Advanced search


Full Text:


This study examines flood risk propensity of communities in Edu Local Government
Area of Kwara state, with a view to classifying the area into risk zones for better and proper management of the environment for the sustainable living of the people. The three administrative districts of Edu Local Government area were identified as pragmatic areas for the study. In each of the districts, Geographical Information System data capture and analytical tool were used to harvest and treat the data for subsequent interpretation. The coordinates of various locations of interest were taken, contour and slope maps of the area were generated to produce flood risk map for the area. The results revealed three distinct risk zones; High, Moderate, and low-risk areas. Three settlements fall into a low-risk area with elevations above 196 m, two settlements located at between 110 m and 196 m are within moderate risk zone and six settlements in High-risk area with elevations below 110 m. This paper concludes that the people of the riverine communities in Edu LGA are culturally attached to the environment. The study, therefore, recommends public enlightenment on the trend in climate and weather about the flood and its implications, environmental education and then resettlement of these communities. When and where resettlement scheme proves very difficult due to strong cultural attachment, flood prevention mechanism via engineering construction such as dykes, embankments and ditches should be adopted.

About the Authors

Emmanuel Oriola
University of Ilorin
Department of Geography and Environmental Management

Cynthia Chibuike
University of Ilorin
Department of Geography and Environmental Management


1. Abah, R.C. (2013). An Application of Geographic Information System in Mapping Flood Risk Zones in a North Central City in Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 7 (6): 365–371.

2. Abu, Z.S. and Mursheda, R. (2013). Spatial strategies for flood vulnerability analysis and long term scenario with geographic information system (GIS) in Sirajganj, Bangladesh. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering. 5 (9): 546–555.

3. Bello, A. and Makinde, V. (2007). Delineation of the Aquifer in the South- Western Part of the Nupe Basin, Kwara State, Nigeria Journal of American Science, 3 (2): 36–44.

4. Chibuke (2015). Assessment of the Impacts of Seasonal Flood on the Riverine Communities in Edu Local Government Area, Kwara State. Unpublished M. Sc. Dissertation Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin. Nigeria.

5. Dilley, M., Chen, R.S., Deichmann, U., Lerner-Lam, A.L. and Arnold, M. (2005). Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis. The World Bank, US, 150: 9.

6. Drogue, G., Pfister, L., Leviandier, T., El Idrissi, A., Iffly, J.F., Matgen, P., Humbert, J. and Hoffmann, L. (2004). Simulating the Spatio-temporal Variability of Stream flow Response to Climate Change Scenarios in a Meso Scale Basin. Journal of Hydrology, 293: 255–269.

7. Eludoyin, A.O., Akinbode, M.O. and Okuku, E. (2007). Combating Flood Crisis with Geographical Information System: An Example from Akure Southwestern Nigeria. International Symposium on New Direction in Urban Water Management UNESCO, Paris 12–14 September 2007.

8. Njoku, J.D., Amangabara, G.T. and Duru, P.N. (2013). Spatial Assessment of Urban Flood Risks in Aba Metropolis, using geographical information systems techniques. Global Advanced Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology 2 (3): 086–092.

9. Organization of American States (1991) Flood Plain Definition and F|lood Hazard Assessment in Primer on Natural Hazard Management in Integrated Regional Development Planning. Department of Regional Development and Environment Executive Secretariat for Economic and Social Affairs Organization of American States. Washington. D.C. Retrieved from

10. Ologunorisa, E.T. and Abawua, A.J. (2005). Flood Risk Assessment: a Review. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management. 9 (1): 57–63.

11. Oriola, O. (1994). Strategies for Combating Urban Flooding in Developing Countries: A Case Study from Ondo. The Environmentalist. 14 (1): 57–62.

12. Oriola, E. and Bolaji S. (2012). Urban Flood Risk Information on a River Catchment in a Part of Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria. IISTE Journals 2, (8): 70–83.

13. Oriola, E. O and Chibuke, C.C. (2016) GIS for Sustainable living in the riverine Communities in Edu Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria Geografia: Malaysian Journal of Society and Space. 12 (1): 1–7.

14. Premium Times, Nigeria (2013). Nigeria lost N2.6 trillion to 2012 floods. The Premium Times, Nigeria. May 26, 2013.

For citation:


Views: 212

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)