Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

CONSERVATION OF RUSSIAN ARCTIC BIODIVERSITY

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2012-5-3-48-63

Full Text:

Abstract

Russian Arctic represents the most typical landscapes of high latitudes: forest-tundra; tundra zone (with subzones of southern, typical and Arctic tundra), and the polar deserts zone. All types and variants of ecosystems, soils, and phytocenoses characteristic for the Arctic region as a whole are represented there. Recently the role of anthropogenic variants of tundra and meadows has also increased noticeably. There is up to 80% of all circumpolar biodiversity within terrestrial and water areas of the Russian sector of Arctic regions. Therefore the ecological projects directed on studying, preservation and sustainable use of biological resources in the Russian Arctic might be considered representative for the whole circumpolar area. The organization of several large reserves with a strict regime of protection is necessary for preservation of unique biodiversity of this region. The development of areas of traditional wildlife management could solve both ethno-cultural and ecological problems, including the conservation of terrestrial Arctic biota.

About the Author

Arkady Tishkov

Russian Federation
Institute of Geography, RAS; Staromonetny per., 29, 119017 Moscow, Russia


References

1. Andreyashkina A.P., Chernova N.V. (1994). The list of fish-shaped and fishes of Arctic seas

2. and contiguous waters.J. of ichtiology. V. 34, N 4. Pp. 435–456.

3. Arctic flora and fauna. Status and conservation (2002). Helsinki: Edita, 271 pр.

4. Arctic flora of USSR (1960–1987). Vol. 1–10. Leningrad: Nauka

5. Chernov Yu. I. (1995). Diversity of the arctic terrestrial fauna. Arctic and alpine biodiversity.

6. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. P. 81–95.

7. Chernov Yu.I. (1975) The nature zonality and terrestrial animals. Moscow: Mysl Publ.

8. p.

9. Chernov Yu.I. (1978). The structure of animal population of Subarctic. Moscow: Nauka.

10. p.

11. Chernov Yu.I. (1999). Aves in arctic fauna. Zool. J., v. 78, N 12. Pp. 276–292.

12. Chernov Yu.I. (2002). The biota of Arctic: taxonomic diversity. Zool. J., v. 81, N 12.

13. P. 1411–1431.

14. Chernov Yu.I. (2004) The directions < state and perspectives of national investigations of

15. Arctic biodiversity. The herald of RFBI, N 1 (35). March 2004. P. 5–36.

16. Chernov Yu.I. (2005) The species diversity and compensation occurrences in communities

17. and biological systems. Zool. J., v. 84, N 10. P. 1221–1238.

18. Chernov Yu.I., Makarov K.V., Eremin P.K. (2000a) Carabidea in Arctic fauna. The report 1.

19. Zool. J., v. 80, N 12. P. 1409–1420.

20. Chernov Yu.I., Makarov K.V., Eremin P.K. (2000b) Carabidea in Arctic fauna. The report 2.

21. Zool. J., v. 80, N 3. P. 285–293.

22. Chernov Yu.I., Matveyeva N.V. (1979) The regularities of zonality distribution of communities

23. on Taimyr. In: The arctic tundra and polar deserts in Taimyr. Leningrad: Nauka.

24. P. 166–200.

25. Chernov Yu.I., Matveyeva N.V. (1997). Arctic ecosystems in Russia. In: Ecosystems of the

26. world. 3. Polar and alpine tundra. Ed.: F.E. Wielgolaski. Amsterdam – Laussanne – New

27. York – Oxford – Singapore – Tokyo.: Elsevier, 1997. P. 361–507.

28. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (2003). S 1: 7 500 000. CAFF, US Fish and Wildlife

29. services, Anhorige, Alaska.

30. Global Biodiversity. Earth living resources in the 21st century. Groombridge B., Jenkins M.D.

31. Cambridge: World Conservation Monitoring Center. Hoechst foundation, 2000. 247 pp.

32. Gorbatovsky V.V. (2003). The Red Books of Russian Federation subjects. Moscow:

33. NIA-Proroda Publ., 496 p.

34. Matveeva N.V. (1998) Zonality in Arctic vegetation cover. S.-Petersburg: Nauka, 220 p.

35. Matveeva N.V., Chernov Yu.I. (1978). The arctic tundra on north-east of Taimyr peninsula.

36. Botanical J. V. 62, N 7. Pp. 938–953.

37. Talbot, S.S., B.A. Yurtsev, D.F. Murray, G.W. Argus, C. Bay, & A. Elvebakk. Atlas of rare endemic

38. vascular plants of the Arctic. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Technical

39. Report No. 3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska. 1999. 73 pp.

40. The recent state of biodiversity on nature protected areas of Russia (2003). Iss. 1. The

41. vertebrates. 257 p. Iss. 2, parts 1–2. The vascular plants. 783 p. Moscow: IUCN.

42. The state of nature ecosystems biodiversity of Russia (2004). Eds.: V.A. Orlov, A.A. Tishkov.

43. Moscow: NIA-Priroda, 116 p.

44. Tishkov A.A. (1996) The ecological restoration of the North disturbed ecosystems. Moscow:

45. ROU RAO Publ., 115 p.

46. Tishkov A.A. (2002) “Northern dimension”: priorities of Russia in nature conservation.

47. In: “Northern dimension”: goals and reality. Moscow: The Committee “Russia in United

48. Europe”. C. 21–29.

49. Tishkov A.A. (2006) The biodiversity conservation in Russia. In: Russia in surrounding world.

50. Analytical yearbook. Moscow: MNEPU. P. 82–124

51. Tishkov A.A. (2006) The conservation of terrestrial ecosistems and biodiversity of Russia.

52. In: The species and communities in extreme conditions. Moscow-Sophia: KMK Publ.

53. P. 373–396.

54. Tishkov A.A. (2002b) Nature protection and conservation. In: The physical geography

55. of Northern Eurasia. Oxford regional


For citation:


Tishkov A. CONSERVATION OF RUSSIAN ARCTIC BIODIVERSITY. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2012;5(3):48-63. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2012-5-3-48-63

Views: 266


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)