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Rural Population Dynamics in the Russian Extreme North IN 1989–2019: A Case Of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-137

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Abstract

In this study, the specific characteristics of Yakutia’s rural population dynamics in 1989-2019 in comparison with other Extreme North regions are identified along with geographical differences in the population dynamics of the republic’s rural districts. The research results are based on the analysis of the official statistical data and field trip observations in rural areas of Yakutia. Sakha has witnessed a relatively small decline in total rural population compared to other regions, which can be explained by the high proportion of the indigenous population that has a historical preference for living in rural areas and higher birth rates as well as by the regional rural support measures. Despite the common overall trend in the rural population dynamics, significant intraregional differences have been identified. In the regions characterized by more central location and a larger share of the indigenous people, the population growth due to migration and the natural increase was observed, while in more remote northern locations with poor transport accessibility to the region’s centre population decreased due to migration outflow. A shift in rural population took place in the districts of Central Yakutia, historical settlement area of Yakuts, who are engaged in livestock and horse breeding, which are the traditional types of economic activities for this territory. The largest population decrease due to migration outflow was observed in Momsky and Zhigansky ulus, which are characterized by their northern location, poor transport accessibility and a smaller share of indigenous people.

About the Authors

Tamara V. Litvinenko
Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
29 Staromonetny pereulok, 119017, Moscow


Kazuhiro Kumo
Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic Research
Japan
Naka 2-1, Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8603


Antonina N. Savvinova
M. K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University
Russian Federation
58 Belinskogo str., Yakutsk, 677007


Viktoriia V. Filippova
The Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North, Siberian branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Petrovskogo str. 1, 677027, Yakutsk


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For citation:


Litvinenko T.V., Kumo K., Savvinova A.N., Filippova V.V. Rural Population Dynamics in the Russian Extreme North IN 1989–2019: A Case Of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2020;13(4):65-71. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-137

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)