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Community Ice Cellars In Eastern Chukotka: Climatic And Anthropogenic Influences On Structural Stability

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-71

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Abstract

The large community ice cellar designs in eastern Chukotka are unique within the Arctic due to the mixed influences from the indigenous Chukchi people and western industry. Community ice cellars here were designed and constructed in the 1950s-60s to accommodate both food stores for local indigenous residents and feed stores for Arctic fox fur farms. Like much of the Arctic, this region is undergoing unprecedented climate change. Air temperatures within the study area have been increasing at an average rate of 0.7°C per decade since the 1950s. Exacerbating the adverse effects of the warming climate is the lack of ice cellar maintenance in communities where the fur industry did not survive the transition to a market economy. Today, all but two community ice cellars in eastern Chukotka have flooded or collapsed. Presented in this work are thermal records from two cellars in the region that allow for both climatic and anthropogenic influences on the cellars’ structural integrity to be evaluated. Particularly effective ice cellar maintenance practices utilized in the community of Lorino were 1) wintertime ventilation, and 2) placing large blocks of river ice in the cellar in spring to mitigate spring and summer warming.

About the Authors

Alexey A. Maslakov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography

Leninskie Gory 1, 119991 Moscow.



Kelsey E. Nyland
The George Washington University
United States

Department of Geography

2036 H St. NW, 20052 Washington, DC



Nina N. Komova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography

Leninskie Gory 1, 119991 Moscow.



Fedor D. Yurov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography

Leninskie Gory 1, 119991 Moscow.



Kenji Yoshikawa
International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks
United States
2160 Koyukuk Dr. 99775 Fairbanks, Alaska


Gleb N. Kraev
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam; Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy
Netherlands
Amsterdam 1081


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For citation:


Maslakov A.A., Nyland K.E., Komova N.N., Yurov F.D., Yoshikawa K., Kraev G.N. Community Ice Cellars In Eastern Chukotka: Climatic And Anthropogenic Influences On Structural Stability. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 0;. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2020-71

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)