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URBAN VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS: A CASE STUDY OF RAINSTORM VICTIMS IN ILORIN, NIGERIA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2013-6-2-80-93

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Abstract

Nigeria is a disaster prone country. The disasters which often result into environmental emergencies like flooding are worsened by the degradation of the country’s environment and natural resources. Floods, rainstorms and droughts affect households each year in Ilorin and contribute to endemic poverty in most parts of Kwara State. Anticipated increases in extreme weather events will exacerbate this. Using data from both primary and secondary sources the study examines the urban vulnerability and adaptation to climate change among flood and rainstorm victims in Ilorin, Nigeria. The primary data include questionnaire administration to victims in the affected areas of the city. The secondary data on the other hand, include data from the Kwara State Emergency Management Agency on flood victims in the State between 2002 and 2007. This study brings out the important issue of vulnerability, coping and adaptation to weather induced disasters among the urban poor. The study revealed that the indigenous coping mechanisms employed by the poor may become less effective as increasingly fragile livelihood systems struggle to withstand disaster shocks. Also, many of these long-term trends are rendering indigenous coping strategies less effective and thus are increasing the vulnerability of the poor.

About the Authors

Usman Raheem

Nigeria
Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria


Felix Olorunfemi

Nigeria
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER); PMB 05, U.I P.O, Ibadan, Nigeria


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For citation:


Raheem U., Olorunfemi F. URBAN VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS: A CASE STUDY OF RAINSTORM VICTIMS IN ILORIN, NIGERIA. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2013;6(2):80-93. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2013-6-2-80-93

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
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