Yu.K., Maslakov A.A., Budantseva N.A., Vasil’chuk A.С., Komova N.N. Isotope Signature Of The Massive Ice Bodies On The Northeast Coast Of Chukotka Peninsula. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 0;. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2021-020

Views: 131


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)