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Russian-Estonian border in the context of post-soviet ethnic transformations

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The authors explore the main trends and regional peculiarities of ethnic transformations during the post-Soviet period in the Russian and Estonian borderlands. Special emphasis is placed on the dynamics of the share of two dominant ethnic groups – Russians and Estonians. It is argued that the main trend of ethnic transformations is an increase of the share of the dominant ethnic groups in the structure of population. The almost Russian-speaking Ida-Viru county in Estonia is an exception, where together with a small growth in the share of Estonians, there was growth in the number of Russians. The authors analyse the dynamics of smaller Baltic-Finnic nations – Ingrians and Setus (Setos), living in the Russian border area with Estonia.

About the Authors

Andrei G. Manakov
Pskov State University; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
Russian Federation



Jaak Kliimask
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Russian Federation


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For citation:

Manakov A.G., Kliimask J. Russian-Estonian border in the context of post-soviet ethnic transformations. GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2020;13(1):16-20.

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ISSN 2071-9388 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1565 (Online)