Preview

GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Advanced search

Biomass Carbon Stocks In The Mangrove Rehabilitated Area Of Sinjai District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-131

Full Text:

Abstract

Mangrove forest plays a crucial role in climate change mitigation by storing carbon in its above-belowground pools. However, this forest remains under considerable high exploitation from the expansion of settlement and aquaculture pond that likely results in much CO2 release to the atmosphere. The objective of this research is to estimate biomass carbon stocks of mangrove rehabilitated areas in Sinjai District, South Sulawesi. We used a line transects method for mangrove vegetation survey and determined above-belowground biomass and carbon stock using published allometric equations and a conversion factor, respectively. The results showed that the mean values of carbon stocks in above-belowground biomass were 125.48±93.48 Mg C ha-1 and 60.23±44.87 Mg C ha-1. The aboveground biomass stored more carbon than the belowground pool. However, low planting distance in mangrove rehabilitation and conversion of mangrove area into settlements and aquaculture ponds in the last three decades have affected forest structure and biomass carbon magnitudes. Therefore, preservation of intact mangrove and restoration of disturbed forests with pay attention to planting distance should consider. Besides, halting the expansion of settlements and aquaculture ponds are worthwhile options to maintain and possibly increase biomass carbon stocks.

About the Authors

Abdul Malik
Universitas Negeri Makassar; Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Tropical Biology (SEAMEO BIOTROP)
Indonesia

Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Jl. Malengkeri Raya, Kampus Parangtambung, Makassar 90224
Jl. Raya Tajur Km. 6, Bogor, 16134

 

 



Abd. Rasyid Jalil
Universitas Hasanuddin
Indonesia

Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries

Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245



Ahsin Arifuddin
Universitas Negeri Makassar
Indonesia

Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Jl. Malengkeri Raya, Kampus Parangtambung, Makassar 90224



Ainun Syahmuddin
Universitas Negeri Makassar
Indonesia

Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Jl. Malengkeri Raya, Kampus Parangtambung, Makassar 90224



References

1. Alavaisha E. and Mangora M.M. (2016). Carbon Stocks in the small estuarine mangroves of Geza and Mtimbwani, Tanga, Tanzania. International Journal of Forestry Research, 1-11, DOI: 10.1155/2016/2068283.

2. Alongi D.M. (2008). Mangrove forests: resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 76(1), 1-13, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2007.08.024.

3. Alongi D.M., Murdiyarso D., Fourqurean J.W., Kauffman J.B., Hutahaen A., Crooks S., Lovelock C.E., Howard J., Herr D., Fortes M., Pidgeon E. and Wagey T. (2015). Indonesia’s blue carbon: a globally significant and vulnerable sink for seagrass and mangrove carbon. Wetlands Ecology Management, 24(1), 3-13, DOI: 10/007/s11273-015-9446-y.

4. Amri A. (2008). Land property rights and coastal resource management: A perspective of community based mangrove conservation in Indonesia. In Conference paper, International Association for the Study of the Commons. Cheltenham: University of Gloucestershire [online] Available at: www.dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/dlc/bitstream/handle/10535/2247/ Amri_201101.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [Accessed 10 October 2017].

5. Bakosurtanal. (2009). Peta mangrove Indonesia. Pusat Survey Sumberdaya Alam Laut. Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakosurtanal), Jakarta. (in Indonesian).

6. BPS Kabupaten Sinjai. (2017). Kabupaten Sinjai dalam angka 2016. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Kabupaten Sinjai. [online] Available at: www.sinjaikab.bps.go.id/frontend/ [Accessed 15 October 2017]. (in Indonesian).

7. Donato D.C., Kauffman J.B., Murdiyarso D., Kurnianto S., Stidham M. and Kanninen M. (2011). Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. Nature Geoscience, 4(5), 293-297, DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1123.

8. Ellison A.M. (2000). Mangrove restoration: do we know enough? Restoration Ecology, 8(3), 219-229, DOI: 10.1046/j.1526-100x.2000.80033.x.

9. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). (2007). The world’s mangroves 1980 – 2005. Rome: FAO, FAO Forestry Paper, 153, 77.

10. Giri C., Oching E., Tieszen L.L., Zhu Z., Singh A., Loveland T., Masek J., and Duke N. (2011). Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(1), 154-159, DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00584.x.

11. Hamilton S.E. and Casey D. (2016). Creation of a high spatio-temporal resolution global database of continuous mangrove forest cover for the 21st century (CGMFC-21). Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25(6), 729-738, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12449.

12. Hamilton S.E. and Friess D. (2018). Global carbon stocks and potential emissions due to mangrove deforestation from 2000 to 2012. Nature Climate Change, 8(3), 240-244, DOI: 10.1038/S41558-018-0090-4.

13. Howard J., Hoyt S., Isensee K., Telszewski M., and Pidgeon E. (2014). Coastal blue carbon: Methods for assessing carbon stocks and emissions factors in mangroves, tidal salt marshes, and seagrasses (Eds.). Conservation International, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, International Union for Conservation of Nature. Arlington, Virginia, USA.

14. Kauffman J.B., Heider C., Cole T.G., Dwire K.A. and Donato D.C. (2011). Ecosystem carbon stocks of Micronesian mangrove forests structure. Wetlands, 31(2), 342-352, DOI: 10.1007/s13157-011-0148-9.

15. Kauffman J.B. and Donato D.C. (2012). Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests. Working Paper 86. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.

16. Komiyama A., Poungparn S., Kato S. (2005). Common allometric equations for estimating the tree weight of mangroves. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 21(4), 471-477, DOI: 10.1017/S0266467405002476.

