Advanced search

Geophysical analysis of landscape polystructures

Full Text:


The objective identification of landscape cover units is very important for sustainable environmental management planning. The article proposes a method-algorithm for describing the formation of landscape structures, which is based on the classic landscape analysis and applies the parameters of geophysical fields. The main driving forces of all structure-forming processes are the gradients of gravitational and insolation fields, parameters of which were calculated using the digital elevation models and the GIS-technologies. A minimum number of principal parameters are selected for typological and functional classification of landscapes. The number and importance of parameters were identified basing on the results of numerical experiments. Landscape classifications elaborated on the basis of standard numerical methods take a fundamental geophysical value. In this case, a concept of polystructural landscape organization is logical: by selecting different structure-forming processes and physical parameters, different classifications of landscapes could be elaborated. The models of geosystem functioning are closely related to their structure through boundary conditions and relations between parameters. All models of processes and structures are verified by field experimental data obtained under diverse environmental conditions.

About the Author

Vladislav V. Sysuev
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, 



1. Akbari Kh.Kh., Bondar Yu.N., and Sysuev V.V. (2006). Indicative properties of the stand in the landscapes of the edge zone of the Valdai glaciation. Proceedings of Moscow University, series 5 Geography (6), 59-66. (in Russian with English summary)

2. Antipov A.N. and Fedorov V.N. (2000). Landscape and hydrological organization of the territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. (in Russian with English summary)

3. Armand A.D. (1988). Self-organization and self-regulation of geographical systems. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

4. Beven K. J. (2012). Rainfall-runoff modelling: the primer. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

5. Chow V.T., Maidment D.R., and Mays L.W. (1988). Applied Hydrology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

6. Chow V.T. (1959). Open-channel hydraulics. New York: McGraw-Hill. Dodds P.S. and Rothman D.H. (1999). Unified view of scaling laws for river networks. Phys. Rev. E, 59(5), 4865–4877.

7. Dyakonov K.N. and PuzachenkoYu.G. (2004). Theoretical positions and directions of modern landscape studies. In: K.N. Dyakonov, ed. Geography, society and environment. V. II. Functioning and present-day state of landscapes. Moscow: Gorodets, 21–36. (in Russian).

8. Dyakonov K.N. (2008). Basic concepts and intention of landscape studies. In: N.S. Kasimov, ed. Geographical scientific schools of Moscow University. Moscow: Gorodets, 348-381. (in Russian) Forman R.T.T. (2006). Land mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

9. Kleidon A. (2010). Life, hierarchy, and the thermodynamic machinery of planet Earth. Physics of Life Reviews, 7(4), 424–460.

10. Khoroshev A.V. (2012). Geographical concept of landscape planning. Proceedings of the RAS. Geographical series (4), 103-112. (in Russian with English summary)

11. Khoroshev A.V. (2016). The large-scale organization of the geographical landscape. Moscow: Fellowship of scientific publications KMK.

12. Landscape Planning: Principles, Methods, European and Russian Experience. (2002). In: A.N. Antipov and A.V. Drozdov, ed. Irkutsk: Publishing House of the Institute of Geography SB RAS. (in Russian with English summary)

13. Likens G.E. and Bormann F.H. (1995). Biogeochemistry of a forested ecosystem. New York: Springer-Verlag.

14. McGarigal K., and Cushman S.A, (2005). The gradient concept of landscape structure. In: J. Wiens and M. Moss, ed. Issues and perspectives in landscape ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 112–119

15. McGarigal K., Tagil S., Cushman S.A. (2009). Surface metrics: an alternative to patch metrics for the quantification of landscape structure. Landscape Ecol (24), 433–450. DOI 10.1007/s10980-009-9327-y

16. Olaya V. (2004). A gentle introduction to SAGA GIS. Edition 1.2.

17. Orlova I.V. (2014). Landscape-agroecological planning of the territory of the municipal district. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of the SB RAS. (in Russian)

18. Pozachenyuk E.A. (2006). Territorial planning. Simferopol: Publ. House of the TNU. (in Russian)

19. Rulev A.S. (2008). Landscape planning of agroforestry land improvement. Environmental planning and management, 1(6), 25-28. (in Russian with English summary)

20. PuzachenkoYu. G. (2014).Organization of a landscape. In: K.N. Dyakonov, V.M. Kotlyakov, T.I. Kharitonova, ed. Issues in Geography. Vol. 138. Horizons of landscape studies. Moscow: Kodeks, 35-64. (in Russian)

21. Reteyum A. Yu. (1975). Physical-geographical zoning and the allocation of geosystems. Issues in Geography, 98, 5-27.(in Russian)

22. Shary P.A. (1995). Land surface in gravity points classification by a complete system of curvatures. Mathematical Geology, 27(3), 373–390.

23. Solntsev N.A. (1948).The natural geographic landscape and some of its general rules. Proceedings of the Second All-Union Geographical Congress. Moscow: State Publishing House for Geographic Literature, 258-269. (in Russian). See also in: J.A. Wiens, M.R. Moss, M.G. Turner, D.J. Mladenoff, ed., (2006). Foundation papers in landscape ecology. New York: Columbia University Press, 19-27.

24. Solntsev V.N. (1997). Structural landscape studies. Moscow: Faculty of Geography MSU. (in Russian)

25. Sysuev V.V. (2003). Morphometric analysis of geophysical differentiation of landscapes. News of the Academy of Sciences. Series geographical, (4), 36-50 (in Russian with English summary)

26. Sysuev V.V. (2014). Basic concepts of the physical and mathematical theory of geosystems. In: K.N. Dyakonov and V.M. Kotlyakov, ed. Issues in Geography. Vol. 138. Horizons of landscape studies. Moscow: Kodeks, 65-100. (in Russian with English summary)

27. Sysuev V.V., and Solnetsev V.N. (2006). Landscapes of the edge zone of the Valdai glaciation: classical and morphometric analysis. In: K.N. Dyakonov, ed. Landscape science: theory, methods, regional studies, practice. Proceedings of the XI International landscape conference. Moscow: MSU Publishing House, 249-252. (in Russian)

28. Sysuev V.V., Sadkov S.A., Erofeyev A.A. (2011). Basin principle of functional zoning: modeling of the structure and drainage of catchment geosystems based on a priori data. In: K.N. Dyakonov, ed. Landscape science: theory, methods, regional studies, practice. Proceedings of the XI International landscape conference. Moscow: MSU Publishing House, 101-105. (in Russian)

29. Tarboton D.G., Bras, R.L., Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. (1991). On the extraction of channel networks from digital elevation data. Hydrological Processes, 5(1), 81-100.

30. Tkachev B.P., and Bulatov V.I. (2002). Small rivers: state-of-the act and ecological problems: Analit. review. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of the SB RAS.

31. Troendle C.A. (1985). A variable source area model for stormflow prediction of forested watersheds. In: M.G. Anderson and T.P. Burt, ed. Hydrological forecasting. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 431-495.

32. Turner MG (2005). Landscape ecology: what is the state of the science? Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. (36), 319–344

33. Turner M., Gardner R.H. (2015). Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice. Pattern and Process. New York: Springer.

34. Viktorov A.S. (1986). Landscape pattern. Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian with English summary).

For citation:

Sysuev V.V. Geophysical analysis of landscape polystructures. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2020;13(1):200-213.

Views: 193

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)