17. Komiyama A. (2014). Conservation of mangrove ecosystems through the eyes of a production ecologist. Review in Agricultural Science, 2, 11-20, DOI: 10.783/ras.2.11.

18. Kusmana C. (2015). Integrated sustainable mangrove forest management. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 5(1), 1-6, DOI: 10.19081/jpsl. 2015.5.1.1.

19. Lugina M., Ginoga K.L., Wibowo A., Bainnaura A., and Partiani T. (2011). Prosedur Operasi Standar (SOP) untuk pengukuran dan perhitungan stok karbon di kawasan konservasi. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan, Republik Indonesia, Kerjasama dengan International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Bogor, Indonesia. [online] Available at: www.forda-mof.org/files/SOP%20Pengukuran%20Stok%20Karbon.pdf [Accessed 15 October 2017] (in Indonesian).

20. Mahasani I.G.A.I., Widagti N. and Karang I.W.G.A. (2015). Estimasi presentase karbon organik di hutan mangrove bekas tambak, Perancak, Jembrana Bali. Journal of Marine and Aquatic Science, 1, 14-18, DOI: 10.24843/jmas.2015.v1.i01.14-18 (in Indonesian with English abstract).

21. Malik A., Fensholt R. and Mertz O. (2015a). Economic valuation of mangroves for comparison with commercial aquaculture in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Forests, 6(9), 3028-3304, DOI: 10.1007/s10531-015-1015-4.

22. Malik A., Fensholt R. and Mertz O. (2015b). Mangrove exploitation effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24(14), 3543-3557, DOI: 10.1007/s10531-015-1015-4.

23. Malik A., Mertz O., Fensholt R. (2017). Mangrove forest decline: Consequences for livelihoods and environment in South Sulawesi. Regional Environmental Change, 17(1), 157-169, DOI: 10.1007/ s10113-016-0989-0.

24. Malik A., Rahim A., Sideng U., Rasyid A. and Jumaddin J. (2019). Biodiversity assessment of mangrove vegetation for the sustainability of ecotourism in West Sulawesi, Indonesia. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, 12(4), 1458-1466.

25. Mawazin and Suhaendi H. (2008). Pengaruh jarak tanam terhadap pertumbuhan diameter Shorea parvifolia Dyer. Jurnal Penelitian dan Konservasi Alam, 5(4), 381-388, DOI: 10.20886/jphka.2008.5.4.381-388 (in Indonesian with English abstract).

26. Murdiyarso D., Purbopuspito J., Kauffman J.B., Warren M., Sasmito S., Donato D., Manuri S., Krisnawati H., Taberima S. and Kurnianto S. (2015). The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation. Nature Climate Change, 5(12), 1089-1092, DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2734.

27. Nam V.N., Sasmito S.D., Murdiyarso D., Purbopuspito J. and MacKenzie R.A. (2016). Carbon stocks in artificially and naturally regenerated mangrove ecosystems in the Mekong Delta. Wetlands Ecology Management, 24(2), 231-244, DOI: 10.1007/s11273-015-9479-2.

28. Pendleton L., Donato D.C., Murray B.C., Crooks S., Jenkins W.A., Siflet S., Craft C., Fourqurean J.W., Kauffman J.B., Marba N., Megonigal P., Pidgeon E., Herr D., Gordon D. and Baldera A. (2012). Estimating global «blue carbon» emissions from conversion and degradation of vegetated coastal ecosystems. PloS one, 7(9), e43542, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043542.

29. Perera K.A.R.S. and Amarasinghe M.D. (2013). Carbon partitioning and allometric relationships between stem diameter and total organic carbon (TOC) in plant components of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk. and Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. in a microtidal basin estuary in Sri Langka. International Journal of Marine Science, 3, 72-78, DOI: 10.5376/ijms.2013. 03.0009.

30. Primavera J.H. and Esteban J.M.A. (2008). A review of mangrove rehabilitation in the Philippines: successes, failures and future prospects. Wetlands Ecology Management, 16(5), 345-358, DOI: 10.1007/s11273-008-9101-y.

31. Ryan M.G. and Yoder B.J. (1997). Hydraulic limits to tree height and tree growth. BioScience, 47(4), 235-242, DOI: 10.2307/1313077.

32. Shehadi M.A. (2015). Vulnerability of mangroves to sea level rise in Qatar: Assessment and identification of vulnerable mangroves areas. Master’s thesis. Qatar University. [online] Available at: www.qspace.qu.edu.qa/handle/10576/3902. [Accessed 2 May 2020].

33. Suharti S., Darusman D., Nugroho B. and Sundawati L. (2016). Economic valuation as basis for sustainable mangrove resource management. A case in East Sinjai, South Sulawesi. Journal of Tropical Forest Management 22(1), 12-23, DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.22.1.13.

34. Thomas N., Lucas R., Bunting P., Hardy A., Rosenqvist A. and Simard M. (2017). Distribution and drivers of global mangrove forest change, 1996–2010. PloS one, 12(6), e0179302, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179302.

35. Ward R.D., Friess D.A., Day R.H. and MacKenzie R.A. (2016). Impacts of climate change on mangrove ecosystems: a region by region overview. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 2(4), e01211, DOI: 10.1002/ehs2.1211.


For citation:


Malik A., Jalil A.R., Arifuddin A., Syahmuddin A. Biomass Carbon Stocks In The Mangrove Rehabilitated Area Of Sinjai District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2020;13(3):32-38. https://doi.org/10.24057/2071-9388-2019-131

Views: 485


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)